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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 100 (July 1947)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 13-14 PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 13


The=
Praise for Marshall PlanI                                       gestion
invitatio
UROPEAN-initiated steps to assess  consist primarily of economic and fi-
 vi
E   continental needs and assets as   nancial aid. Neither the Truman Doc-
 wIit the
a basis for projecting an integrated re-  trine nor the Marshall program
en-  vising a
construction program in line with US  visages assistance to aggression or
 maychbet
Secretary of State Marshall's proposal,  subjugation; rather as Presidenit
Tru-  tmhatY "s
are praised in American newspapers.  man again emphasized before the Ca-
 ar theo
Early comment, favorably noting the  nadian Parliament our energy and our
 Powers
Bevin-Bidault talks in Paris and the  substance will be expended 'in pro-
 forward
invitation to the USSR to join a co-  moting world recovery by assisting
 gae
operative recovery program, has high-  those able and well to make their
maxi-
lighted the potentialities of such a  mum contribution to the same cause'
 tak  pa
program as an integral factor in world  "The second point is that the
scope  The .1
recovery.                          and the distribution of our assistance
 that the
Many newspapers also have ob-     will inevitably depend upon the effort
 Russia to
served that any enlargement of US  which -nations are willing to make in
 Soviet a
credits, to help effect a comprelien-  that cause. Since the key to world
 cretary
sive European economic plan, should  recovery is production, this means that
 proposa.
_ 1 . _X .....s~s1.. . :ah:.. Ot ilict ru enthns nnntsandThe Stai
a basis for projecting an integrated re-  trine nor the Marshall program
en-  Vsnacotet-wd prgami
which the economic interests of all
construction program in line with US  visages assistance to aggression or
Secretary of State Marshall's proposal,  subjugation; rather as President
Tru-  may be reconciled." The paper added
are praised in American newspapers.  man again emphasized before the Ca-
 that "so enthusiastic about the plan
are the representatives of the Western
Early comment, favorably noting the  nadian Parliament our energy and our
 Poe th  at    theyiud   ted g
Bevin-Bidault talks in Paris and the  substance will be expended 'in pro-
 foward th thei part ofbte po
invitation to the USSR to join a co-  moting world recovery by assisting
 gram, even if the Soviets disdain to
operative recovery program, has high-  those able and well to make their
maxi-
lighted the potentialities of such a  mum contribution to the same cause'.
 part.
program as an integral factor in world  "The second point is that the
scope  The Washington Star pointed out
recovery.                          and the distribution of our assistance
 that the Bevin-Bidault invitation to
Many newspapers also have ob-     will inevitably depend upon the effort
 Russia to confer and make known the
served that any enlargement of US  which nations are willing to make in 
Soviet attitude was "in line with Se-
credits, to help effect a comprehen-  that cause. Since the key to world
 cretary Marshall's statement that his
sive European economic plan, should  recovery is production, this means that
 proposal was open to all countries."
*  _     '--_z_ ___.-s1--   -- 61o: Ott               iA .~.  ,,t  r un En
thncl nnints and ...............The Star editorial continued, in part:
be evaluated caretuity In Luis couuruy
from the standpoint of American ca-
pacity and resources.
The New York Times, commenting
that France and Great Britain have
taken the initiative "with speed un-
usual in international affairs" said:
"The warm reception now being given
to the Marshall proposal in both France
and Britain seems to give assurance
that there will be action on the plan."
The Times interpreted the response
as a sign that Europa "is beginning
to shake off the paralyzing fatalism
into which it appeared to be sliding
since the end of the war." The Aext
immediate step, the Times said, will
depend upon Russia's answer to French
and British invitations to join in the
reconstruction effort. The Times edi-
torial continued:
"Certain speculations and questions
in London and Paris support the ad-
visability of a further clarification of
the American position, especially on
two points.
"The first is that the Marshall pro-
gram is'not in any sense a 'retreat'
from the Truman Doctrine, but rather
one functional aspect of it. The Tru-
man Doctrine, not only proclaimed our
determination to support free peoples
who are resisting attempted subjuga-
tion by outside pressure or armed
minorities, but also pledged our aid
in fighting misery and want, and spe-
cifically stated that our help would
oUcur dll IUbL gU -U --I:> 1-tl-  Em.
into projects which hold out the best
promise of increasing European pro-
duction."
The Atlanta Constitution said, in
part: "No program will be of lasting
help to Europe until it can bring what
resources it has into use. That is the
value of the meeting in France. It is
enormously important that , Europe
knows what she has and what she
can do. . . . Europe cannot be saved
unless Europe will join in the will to
be saved. The meetings must, some-
how, be productive of success."
The Philadelphia Inquirer: "Now
that Britain and France have assumed
leadership in organizing Europe to
take advantage of Secretary of State
Marshall's plan . . . the next question
is whether the Soviet Union will join
in the far-ranging program."
T HE British-French move is of great
1importance as the first practical
effort at cooperation in reviving
prostrate Europe. Scarcely less impor-
tant is their invitation to the Russiang
to act as a third sponsor of the
undertaking . . ."
Hartford (Conn.) Courant called the
Marshall plan "the most constructive
suggestion of the past two years for
the rehabilitation of Europe" and ob-
served that "it has already elicited
an enthusiastic response from the coun-
tries that must take the lead in it."'
IF the Russians persist in refusing to
cooperate forEurope's recovery on
a continental basis, then the powers
willing and able to cooperate have no
choice but to seek agreement among
themselves on some common plan ex-
cluding the Soviet Union and its sa-
tellites. Western Europe cannot afford
to do nothing simply because it may
be the Kremlin's wish that nothing be
done. The economic situation is far
too critical for' that. Britain, France,
the Lowlands, Italy, et cetera, are
acutely in need of a joint program
to promote the mutual strength of
their economies, and they must act
together, with or without Russia, to
get further aid from us."
Chicago Daily News: "We hope to
see something like a customs union
covering all of Western Europe. We
hope to see German industry.. . work-
ing to supply the whole continent, as
it once did. We hope to see the
people of Europe supporting them-
selves, as nearly as may be, through
the free exchange of their own pro-
duce and manufactures.
"When all is done, we shall still
have to lend or give away a good
many billions of dollars to get the
thing going. But we must insist that
the people of Europe do what they
can do through their own efforts to
build a sound economy."
WEEKLY INFORMATION BULLETIN
7 JULY 1947
13


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