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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 99 (June 1947)

Red cross help for needy,   p. 18 PDF (622.2 KB)

Page 18

a reluctance to get anything done.
Repeated efforts failed to- stimulate
them   to  undertake  an  effective
program, so it became apparent that
MG would have to intervene direct-
ly. The Land governments had failed
to come forward with adequate legis-
-lation, and there were indications
that the Big Banks might succeed in
preserving their unity.
MG Law 57, a strong directive de-
signed to break up the dominating
influence of the Big Banks, was
enacted in May 1947. It provides that
independent and disinterested custo-
dians be provided for these banks,
who will manage and administer the
property of the banks in the US
Zone; it requires that the names of
the banks be changed so that they
will be different in each Land; and
breaks up giro systems of the banks.
Successfully implemented, this law
can decentralize the branch bank
systems, in a democratically-organiz-
ed German economy.
Certain itop officials of the Dresd-
ner Bank are facing indictment and
trial at Nuremberg for War Crimes.
Their indictment will, in effect, be
a token indictment of the entire
system by which the Big Banks
worked hand in hand with the Nazi
government to aggrandize a small
and  selected  element of chosen
"Aryan" Germans in Europe at the
cost of the vast majority of con-
quered peoples.
FIAT Discontinued
Effective 1 July, the 7748 Field In-
formation Agency, Technical, is dis-
continued, in accordance with EUCOM
letter, AG 322 GCT-AGO of 4 June
1947. The reassignment of personnel
and the disposal of equipment are pro-
vided in OMGUS General Orders
No. 54 of 23 June 1947.
Rail Traffic Increases
The number of railroad tickets sold
to American personnel for US MI-
litary Payment Certificates by Ger-
man travel bureau offices shows
increase each week. These offices
are operating in most US Zone cities.
Red Cross Help for Needy
the Leaque of Red Cross Societies
will permit importation of Red Cross
relief supplies into the US Zone for
needy Germans, it was announced by
William E. Grainger,, League repre-
sentative in the US Zone, and the
Public Welfare Branch, IA&C Division.
The agreement, which has been ap-
proved by the Military Governor in
Berlin -and League officials in Geneva,
became operational 14 June. League
officials estimate that supplies will
start coming into Germany within a
"A conservative estimate indicates
that 50 tons of relief supplies of all
kinds will come into Germany in the
first three month," said Grainger.
"This rate will accelerate to more
than 100 tons by the last quarter of
the first year."
Already, eight of the 61 national
Red Cross societies in the League
have indicated they have supplies
ready to send to Germany through the
League. The eight are: American Red
Cross, Australia, Lichtenstein, South
Africa, Argentinia, Brazil, Chile, and
Every type of relief is expected to
be included in the shipments, with
the emphasis on food, clothing and
medical supplies.
THE OMGUS - League agreement
provides that all supplies will be
channeled through the German Cen-
tral Committee under the Laenderrat
and the Laender Red Cross organiza-
tions in Bavaria, Hesse, Wuerttem-
berg-Baden, and Bremen.
By distributing  supplies through
Laender Red Cross agencies, Grain-
ger saiO, the League hopes to strength-
en the Red Cross in Germany, as
well as help the German people. He
explained that at present there is no
National German Red Cross. The
national organization was broken up
by the occupying powers because of
its complete domination by Nazis.
Grainger said the new agreement
provides the basis for the first Ame-
rican Red Cross contributions to the
German people. Previously, all ARC
assistance in Germany has been for
displaced persons.
This is the third agreement nego-
tiated by OMGUS with non-German
agencies for the importation of relief
supplies in bulk for distribution by
approved German welfare agencies to
the most needy. Previous agreements
with CRALOG and the International
Committee of the Red Cross provide
for the receipt and distribution of
supplies from many relief agencies
in the United States, Switzerland, and
other European countries.
New Wire Service
Local and long distance telephone
and telegraph service to all points in
Germany is available to all members
of the US occupational forces and
individuals serving with the occupa-
tional forces, Communications Branch,
IA & C Division, OMGUS announced.
Both telephone and telegraph ser-
vice is available from class "B" tel-
ephone and from attended pay sta-
tions in all major cities in the US
Zone, at rest centers, and at leave
hotels. Local calls at attended -pay
stations are five cents; and from class
"B" telephones are 1i/2 cents, which
is in addition to the basic rental fee
of from 45 to 90 cents per month de-
pending on the size of the city. Long
distance telephone service for a three
minute call up to a distance of
10 kilomters costs three cents; up to
15 kilometers 41/2 cents; up to 25 kilo-
meters six cents; up to 50 kilometers
nine cents; up   to 75 kilometers
13'/2 cents; up to 100 kilometers
18 cents.
For ordinary local telegraph service
the fee is 11/2 cents per word with
a minimum of 10 words, and for or-
dinary telegrams within Germany, the
fee is two cents per word, minimum
10 words.
Bearing Output Declines
Production of antifriction bearings
in US Zone is declining, principally
because of -absenteeism  and acute
shortage of certain operating supplies.
30 JUNE 1947-

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