University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 81 (February 1947)

German reactions,   pp. 23-24 PDF (1014.1 KB)

Page 23

L  _ii I
Somber Realism Advocated
For Expected       Peace    Treaty
The Oberbayerisches Volksblatt (Rosen-
heim) in an editorial on the peace treaty
exhibited somber realism and resigned ac-
ceptance of Germany's fate for the coming
years.  The   writer, Winfried  Martini,
thought that, even if a German government
would exist, it could not take upon itself
the signing of the peace treaty. He believed
therefore that it "would be honest to impose
the peace on Germany," adding:
"It would then be an extension and inodi-
fication of the Potsdam Agreement. This
would correspond more closely to -the total
responsibility to which Kurt Schumiacher
(SPD leader) referred as the consequence
of total victory, than a treaty whose German
signature would necessarily have a very
doubtful value."
Martini, in asking why Italy, Japan, and
Austria are treated so differently from Ger-
many, saw the answer in the general assump-
tion abroad that Germany is the major and
the original aggressor.  He belie.ved that
"a refutal of this theory . . . could be use-
ful." He believed that the treaty will be
based or; the "intentions" evident-7in the
Potsdam Agreement, the occupation policies,
and international discussion. He then warn-
ed to be realistic:
,,It is certainly possible that, in sone re-
spects, modifications will be made in our
favor. But we shall do well not to surrender
to illusions, and to assume instead ihat the
principles of punishing Germany, of' repa-
rations, and of removing her power of ag-
gression, based on the above theory, will be
decisive. We should realize that in the
name of the two last principles German in-
dustrial capacity will be reduced so that
even the satisfaction of peacetime require-
ments will be questionable-especially in
view of the extent of destruction, the catas-
trophic loss of extensive agricultural areas,
and the increase ir
In conclusion, A
that the peace intended for us will indeed
bring some relief-perhaps there will again
be  international protection  of  German
patents and copyrights, perhaps Germans
will again be allowed to travel abroad, but
on the whole we should cease hoping that
the present condition is only temporary. To
be impregnated against illusions has the ad-
vantage of making surprises appear pleas-
ant. We must not quarrel, an appeal on the
basis of the Atlantic Charter is senseless and
has no chance. We have to accept it as the
eternal fate of the defeated and as the in-
evitable consequence of the unparalleled
hatred sown by Hitler. We are facing facts
and our only action can now be relentless
Praise for US Writings
Commenting on the treatment of Germany
in the English and American papers and pe-
riodicals which have been available for some
time to the Germans, the Badische Neueste
Nachrichten (Karlsruhe) said:
"Reading the millions of words that have
been written about Germany and trying to
find out for whose profit they are written
one gradually becomes aware of an amazing
fact: They are written to help us and only
us. Because over there one is convinced that
our case is not at all incurable. One does not
at all intend to apply to us a Nazi Race
Theory in reverse. On the contrary, what
is going on under the labels 'demilitariza-
tion' and 'denazification' is nothing but the
beginning of a gigantic work of education
that the Allies have undertaken ...
"The people in those countries have as-
tounding insight into their own mistakes.
They do not regard the first two years of
the educations enterprise (that after all is
calculated to take generations) as having
nennaint miraphyna Purls -4k+

Go up to Top of Page