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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 72 (December 1946)

German reactions,   pp. 21-22 PDF (1.1 MB)


Page 21


The licensed press in Wuerttemberg-Baden
took a critical attitude in their editorial com-
ments on the Land's recent constitutional
referendum and Landtag elections, according
to the weekly newspaper analysis by the
Office of the Director of Information Control,
OMGUS.
The Badische Neueste Nachrichten (Karls-
ruhe) commented on the fact that consider-
ably more persons voted for the political
parties than voted on the constitution.  It
continued: "Of those entitled to vote, in
many cases 20 percent, 30 percent, even
50 percent have made no use of their right to
approve or to disapprove. Such lack of in-
terest is evidence of the political immaturity
of a large part of the voters . . . Undoubt-
edly the cause lies partly in the election
campaign during which the parties emphasiz-
ed too much their ideological differences and
neglected to hammer on the principles of the
constitutions."
The Heilbronner Stinime found the large
number of non-valid votes on the constitution
surprising, but had this explanation: "Evi-
dently many voters did not understand that
they had to make another cross at the bottom
of the ballot. It, therefore, was a miscalcu-
lation to combine both votes on the same
ballot."
The Mannheimer Morgen, in an analysis of
the vote, said, "To state it honestly, the result
of the referendum on the new Wuerttemberg-
Baden constitution isono success. It may ap-
pear, superficially examined, as if - as in
Mannheim - 56 percent of our citizens voted
for the draft. But this percentage is an illu-
sion for it is calculated on the basis of the
number voting and not on the number eli-
gible to vote. Of the eligible number of the
total population only 41 percent voted for
the constitutional draft . . . The only consola-
tion in this matter is the fact that this con-
by an over-all German constitution."
In Bavaria, the Nuernberger Nachrichten
(Nuremberg), in criticizing the Bavarian con-
stitution draft, compared it with the United
States Constitution. The editorial said the
Bavarian document, like the Weimar con-
stitution, "never really became alive and
therefore came to such a pitiful end. Why?
Because they are too thorough and
go too little into fundamentals." The editor-
ial added, "The American Constitution con-
sists of a handful of impressive lines which
have gone into the flesh and blood of every
American."
Coal Sfrike
The coal strike in the United States shared
top news place in many of the German
newspapers in the US Zone and was the topic
of several pointed editorials.
The Sueddeutsche Zeitung (Munich) said,
"When the miners (strike) . . . the whole
American transport system in short order be-
comes paralyzed . . . The consequence is that
the food deliveries to Europe are slowed down
or stopped, and the danger of famine in Ger-
many is increased . . . If we, as non-partic-
ipants but fellow sufferers, should form an
opinion, we must not overlook that formal
right is on the side of the miners. The last
responsibility for the American and Euro-
pean economic crisis lies with the govern-
ment and most of all the pit owners. It is
they who risked this fight for power between
capital and labor; appearances may be
against the miners, but the question of the
real economic responsibility must be decided
on another level."
In discussing the international implications
of the strike, the Wiesbadener Kurier said,
'It is perhaps not our affair to examine'the
American coal strike. But, after all, we are
_21


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