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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 50 (July 1946)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 18-20 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 18


Mutual Compromise at Paris
Hailed in Stateside Editorials
Recent developments at the Paris meeting
of foreign ministers have been evaluated by
US newspapers and radio commentators as
putting the world in a better position for
solution of Europe's post-war problems.
Comment generally underlines the value of
agreement among Big Four foreign ministers,
pointing out that it has been achieved
through mutual compromise. Some papers
stress that Russia appears to be acting in a
more conciliatory manner, thus indicating
better prospects for Western-Soviet re-
lations in the whole international scene.
The point is made that agreement on
Trieste, as the key issue which had been
blocking progress at Paris, opened the way
for the subsequent agreement on 21-nation
peace conference ... and the Italian re-
paration problem. On the whole, there is
approval of the Trieste solution, though
some papers make the point that internation-
alization under United Nations will succeed
only if UN itself is strong. Two papers,
The New York Times and Chicago Tribune.
protest the Trieste agreement as not fol-
lowing Atlantic Charter principles.
The New York Herald Tribune said in
part: "'The Powers have demonstrated that
they are willing and able to work out
arrangements with one another - a matter
which seemed very much in doubt a few
weeks ago..."
"Specific agreements appear to bear no
particular relevance to one another, but
actually they do form a patterm. Primarily
they mean that the Russians have abandoned,
or at least reserved for the time being, those
ambitions in the Mediterranean which were
the most upsetting factor in earlier nego-
tiations . ..
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"All in all, bargaiing at P  if it did
not result in ideal solutions anld~ s not on
a particularly elevated plane, did produce a
reasonable fair deal for all participants...
the major difficulty (at the peace conference)
will be to find some formula which will give
smaller states a voice without letting them
discrupt all the hard-won agreements already
achieved among the Big-Four."
The Baltimore Evening Sun: "Here is
evidence once again that, granted patience
to wait out delays and moods of intran-
sigence and patience to negotiate, nations
can harmonize their divergent positions and
reach working compromises...
"No nation got all of just what it wanted
to see in draft proposals., but all of them
were satisfied in the end to support formulas
that finally emerged. The result should
hasten overdue stabilization of Europe and
should, besides, strengthen the general
feeling of confidence in the great power's
capacity to work and live together."
Reasons for OPA Vefo
Explained by Truman
In a radio address to the nation President
Truman reiterated the points made pre-
viously in his OPA veto message explaining
his reason for vetoing the bill and detailing
inflationary dangers he saw in the measure.
He again particularly singled out the Taft
Amendment, which would have permitted
manufacturers and producers to add all in-
creases in costs to a profit margin as
received during the base period in October,
1941.
Specifying his 'most fundamental ob-
jection" to the bill the President said: "I be-
lieve in a profit system and desire that pro-
fits should be ample to provide an incentive
for full production. The Taft Amendment,
however, provides for higher prices and
higher profits even where production is al-
ready going at full blast and profits are
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