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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 49 (July 1946)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 34-40 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 34

World-Wide Social and Eco-nomic
Program Outlined by UN Group
United States representative to the UN
Economic and Social Council, John G. Win-
ant, declared the experience of nations work-
ing together and finding agreement on spe-
cific problems "is providing the basis for the
world we seek to build."
Mr. Winant continued to state that "two
of the most urgent tasks before us are the
reconstruction of devastated areas and repa-
triation or resettlement of hundreds of thous-
ands of men, women and children who were
driven from their homes by oppression and
war and will still be homeless when UNRRA
ends next year. The world cannot be restored
to economic health until substantial progress
has been made on both these tasks. On both
of them, despite some sharp differences of
opinion as to methods, the Council has now
taken the first steps. It has voted to establish
an international refugee organization to take
up where UNRRA will leave off. A draft
constitution has been approved for circu-
lation to all members of the United Nations
so that it can be put into final form and
ready for signature during the Assembly
meeting in September."
The Council's action is outlined in the fol-
lowing specific fields:
1. Reconstruction: The Council established
a temporary subcommission on econonmic re-
construction of devastated areas which will
divide into two working teams, one for Eu-
rope and the other for the Far East, to sur-
vey the needs of all devastated countries, ex-
cept Germany and Japan, this summer. "The
United States felt it was essential that this
survey include ex-satellite countries," Mr.
Winant said, "since chances for speedy econ-
omic recovery of many of our wartime allies
is so much affected by the conditions in
neighboring areas. The Council accepted this
point of view."
2. Health: The International Health Con-
ference has already started.
3. Relief: The UN Secretary-General has
been authorized to offer full assistance and
cooperation of the UN Secretariat to the FAO
and the newly-established International
Emergency Food Council in working on the
critical food shortage.
4. Organization: The Council approved
reports of six nuclear commissions, making
possible their full working basis at the next
Council session. "The United States is eager
to see them fully manned and operating at
the earliest possible date."
5. Human Rights: Mr. Winant said, "the
Report of the Commission on Human Rights,
as it was finally adopted by unanimous vote,
included provisions particularly desired by
the United States.  One of these was the
recommendation that human rights pro-
visions be written into future international
treaties, and particularly into the peace
treaties. We do not want to permit future
regimes in the ex-enemy states to violate the
basic human rights as was done by the Nazis
and Facists."
6. Economics and Employment: The coun-
cil organized an Economics and Employment
Commission which will be the Council's chief
advisor "on coordinating international action
for achievement and maintenance of full
employment with higher standards of living."
7. Statistical: The Council approves pro-
posals of its statistical commission making

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