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Military government weekly information bulletin
No. 23 (January 1946)

General,   pp. 10-11 PDF (994.3 KB)


Page 10

genera(
First Step Toward Controlling
l~ACOTICS TRAFFIC
The Office of Military Government has
recently issued an initial directive (Nar-
cotics Control In Germany, 6 Dec 45, File
GEC-PH 710) to cope with a problem
-which has plagued governments for cen-
turies... how to keep narcotics flowing
into the hands of the medical and scienti-
fic fields, and out of the hands ;of the
illegal drug peddlers.
Usually the illegal drug traffikers have
two sources from which to obtain their
materials: through bribing or stealing it
from the legitimate channels; or by buying
it from illegal channels, such as manu-
facturers or processors in Germany or in
other countries, and transporting it into
and out of Germany.
Prior to the occupation, Germany or-
ganized two agencies to effect control
over narcotics. The lawful trade and dis-
tribution was supervised by the Opium-
stelle (part of the Reichsgesundheitsamt
of Berlin), andthesuppression of the illicit
drug traffic was charged to the Reichs-
zentralstelle zur Bekampfung von Rausch-
giftvergehen (a branch of the Kriminalpoli-
zeiaint). Both these central offices have
ceased to function.
The new directive takes account of all
the functions, laws and decrees which were
formerly administered by the German
Reichsgesundheitsamt (except those de-
clared taboo  by  the  directive)  and
assigns them to each Landesprisidenten.
Each of these Minister Presidents will
now be responsible for the same job of
drug control which had previously been
done by the German Reichsgesundheits-
amt.
Though the directive permits the Ger-
mans to use most of their former laws
and methods of control to cope with
the problem, it directs, in no uncertain
terms, that drugs will not be shipped
between zones or across German inter-
national boundaries, without specific ap-
proval of the Director of Military Gov-
ernment U. S. Zone. To facilitate control
,of the drug dealers within the Lander,
the directive implies that a control office
will be established in 'each Land and their
efforts coordinated by the Minister Presi-,
dents of the Lander.
The directive also describes the re-
ports which each Minister Presidentwill
submit to the Public Health Branch of
Military Government, how drugs are to
be ordered, and what surveys will be
made.
Back in 1931 both Germany and the
United States, as parties of the Nar-
cotics Limitations Convention at Geneva,
agreed to provide a single authority for
enforcing narcotic drug laws in their own
countries and any other territory under
their control. While this new directive
provides for control within the U. S.
Zone and is a step toward the discharge
of the American obligations assumed at the
convention, it does not solve the problem
of effective narcotic control for all of
Germany.
Hospital Beds Available
A total of 5,750 hospital beds and
equipment will be available for Militar%
Government use during the next 3 months,
it is learned from a USFET cable. The
names and locations of all the army hospi-
tals from which the beds and equipment
will come are not yet known, but each
10'


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