Military government weekly information bulletin
No. 23 (January 1946)
General, pp. 10-11 PDF (994.3 KB)
genera( First Step Toward Controlling l~ACOTICS TRAFFIC The Office of Military Government has recently issued an initial directive (Nar- cotics Control In Germany, 6 Dec 45, File GEC-PH 710) to cope with a problem -which has plagued governments for cen- turies... how to keep narcotics flowing into the hands of the medical and scienti- fic fields, and out of the hands ;of the illegal drug peddlers. Usually the illegal drug traffikers have two sources from which to obtain their materials: through bribing or stealing it from the legitimate channels; or by buying it from illegal channels, such as manu- facturers or processors in Germany or in other countries, and transporting it into and out of Germany. Prior to the occupation, Germany or- ganized two agencies to effect control over narcotics. The lawful trade and dis- tribution was supervised by the Opium- stelle (part of the Reichsgesundheitsamt of Berlin), andthesuppression of the illicit drug traffic was charged to the Reichs- zentralstelle zur Bekampfung von Rausch- giftvergehen (a branch of the Kriminalpoli- zeiaint). Both these central offices have ceased to function. The new directive takes account of all the functions, laws and decrees which were formerly administered by the German Reichsgesundheitsamt (except those de- clared taboo by the directive) and assigns them to each Landesprisidenten. Each of these Minister Presidents will now be responsible for the same job of drug control which had previously been done by the German Reichsgesundheits- amt. Though the directive permits the Ger- mans to use most of their former laws and methods of control to cope with the problem, it directs, in no uncertain terms, that drugs will not be shipped between zones or across German inter- national boundaries, without specific ap- proval of the Director of Military Gov- ernment U. S. Zone. To facilitate control ,of the drug dealers within the Lander, the directive implies that a control office will be established in 'each Land and their efforts coordinated by the Minister Presi-, dents of the Lander. The directive also describes the re- ports which each Minister Presidentwill submit to the Public Health Branch of Military Government, how drugs are to be ordered, and what surveys will be made. Back in 1931 both Germany and the United States, as parties of the Nar- cotics Limitations Convention at Geneva, agreed to provide a single authority for enforcing narcotic drug laws in their own countries and any other territory under their control. While this new directive provides for control within the U. S. Zone and is a step toward the discharge of the American obligations assumed at the convention, it does not solve the problem of effective narcotic control for all of Germany. Hospital Beds Available A total of 5,750 hospital beds and equipment will be available for Militar% Government use during the next 3 months, it is learned from a USFET cable. The names and locations of all the army hospi- tals from which the beds and equipment will come are not yet known, but each 10'
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright