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Beck, Elmer A. / The trade union press in the U.S. occupied area (Germany)

Description of trade union papers,   pp. 3-7 PDF (2.8 MB)

Page 3

iiublications of the trade unions in the British Zone were also studied.
These pulblications includel "Der Bund" ("iThe Federation"),
organ of the
German Trade Union Federation (Deutochor Gewerkschaftsburna, or DGB) in the
British Zone, "A;ufwaertsl ("Upwards':), DGB youth ma-izine, and
17ie Bergbau.-
Inlustriel ("'The Iining Industry"), organ of the coal miners.
German niewspapers of ,general circuletion and Swedish and English news-
papers were studied as indicated in the report.
gaiters of all aforementioned German tra-'e union publications were inter-
viaewd. The ieditors in the U.S. Zone were interviewed twice - once during
16-day tour of the zone beg-inning 24 June, and again during a 13-day tour
,ihich began 13 Auust. The British Zone was visited for 20 days beginning
18 3uly. Editors of the Berlin papers were interview;-d on several occasions
during my stay here.
These editors were 'Theodor Thomas, "Stimee der  rbeit", Frankfurt;
HIermann Sehoeffler (plen nrzo, HIermann Volja), ".vutrttembergisch-Badische
werkschaftszeitun-",u Stutt-art; 'dilheLmaEndrulat, BaTarian "Gewerkschafts-
zaitung", 'unich; Hans Jahn,, 'Der Dautsch3, Elsnbahner" ("The
German Rail-.iay-
maa"), Fr.nlffurti Ludwig Diedderiohi, "ITas'reie .,ort'"
Berlin; and Erich
kJyierke, "Freillheit", Berlin. *.t Colo.gne, I had a lon!r session
with Heinz Dockery
publisher of "Der Buand" and "A'xufwaorts" and his ed.itorial
Officers of all Land traje unioa federations in tne U.S. Zone, of the
British Zone union faderation, of city federations, and of individrual in-
lustrial unions w ere consulted- Gerzxan gorerrament officials, U.S. Military
3overnment Officers, British MJilitary Governm-nt Officers, editors and
r.3)portars of German and 'aerican newspapers of general circulation, and
others were also consulted. .II contributed to -ay uclerstanding of the con-
ditions under whichl the Germcan tralle unions carry on their functions,
cluding the issuance of publicatiorns.
The regulfarly-published trade union papers in tlha U.S. occupation zone
G-rraany are not nL. papers. They are periodicalsaof opinion. Having been
issued until very recently no iaor;e frequently than twice a month, it was
Sirprising that' thse papers have shown little interest in news as such.
The infrequency of publication, in turn, w;,as influenc-d byl 1) the phy-
sical limitations o'n naesp-apers publishing, 2) the shortage of paper which
7ias subject to allocation controls until recently when controls wera lifted,
3) the lack of printin.-> Machinery, and 4) to a certain extent, the shortage
The physical limiitations hsva gradually been eased, even du ing the three
1tnths I have been in Germany, but they still prevent the trade union papers
from becoming newspapers. For exauple, it takoeseight days for the '"Gewerk-
Schafgtszaitung# of ,'uerttem&.rg-Baden to be printed aftar all the editor's

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