United States. Office of the US High Commissioner for Germany / Germany's parliament in action; the September 1949 debate on the government's statement of policy
Chronology of the genesis of the German Federal Republic, pp. 8-9 PDF (190.3 KB)
CHRONOLOGY The Genesis of the German Federal Republic 1 June 1948: At the conclusion of the Lon- don Six-Power Conference, the U. S., Britain, France and the Benelux countries reach agree- ment on recommending to their Governments the establishment of a Federal Government for Western Germany. 1 July 1948: In Frankfurt, the approved re- commendations of the London Conference are conveyed to the Ministers President of the eleven German Liinder by the U. S., British and French Mil- itary Governors. 26 July 1948: August 1948: 1 September 1948: 22 November 1948: 10 February 1949: 2 March 1949: The Military Governors and the Ministers President reach an accord on implementation of London Agreement. Meeting on Herrenchiemsee Is- land in Bavaria, a group of German constitutional experts and politicians prepare a pre- liminary draft for a provisional constitution. The Parliamentary Council con- venes in Bonn to draft a pro- visional constitution ("Basic Law"). The 65 Delegates (27 CDU/CSU, 27 SPD, 5 FDP, 2 Center Party, 2 DP, 2 KPD), plus 5 non-voting observers from Berlin, all chosen by the legislatures of their Linder, elect Dr. Konrad Adenauer as President. An aide-memoire clarifying the Military Governors' interpreta- tion of certain parts of the London Agreement is presented to the Parliamentary Council. The Main Committee of the Parliamentary Council passes the draft of the Basic Law in third reading. The three Military Governors request changes of certain pro- visions of the draft Basic Law to bring it into harmony with the principles of the London Agreement. 5 April 1949: A" In Washington, the Foreign Ministers of the U. S., Great Britain and France express their "confidence" that the Parlia- mentary Council will "give the necessary attention" to the Military Governors' recommen- dations. 8 April 1949: At the Washington Conference of the U. S., British and French Foreign Ministers, the Occupa- tion Statute is approved, and the transfer of authority from the Military Governors to civilian High Commissioners agreed upon. 22 April 1949: Acting under instructions from their Governments, the Military Governors transmit to the Par- liamentary Council the views of the U. S., British and French Foreign 'Ministers on certain aspects of the Basic Law. 8 May 1949: The modified Basic Law is adopted in the Parliamentary Council by 53 votes to 12. Of the opposition ballots, 6 were cast by the Bavarian CSU, 2 each by Deutsche Partei, Zentrum and Communists. 12 May 1949: The Military Governors of the three Western Zones approve the Basic Law, subject to cer- tain reservations contained in their "Letter of Approval", and at the !same time promulgate the Occupation Statute. 18-21 May 1949: Ten LUnder Parliaments ratify the Basic Law. The Bavarian Landtag rejects it while ex- pressly recognizing its validity once it has been approved by two-thirds of the constituent Lander. The West Berlin City Parliament, although not re- quired to express itself, unanimously approves it.
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