Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.
Where the Nazis surrendered, p. 35 PDF (250.7 KB)
Where the Nazis Surrendered After examining Camp Cleveland, we went to "the little red school-house" where the Germans surrendered. It is not a little red school-house; it is a fairly large building built of red brick, rectangular in shape, and resembles one of the buildings at Stan- ford University at Palo Alto. The surrender room is about 40 feet wide and 60 feet long, and has maps all over the wall. It was formerly staff headquarters for our Army. They took pictures of us standing behind the surrender table. Afterward we inspected the large salvage depot where all of the soldiers who come into the camp turn in their clothes, shoes, guns, equipment, etc. Everything imperfect is re-salvaged. All the equipment is used wherever possible and nothing is wasted. Old, worn-out tires are used to half-sole the shoes of prisoners of war. Clothes are re-woven; all uniforms laundered and cleaned; guns oiled and put in shape; raincoats repaired. One sees blood-covered tunics and cartridge belts being reprocessed; also typewriters captured from the Germans that had been made for the conquered countries. After visiting this marvelous installation, we went to the Cliquot wine cellars and were told that the supply of champagne was adequate in Reims; that the Germans had to move out so fast they could not remove it, and that wine shipments to America would commence shortly. We dined with General Thrasher in a villa owned by the owner of the Veuve Cliquot Company-a gorgeous home indeed. General Lord, who also occupies a beautiful home owned by the owner of the largest grocery chain in France, at luncheon told us there is a crying need for USO shows and that the American public should support the USO more today than ever, as it is most important to keep the morale of the boys at a high pitch. After the excitement of war, idleness in these camps is devasta- ting to the men. 35
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