Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.
Code words of the invasion, pp. 31-33 PDF (746.3 KB)
Americans had laid a pipe-line across the English Channel pre- vious to Invasion Day was incorrect-all gasoline was taken across the Channel in ships. The Engineering Forces are indeed the unsung heroes of the War. Continually subjected to shell-fire, they repaired cratered airfields during the French invasion. Wherever the fighting Army went, the Engineers were alongside or ahead of them. After learning what the Engineers had accomplished in Europe, it was impressed on me that our Engineer Forces were well equipped to supervise the building of flood control such as TVA, Missouri Valley, etc., and much better equipped for this work than could be any civilian political force. At Paris, one General told us of the secrecy maintained as to the exact date of V-Day. Very few officers knew the date. They wvere known as "bigoted" officers, which was the code word. Code Words of the Invasion We were told of the various code words used during the war. The Normandy invasion was always referred to as OVERLORD, the North African invasion TORCH. Important officers returning to America for consultation with the War Department were re- ferred to as EVERSHARP. We were told that there were only 26 officers on Eisenhower's staff who knew the exact date and point of the invasion, that thousands of man-hours were spent drawing maps of the coast- line from Belgium to Bordeaux so that the printers and work- men would not be able to ascertain that the invasion was to be on the "Omaha" and "Utah" beaches. Generals have told me that when they talked among themselves as to the intimate phases of the invasion, they almost locked themselves in vaults so they could not be overheard. Every harbor from Belfast to London was loaded with ships for the invasion, we were informed. The plan was to put 18,000 31
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