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Jensen, Merrill (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Delaware, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut


Indians. At the same time Georgians
jected to any interference which nii
block Georgia expansion. Thus, although
the state ratified the Constitution unani-
mously, Georgians fought the new govern-
ment by every means in their power 1l
it attempted to interfere with what G(
glans conceived to be their interests.
Delaware and New Jersey had in
mon their economic dependence on Ph:
delphia and, in New Jersey's case, on Ncv
Y'ork City as well. Therefore, both states
hacked proposals to give the Confederati"N
Congress the power to regulate trade.
litically, they had little in common. N
Jersey had long been dlivided between L
and West Jersey, and those divisions w'C1
reflected in postwar p~olitics when East
Jersey supported and West Jersey oppo  (
paper money. However, both sides agii
on supporting the Constitution, which
fered a solution to the state's econo
Delaware was split between two war,
factions during the 1780's: the "WhigsY
who had supported independence, and the
"Tories" and former Loyalists who had op-
posed it. The factions did agree that the
Constitution should be ratified, but ap-
parently for quite different reasons.
The sources for the history of ratifica-
tion by the four states, except for Connec-
ticut, are sparse. There are no Convention
journals excep~t for New Jersey and Geor-
gia, and they reveal little. There are no
official convention debates. However, this
volume contains significant and revealing
documents. Among them are documents
concerning political violence in Delaware;
the records of the Connecticut town meet-
ings which elected Convention delegates;
the speech in the Killingworth town meet-
ing by Connecticut Antifederalist Benjamin
Gale; newspaper reports of Federalist
speeches in the Connecticut Convention;
the Federalist essays by "A Landholder"
and "A Countryman"; and the Antifeder-
alist essay by "A Georgian."
Despite the scarcity of sources, the docu-
ments in this volume, and others in the
1,200-page microfiche supplements, provide
a basis for a fuller understanding of the
context within which the citizens of the
four states ratified the Constitution.
MERRILL JENSEN, professor of history in the
University of Wisconsin since 1944, is also
editor of the three-volume series The Docu-
inen tary History of the First Federal Elec-
tions, 1788-1790.

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