Jensen, Merrill (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Delaware, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut
Indians. At the same time Georgians jected to any interference which nii block Georgia expansion. Thus, although the state ratified the Constitution unani- mously, Georgians fought the new govern- ment by every means in their power 1l it attempted to interfere with what G( glans conceived to be their interests. Delaware and New Jersey had in mon their economic dependence on Ph: delphia and, in New Jersey's case, on Ncv Y'ork City as well. Therefore, both states hacked proposals to give the Confederati"N Congress the power to regulate trade. litically, they had little in common. N Jersey had long been dlivided between L and West Jersey, and those divisions w'C1 reflected in postwar p~olitics when East Jersey supported and West Jersey oppo ( paper money. However, both sides agii on supporting the Constitution, which fered a solution to the state's econo problems. Delaware was split between two war, factions during the 1780's: the "WhigsY who had supported independence, and the "Tories" and former Loyalists who had op- posed it. The factions did agree that the Constitution should be ratified, but ap- parently for quite different reasons. The sources for the history of ratifica- tion by the four states, except for Connec- ticut, are sparse. There are no Convention journals excep~t for New Jersey and Geor- gia, and they reveal little. There are no official convention debates. However, this volume contains significant and revealing documents. Among them are documents concerning political violence in Delaware; the records of the Connecticut town meet- ings which elected Convention delegates; the speech in the Killingworth town meet- ing by Connecticut Antifederalist Benjamin Gale; newspaper reports of Federalist speeches in the Connecticut Convention; the Federalist essays by "A Landholder" and "A Countryman"; and the Antifeder- alist essay by "A Georgian." Despite the scarcity of sources, the docu- ments in this volume, and others in the 1,200-page microfiche supplements, provide a basis for a fuller understanding of the context within which the citizens of the four states ratified the Constitution. MERRILL JENSEN, professor of history in the University of Wisconsin since 1944, is also editor of the three-volume series The Docu- inen tary History of the First Federal Elec- tions, 1788-1790.
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