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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (2)
12 (2015)

Biographical gazetteer,   pp. 767-769


Page 767

Biographical Gazetteer
The following sketches outline the political careers of the principal Mary-
land leaders who participated in the process of ratifying the U.S. Constitu-
tion. Their political positions are indicated on the Constitution in 1787 and
1788 (Antifederalist or Federalist). Inclusive years, especially for state of-
fices, reflect periods of repeated, not successive, office-holding. The excep-
tion to this practice is delegates in Congress, where inclusive years reflect
only delegates' actual attendance for any portion of the years listed.
CARROLL, CHARLES, OF CARROLLTON (1737-1832)
Federalist
Born, Annapolis, Anne Arundel County. Catholic. Planter, landlord, moneylender, and
philanthropist. Resided, Annapolis and "Doughoregan Manor," Anne Arundel County.
Attended Jesuit academy in Cecil County, 1747; Jesuit College of St. Omer, France, 1749-
53; College of French Jesuits, Rheims, France, 1754; College of Louis-le-Grand, Paris,
France, 1755-57. Studied law at Bourges and Paris, 1757-59, and in Middle Temple,
London, 1759-64. Member, Committee of Correspondence, 1774. Member, 2nd-5th,
6th, 8th Conventions, Anne Arundel County; 9th Convention, Annapolis. With Benjamin
Franklin, Samuel Chase, and Rev. John Carroll, travelled to Canada to seek Canadian
support for the revolutionary cause, 1776. Delegate, Continental Congress, 1776, 1777-
78. Signed the Declaration of Independence. State senator, Western Shore, 1777-1800
(multiple sessions as president). U.S. senator, 1789-92; resigns, 1792. Introduced bill for
gradual abolition of slavery in Md. Senate, 1797. One of the wealthiest men in colonial
and early national America.
CARROLL, DANIEL (1730-1796)
Federalist
Born, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County. Catholic. Planter and merchant. Re-
sided, Rock Creek Parish, Forest Glen, Montgomery County. Attended, Jesuit academy in
Cecil County; Jesuit College of St. Omer, France, 1742-48. Cousin of Charles Carroll of
Carrollton; brother of John Carroll, first U.S. Catholic bishop and archbishop. Member,
Maryland Executive Council, 1777-81. State senator, Western Shore, 1781-90 (multiple
sessions or parts of sessions as president). Delegate, Continental and Confederation con-
gresses, 1781-83. Delegate, Constitutional Convention 1787; signs Constitution. U.S. rep-
resentative, 1789-91. Surveyor, District of Columbia. Member, Board of Commissioners,
District of Columbia, 1791-95.
CHASE, SAMUEL (1741-1811)
Antifederalist
Born near Princess Anne, Somerset County. Anglican. Lawyer. Resided, Baltimore City.
Studied the classics at home and read law under John Hall. Represented Annapolis in
the Lower House, 1765-66, 1777, 1779-83, 1784-85; Anne Arundel County, 1768-71,
1773-74, 1786-87; and Baltimore Town, 1787-88. Member, Committee of Correspon-
dence, 1773-75. Represented Anne Arundel County in the 1st-6th, 8th-9th Conven-
tions, 1774-76. Delegate, Continental Congress, 1774-78. Signed the Declaration of In-
dependence. With Benjamin Franklin, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, and Rev. John
Carroll, travelled to Canada to seek Canadian support for the revolutionary cause, 1776.
Anne Arundel County delegate to state Convention, where he voted against ratification.
767


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