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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

I. The debate over the Constitution in Maryland, 17 September-30 November 1787,   pp. 3-67

Page 3

17 September-30 November 1787
The public debate over the Constitution in Maryland began soon after
the adjournment of the Constitutional Convention on 17 September.
Because of Maryland's proximity to Philadelphia, newspapers, broad-
sides, pamphlets, and magazines printed in that city circulated widely
in Maryland and were read by Marylanders. For instance, "Cato" I and
II were originally printed in the Antifederalist New York Journal, 27 Sep-
tember and 11 October 1787 (CC:103, 153), but were never reprinted
in a Maryland newspaper. Yet, the "Cato" essays could have been read
by Marylanders because on 3 and 17 October they were reprinted in
the Antifederalist Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, which circulated in
Maryland newspapers reprinted many items from out-of-state news-
papers-especially from the weekly Federalist Pennsylvania Gazette, the
daily Antifederalist Independent Gazetteer, and the semiweekly neutral Penn-
sylvania Herald. During this early part of the public debate, Federalist
pieces reprinted in Maryland newspapers included "An American Citi-
zen" I-IV (Tench Coxe) (CC:100, 109, 112, 183-A), "Foreign Spec-
tator" (Nicholas Collin) (CC:124), and the 6 October public speech of
James Wilson (CC:134), a former Pennsylvania delegate to the Consti-
tutional Convention. Antifederalist reprintings in Maryland included
"Centinel" I and II (Samuel Bryan) (CC:133, 190), "A Democratic
Federalist's" reply to Wilson (CC:167), and Constitutional Convention
delegate Elbridge Gerry's objections to the Constitution outlined in a
letter to the Massachusetts legislature (CC:227-A). With the exception
of Gerry's objections, all reprinted items were first printed in Phila-
delphia newspapers.
Fifteen letters appear in Part I, twelve in manuscript and three in
newspapers. In Maryland, the letters were written from Annapolis, Bal-
timore, Chestertown, Elkton, Georgetown, and Queen Anne's County.
The out-of-state letters are from New York City, Philadelphia, and Bowl-
ing Green, Va. Two of the newspaper letters have an Antifederalist lean-
ing, while the other thirteen letters are Federalist. The manuscript let-
ters from Maryland are from merchants. A lengthy letter by William

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