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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

IV: The Morea, 1311-1364,   pp. 104-140 PDF (13.6 MB)

Page 104

THE MOREA, 1311—1364 
 By the two treaties of Viterbo (May 1267) Charles I of Anjou had obtained
the legal basis for the predominance of his house in the affairs of the remaining
Latin states in Greece. The death of William of Villehardouin in 1278 without
a male heir had left Charles prince of Achaea. King of Sicily and claimant
to the throne of Jerusalem, Charles was also king of Albania, and this mountainous
land at the western end of the Via Egnatia, together with the flourishing
princi pality of the Villehardouins, was the base for the great Drang nach
Osten whose aim had been the recapture first of Constantinople and later
of Jerusalem. The Sicilian Vespers had, however, ruined these plans and involved
the Angevins in a long war with the Aragonese in Sicily. 
 To a considerable extent this and the succeeding chapter are based on published
sources already cited in the opening note to chapter VII of volume II of
this work, pp. 235—236. Of these sources, we cite here those that are
indispensable for chapters IV and V, together with a number of works bearing
directly or indirectly on the Morea and Latin Greece in the fourteenth and
fifteenth centuries. We also cite certain periodical articles based on research
in Mediterranean archives and presenting new evidence or interpretations.
Most of the publications mentioned in this note appear in the extensive bibliography
to chapter IX, "The Latins in Greece and the Aegean from the Fourth Crusade
to the End of the Middle Ages," by K. M. Setton, in The Cambridge Medieval
History, IV-I (1966 ed.), 908—938. 
 For the connections of the principality of Achaea with the kingdom of Naples
see the documents in Ch. Perrat and J. Longnon, eds., Actes relatifs a la
principauté de Morée 1289—1300 (Paris, 1967, Collection
de documents inédits sur l'histoire de France, 8° ser., vol. 6);
these charters were copied from the Angevin registers of Naples before their
destruction in 1943. The Chronicle of the Morea is a most valuable source
despite numerous errors of fact. The French version is cited in the edition
of Longnon, Livre de la conqueste de la princée de l'Amorée:
Chronique de Morée (1204—1305) (Paris, 1911); the Greek version
in that of J. Schmitt, The Chronicle of Morea: To chronikon tou Moreös
(London, 1904); and the Aragonese in that of A. Morel-Fatio, Libro de los
fechos et con quistas del principado de la Morea... (Geneva, 1885). The Greek
version has been translated by H. Lurier, Crusaders as Conquerors: The Chronicle
of Morea (New York and London, 1964; [Columbia University] Records of Civilization:
Sources and Studies, LXIX). On the ques tion of the original chronicle and
the relationship of the versions to one another see, besides Lurier's introduction,
especially D. Jacoby, "Quelques considerations sur les versions de la ' Chronique
de Morée'," Journal des savants, July—September 1968, pp. 133—189,
and the articles of G. Spadaro, "Studi introduttivi alla Cronaca di Morea,"
Siculorum gymnasium, n.s., XII (1959), 125—152, XIII (1960), 133—176,
and XIV (1961), 1—70; also cf. review by P. Topping in Speculum, XL
(1965), 737—742, and A. Luttrell, "Greek Histories Translated 

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