Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
XV: The Second Crusade, pp. 463-512 PDF (20.6 MB)
463xv THE SECOND CRUSADE In histories of the crusading movement the Second Crusade generally figures briefly as a fiasco, modeled slavishly on the First Crusade, but without its mystic power, and lacking the vigorous secular quality of the Third and Fourth Crusades. This estimate is partly deserved; but existing records show that the Second Crusade had a complicated character of its own and formed a turning point in the development of the crusades. Without doubt its leaders followed the example of Urban and Godfrey of Bouillon in that they tried to adapt and regularize the phenomena of the The chief contemporary Latin source for the Second Crusade is Odo of Deuil, De profectione Ludovici Vii in orientem. There are several editions including: Migne, FL, CLXXXV; that of H. Waquet (Paris, 1949); and the Latin text with English translation and notes by V. G. Berry (Columbia University, Records of Civilization, New York, 1948). References to the Berry edition are given in the notes to this chapter. There is also important material in William of Tyre, Historia reruni in partibus transmarinis gestarum (RHC, 0cc., I, and tr. E. A. Babcock and A. C. Krey, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea, 2 vols., Records of Civilization, New York, 1943); Otto of Freising, Chronicon (MGH, SS.., XX, and the English translation by C. C. Mierow, The Two Cities: A Chronicle of Universal History to the Tear 1146, by Otto, Bishop of Freising, Records of Civilization, New York, 1928); the same author's Gesta Friderici I imperatoris (ed. G. Waitz, 3rd ed., Hanover, 1912, also tr. C. C. Mierow, Records of Civilization, New York, 1953); John of Salisbury, Historia pontifIcalis (ed. R. L. Poole, Oxford, 1927); De expugnatione Lyxbonensi (ed. and tr. C. W. David, Records of Civilization, New York, 1936); Helmold, Cronica Slavorum (ed. B. Schmeidler, znd ed., Berlin, 1909, and tr. F. J. Tschan, The Chronicle of the Slays by Helmold, Priest of Bosau Records of Civilization, New York, 1935); Caffaro, Annales lanuenses and Historia captionis Almarie et Turtuose (ed. L. T. Beigrano, Fonti per la Storia d'Italia, XI, Rome and Genoa, 1890); Liber iurium reipublicae Genuensis, I (Historiae patriae inonumenta, Turin, 1854); Prefatio de Almeria (ed. L. T. Beigrano, Atti della Societâ Ligure di Storia Patria, XIX, Genoa, 1887); Cronica Adephonsi imperatoris (ed. H. Florez, in Espana sagrada, XXI, Madrid, 1766); Gerhoh of Re.chersberg, De investigatione Antichristi (ed. F. Scheibelberger, Linz, 1875); Annales Palidenses, Annales Magdeburgenses, and Annales Herbipolenses (all in MGH, SS., XVI); Chronicon Mauriniacense (RHGF, XII); Sancti Bernardi opera omnia (MPL, CLXXXII—CLXXXV); and tr., in part, by S. J. Eales, The Life and Works of St. Bernard (~ vols., London, 1889—1896) and by B. Scott James, The Letters of St. Bernard of Clairvaux (London, 1953); Wibaldi epistolae (ed., P. Jaffe, Monumenta Corbeiensia, Berlin, 1864); Epistolae Eugenii iii papae (MPL, CLXXX); Epistolae Conradi, Ludovici, Sugerii (all in RHGF, XV); Suger, De glorioso rege Ludovico Ludovici fihio, in Vie de Louis le Gros (ed. Molinier, Paris, 1877). Greek sources include: John Cinnamus, Epitome rerum ab Joanne et Alexio Comnenis gestarum (CSHB); Nicetas Choniates., Historia (ibid.); Epistolae Manuelis (RHGF, XV); and Franz Dolger, Regesten d. Kaiserurkunden d. oströmischen Reiches, pt. 2: Regesten von 1025—1204, Munich and Berlin, 1925. See also W. Ohnsorge, "Em Beitrag zur Geschichte Manuels I von Byzanz," .Festschrift für Albert Brackmann (ed. L. Santifaller, Weimar, 193 i), PP. 37'—393; C. Neumann, Griecbische Geschichtscbreiber und Gescbichtsquellen im 12. Jabrbundert (Leipzig, i888).
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