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Stanhope, Aubrey (ed.) / The continental times
Nr. 1252. Vol. XXII. Nr. 110 (March 15, 1916)

The continental times: Nr. 1252, Vol. XXII, Nr. 110, March 15, 1916,   pp. [1]-4


Page [1]

Nr. 1252. Vol. XX
Chief U.S. Agencies
New York:
H. C. Siemer, 220 Broadway
San Francisco:
The United News Agents,
906 Market St.
II. Nr. 110                                               WEDNESDAY,I
A JOURNAL FOR AMERICANS IN EUROPE.
MARCH 15, 1916.
Every Friday
$ n1 1e Butelnot otIonn 3 11
United States 2 Dollar s  Switzerland  10 France  Hungary 9 Kronenfor 3 month
SUBSCRIPTION: Holland . . . 70nidefn        Austria . . . 9 Kronen  Gemay 6 Marks   forS 1onhe     New York San Francisco Berlin Roderdam Stockholm Vienna Zurich.
PR IC E: 5 cents. 25 centimes, 20 Pf.
_ M ll illllllIlHlilil iillilllllllilli l :i  il Iii  hll Illil  l illlllHiIllH
SPECIAL FEATURES
IN THIS ISSUE.
Special Cartoon . . . . . . page 1
America and Mexico    . . . .         1
U. S Upon the "M6we" . . . ,, I
American Citizens Enough Warned ,, 1
Warning by Clemenceau . . .       ,, 1
Nobel Prizeman Freed.    . . .    ,, 1
Latest Zeppelin Success . . .     ,, 1
Berchtold's New Post . . . .      ,, 1
German American Demonstration ,, I
Misguided Italy . . . . . .,, 2
German News, Here and There       ,, 2
Press Opinions . . . . . .,, 2
Austro-Hungarian Letter . . .     ,, 2
Letters from  Correspondents  .   ,, 2
The World of Thespis     . . .    ,, 3
Advertisements . . . . . . ..,, 4
LATEST NEWS
SHORT ITEMS OF INTEREST
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES,
Latest Zeppelin Success
London, Tuesday.  It is estimated that the
damage done in the last Zeppelin raid amounted
lo £2,300,000.
New Minister of War
Lugano, Tuesday.   According  to  a Paris
despatch General Lyautey, up to now Governor
of Marocco is likely to succeed General Gallieni
as Minister of war.
Americans on the "Sirius"
Washington, Tuesday. Aboard the Swedish
barque "Sirius," there were Americans. Mr.
Lansing has instructed the American Consul at
Le Havre to find out if posible whether the
ship was blown up by a mine or torpedoed.
Nobel Prizeman Freed
Copenhagen, Tuesday. Prince Karl of Sweden,
ne President of the Swedish Red Cross Associ-
10    'obe fshl,? release of Doctor Baranis,
wn    an been neid prisoner by the Russians.
Dr. Baranis was an Austrian and winner of this
year's Nobel Prize.
High Prices in Australia
The Hague, Tuesday. In Melbourne and other
Australians harbors the dockers have refused
to work until measures have been taken by the
Government to reduce the high prices for the
necessaries of life, brought about by the war.
In Search of Money
Bern, Tuesday. The Crownprince of Servia
and the Premier Mr. Pachitch are travelling
together and propose visiting Paris and London.
Their object is to obtain money wherewith to
reorganise the remains of the Servian army.
Churchill Returns to the Front
London, Tuesday. In spite of the temptations
offered him to stop and lead the opposition,
Colonel Winston Churchill has thought it the
wiser policy to rejoin his regiment and has left
for the front.
Italian Politics
Lugano, Tuesday. From all sides are heard
rumors of political troubles in the Cabinet. A
crisis is expectcd towards the end of the week.
The question of declaring war upon Germany
is the burning question which is being agitated.
Italian Soldiers for France
Basel, Tuesday. According to the Basler Nach-
sichten Italian troops are being continuously
transported into France. They are mostly of
the older classes to work in non-combative
duties aid thus relieve more activeFrench soldiers.
French Prisoners
Karlsruhe, Tuesday. Eighty French Alpinistes
prisoners captured in the fight at Ober Sept,
have arrived at Mulausen. They tell that for
two days they were almost without provisions,
the snow having cut off the French from their
transports.
Torpedoed
Geneva, Tuesday. According to a Marseille
despatch the Mail Steamer "Bragance" has
brought in 33 men of the torpedoed English
steamer "Kelbridge." The Captain announces
that the British two-master "Elisa" was also
torpedoed.
Lack of Merchant Ships
London, Tuesday.  M. Runciman has again
addressed the House of Commons upen the
subject of the shortage of ships. He said
that in future all dried fruit imports would be
prohibited except currants from Greece. Further
that very shortly the import of fresh vegetables
would be forbidden.
Dutch English Post
Rotterdam, Tuesday. The new Mail Steamers,
two in number, which will do service between
Holland and England, will be fitted out with
a large number of water-tight compartments in
the form of 2,500 hermetically sealed empty
casks, which it is calculated would keep them
afloat in case of a mine accident.
Servian Troops in Salonica
Athens, Tuesday. Several thousand of Servian
troops have arrived in Salorica and have been
segregated in a district away from Ithe rest of
the troops. They are to form an artillery corps.
They are desrcibed as being anything but likely
looking soldiers -and the fighting spirit appears
to have entirely left them.
Count Berchtold's New Post
Vienna, Tuesday. Count Leopold Berchtold
has been appointed Master of Ceremonies of
the Crown Prince, Archduke Karl Franz Josef.
Missing Ships Appear
Amsterdam, Tuesday. The missing English
steamer "Colchester" of the Harwich Line has
reached here having been delayed by bad
weather and having to help the Dutch steamer
"Zaandijk" whih had run onto a mine. The
"Zaandijk" managed to reach Tilbury.
Warning by Clemenceau
Paris, Tuesday. In his newspaper l'Homme
Enchain, which once more appears after having
been suspended for a week, M. Clemenceau
warns the people against the fantastic reports
minimising the French losses at Verdun and
exaggerating those of the Germans. He says
it is a great mistake to undervalue the offensive
power of the enemy.
Danes Doing Well
Copenhagen, Tuesday. The Danish steamship
companies are now beginning to render accounts
for last year. The dividends which will be paid
to shareholders run from about 30 per cent. to
100 per cent, after large suns in each company
have been placed to reserve. As another proof
of the present good economical condition of
Denmark, the State Bank is now again able to
give gold for paper money. The gold reserve
is now double what is was at the beginning
of the war.
VITAL QUESTION
FOR ITALY
IF AUSTRIA TAKES VALONA THE
ITALIAN DREAM WILL HAVE
BEEN DESTROYED
FAILURE BEING REALISED
In the Chicago Tribune, Mr. Frank H.
Simonds, author of "The Great War" writes
prophetically concerning theexisting precari-
ous situation of Italy as follows:
Today there is left only one more step to
complete the expansion southward of Austria
from Cattaro to the Greek frontier, and this
is the occupation of Valona. As the Anglo-
French allies hold Saloniki, the Italians have
so far retained Valona; if these ports are
lost then the work of the central powers
between the Danube and the Aegean and
between Hungary and the Greek frontier is
complete.
Valona of Great Value
The value of Valona is patent. It faces
the Straits of Otranto, the narrow waterway
connecting the Adriatic with the Mediterranean.
Brindisi in Italy faces Valona as Dover faces
Calais, and the distance is but a little more
than forty miles. The Bay of Valona itself
is the only considerable natural harbor be-
tween Cattaro and the Golf of Arta.
As long as Italy holds Valona she holds
the straits, but if she loses Valona then she
loses the only really useful harbor she
possesses on the Adriatic, for the harbors
on the Italian side of the sea are few and
insignificant.
For Italy the question is vital. If Austria
is to take Valona now and become the master,
if not the titular owner, of Saloniki tomor-
row, then Austria will have destroyed the
Italian dream of reviving the glories of Rome
and Venice in the near east. Italy's own
harbors on the Adriatic will be at the mercy
of an Austro-German fleet and her whole
future will be imperiled.
Poetic Justice
It is impossible to feel that there is not
poetic justice in the present dangerous po-
sition of Italy. Her own ambitions have
contributed to enlist the southern Slavs of
Austria to fight against her. Their presence
in the line against Italy has released German
and Hungarian troops to fight against the
Slavs, to conquer Montenegro and Serbia.
The full consequences of the Italian failure
are just beginning to be appreciated in Rome.
If the Germans win the war now, not only
will Italy not get back the Trentino and
Trieste, but instead of a neutral Albania and
two independent Slav states barring the ad-
vance of Austria to the south, she will face
a Balkan peninsula and an Adriatic shore
completely under German and Austrian
control.
Perplexing Problem
The problem of the Adriatic and the Aegean
is one of the most perplexing the adherents
of the allied cause have to face. It is easy
to defend the allied proposals so far as
Belgium and northern France are concerned.
The liberation of both these conquered
regions is easily proven to be desirable on
ethical and national grounds. But what of
Adriatic lands?
"Protect g  Another Little Nation
O
The    Pr ector' to the Prot6g6: "Garn! Wot 'ave Hi
bought yer for.,eh ? You get right hup there hin the 'iring-
I mean firing-lineI"                   (Drawnfor tke C. T. by A.Johnson)
America and Mexico
Much    Sentiment Aroused       and   Sides    Taken.     The President is      for
Mildners    P - 4ti    f Carranza.      Hearst Newspapers Attack.
Washington, Tuesday. heMexican question  the number is not nearly enough and that
is absorbing all attentic4 The first incursion at least 25,000 men should be sent, and
to Columbus was a shock, but the second, some jingoes advocate the sending of a force
in Arizona coming so soon afterwards has   of 500,000 troops and the annexation   of
stirred everyone up to the extreme seriousness  Mexico to the United States once and for all.
of the situation.                          They point to the hundreds of Americans
President Wilson has ever been shy of    who have been killed in Mexico without
taking up the Mexican question and it has  any satisfaction ever having been given by
to him been the gore point of his administra-  the Mexican Government, and, yet again the
tion. He has been rep'atedly attacked by   absolute refusal of the Mexicans, when form-
Senators and Congressmen and accused of    ally called upon to do so, to salute the
acting in a manner derogatory to the honor  American flag.
of the United States in this matter and he        The President's Attitude
has aroused, as regards Mexico, and his      President's Wilson's  attitude  upon the
policy respecting that country, the enmity  Mexican question is mild almost to the point
of theRomanhCatholicse Mxic                              Gr   nn, an,     taait
absolte rfusa of th Mexin,wen frm-iL
Hearst Aroused
Quite specially is Mexico a question which
has always been hotly taken up by the Hearst
newspapers syndicate, Mr. Hearst himself
having a vast ranch in Mexico and therefore
his material interests having been at stake. So,
as may be imagined, the entire iow of
Hearst journals are now full of the Mexican
question and most of the others as well.
The President it is stated has sanctioned
a military expedition to consist of 5,000
mounted troops. There are many, knowing
a good deal about MexIco, who opine that
uttmuy. ivr. wson eueves that active
interference of the United States in Mexico
might lead to a general rising of the South
American Republics against the United States.
Without delay three regiments of cavalry
have been sent to the front.
The Ministry of War issues the remarkable
statement that the expedition is purely de-
fensive, which is just as little the case, as
that the cannon aboard the English merchant
ships are there for defensive purpose. The
strictest censorship has at once been in-
stituted so that during the past 24 hours
exceedingly little news has been heard.
Demonstration For Central Powers
A delayed wireless telegram to the Wolff
Telegraph Bureau, tells that on March 12, at
the opening of the Grand Bazar in the
Madison Square Garden, for the benefit of
the sufferers in Germany from the effects of
the war, and at which the diplomatic re-
presentatives of Germany, Austria-Hungary,
Bulgaria and Turkey took part, the gathering
developed into a striking demonstration in
favor of the Central Powers.
At the official opening no less than 25,000
people attended and thousands more, unable
to obtain admission, waited without.
The Opening Speech
Doctor Emanuel Baruch, President of the
Bazar Committee, made the inauguration
speech in which he welcomed the visitors
and stated that never before had the Citizens
of German and Austro-Hungarian origin
been so united together with their friends as
at the present hour. A truly contemptible
person it would be, who, next to his love
for the new Fatherland had no room in his
heart for the old one of his fathers.
The Higher Ideal
The German Americans, the speaker said,
ought to show, that here also they could
live up to the high ideals that they had as an
inheritance and that they were worthy of
being German Americans and the sons of
Austro- Hungarians.
Count Bernstorff made a speech, in which
he wished the enterprise all luck, and he met
with a rousing reception.
The Bazar appeared as a big town full
of shops. There was the old Nilrnberger
Platz, faithfully reproduced and the whole
was so worked out as to be a master-piece
of German art and technical knowledge.
It had been expected that the Bazar would
realise 750,000 dollars clear gain.  Before
the opening Doctor Baruch had received
contributions amounting to 150,000 dollars,
to which sum George Ehret added an extra
10,000 dollars.
The wife of President Wilson sent a lace
pocket handkerchief together with her card
upon which she had written her best wishes
for the success of the Bazar.
British Press Angered
The Hague, Tuesday.   The Washington
corrEspondents of the English papers are
markedly concerned over the effects of the
German Memorandum of March 10, to the
American people. They ask that a short
sharp reply be given.
The Mexican Expedition
Amsterdam, Tuesday. According to the
latest cabics it appears that the American
Government has been awakened to the
necessity of adopting strenuous measures in
dealing with the Mexican situation. For the
moment 8,000 men, principally cavalry, are
in motion, under General Funston's command,
while re-enforcements, 20,000 strong, are in
readiness.
I
11008l 0
and
Ognal Cartoon
by i/s/ oss Cartoonist
AM. CA Y.
Judged As
A Clever Move
Impression Made by the German
Memorandum. A New Form
of Propaganda Addressed
to the Anerican People
Most Serious Charge
"New York World" Insists That
if Germany Can Furnish
Proof the United States
Must Protest
London, Tuesday. The Morning Post has
received a Washington cablegram which
reads as follows:
The Memorandum which Count Ber-
storff has handed to Mr. Lansing is an
exceedingly clever move calculated to do
us (the English) material harm.   It is a
new form of propaganda, and it is
probably the first time in the annals of
diplomacy, that a nation has made ap-
peal to the people of another nation.
The German Memorandum is in fact ad-
dressed to the American people.
The New York World says that
the German declaration to the effect that
the English Government has armed mer-
chant ships for offensive purposes must
be taken by the American Government as
a serious charge. If Genrany can furnish
proof thereof, then it is the duty of the
United States to protest energetically.
American Citizens
Enough Warned
New York, Tuesday. In the last sitting of
presented a Resolution to the effect that
American Citizens should be warned from
making use of armed merchant ships, with-
drew his proposition upon the grounds that
American Citizens had now been sufficiently
warned, and that his Resolution might tend
to interfere with  diplomatic  negotiations
proceeding.
Lansing* Reads
Memorandum
New York, Tuesday. According to the
Associated Press, Mr. Lansing has read the
Memorandum to the latest German Note,
but for the moment is unwilling to express
any opinion concerning its contents.
In the State Department, it is further stated,
that the charges made against the British
Admiralty will be submitted to England for
perusal before any further steps will be
taken.
DILETTANTE POLITICS
Washington, Tuesday. The State Depart-
ment has adressed the British Government,
requesting it to supply the American Govern-
ment with a copy of the secret instructions
given to the Captains of Merchant ships.
This is the first step taken since the deli-
very of the German note and Memorandum.
Relations Improved
Paris, Tuesday. The Paris New York Heraldi,
which has usually distinguished itself for its
anti-German attitude, now admits that during
the past 48 hours the strained relations between
the United States and Germany have very much
relaxed and the international situation much
improved. It further says that the attention of
America is now mainly occupied with the
question of Mexico. In Washington political
circles (undoubtedly English and French) it is
feared that the entire interest of America will
be concentrated upon the Mexican question to
the prejudice of other momentous matters.
President Wilson, says the Heald, has come to
no conclusion upon the German American
negotiations.
U.S. PRESS
UPON THE "MOWE"
New York, Tuesday. The entire American
press is unanimous tn lauding the heroic
action of the Commander and crew of the
"Mwe". Their deeds are generally summed
up as being of the most courageous and
brilliant the war has shown. The Indiana-
polis Star says: "All deeds at sea have been
eclipsed by this enterprise." The St. Louis
Republican writes of the undying fame which
the "Mowe" has earned.     The Cleveland
Plain Dealer says that the "Mbwe" achieved
the impossible. Many newspapers ask ironi-
cally "Where is the English navy ?"
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