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Stanhope, Aubrey (ed.) / The continental times
Nr. 1220. Vol. XXII. Nr. 78 (December 31, 1915)

Nr. 1220, Vol. XXII, Nr. 78, December 31, 1915,   pp. [1]-4


Page [1]

Nr. 1220. Vol. X
HOTEL
BRISTOL
VIENNA
r- rU r  AV  11  f  V
XII. Nr. 78                                 FRIDAY, DEC
rni men aoime
CEMBER 31, 1915.
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SPECIAL FEATURES
IN THIS ISSUE.
Our Special Cartoon..... .     page 1
The New Year . . . . . . . ..,, I
Radoslawow on Situation    .   . ,, 1
Sultan Congratulates General Liman,, I
Castelnau in Athens . . . . .,,
Visit to Anasaria . . . . . .,, 1
Stirring Speech by King Ferdinand ,, 1
Gunaris Interviewed.....        ,, 1
Letter to Roosevelt . . . . . ..,, 2
Austro-Hungarian News.     .   . ,, 2
Venil Vidil Vici   . . . . . .   ,, 2
A Royal Rebuke . . . . . . ..,, 2
Tartuffe and Ananias   . . .   . ,, 2E
Financial and Commercial   .   . ,, 3
Stock Quotations . . . . . .      ,, 3
Value of Potash for Crops... ,4
Advertisements . . . . . . .    ,, 4
ul!MI mulIn   it    1unu   m ilIf II I MII  llIlllIII
LATEST NEWS.
SHORT ITEMS OF INTEREST
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
King Ilikita.
Budapest, Thursday. The King of Montenegro
has passed through Brindisi on his way to
Florence.
English in GallipolI.
Rotterdam, Thursday.  It is estimated that
there are still 25,000 of the Allied forces hold-
ing on at the far end of the point of Gallipoli.
Sarah Bernhardt Dying.
Paris, Thursday.  It is reported here that
Madame Sahrah Bernhardt is dying. The great
actress had an operation performed some ,time
ago which necessitated the amputation of one
of her legs.
M. Gunaris Speaks.
Athens, Thursday. M. Gunaris has once again
assured a newspaper Correspondent, this time
that of the Matin, that Greece intends to main-
taning strict neutrality.
Italians in Rlbania.
Athens, Thursday.  It is here reported that
the position of the Italians in Valona is con-
sidered to be pecarious.  The General in com-
mand has telegraphed for immediate reinforce-
ments.
German-Turkish Friendship.
London, Thursday. The Times correspondent
in Athens states that the friendship between the
Turks and the Germans is of the warmest
description. The orchestra of the 6ben daily
plays in the Tophan Park.
Radoslawow on the Situation.
Sofia, Thursday. M. Radoslawow on coming
away from a Council of the Ministers, gave the
key to the situation in saying: "The English-
French question will be settled once and for all
within a few days."
Sultan Thanks.
Constantinople, Thursday. At the ceremony of
presenting the Colors to several new regiments,
the Sultan after addressing the troops sent his
personal congratulations to Liman Pasha upon
the occasion of his having chased the English
out of Anasarta and Ari-Burun.
Castelnau in Athens.
Athens, Thursday. General Castelnau has ar-
rI\ed in Athens and has been received by the
King. He expressed a hope to the King that
(ireece would maintain its attitude of friendly
nuitrality.  The Monarch replied that Greece
had but the one idea that of maintaining both its
neutrality and integrity.
No Trace of Submarines.
Madrid, Thursday. A message from Ferrol
states that the Spanish cruiser Herman Cortes
has just returned there from a cruise along the
Galician coast. The commander states that he
tound no traces whatever of the German sub-
nnes which popular fancy painted ascruising
d! iff%' rcs, near Ferrol.
More Mail Matter Seized.
,otterdunn. Tuesday.  Two steamers of the
H loliand line, carrying mail matter from the
United States, have been stopped by the Eng-
lish and the mail matter they carried confiscated.
One of the ships in question had 600 bags of
mail matter aboard. The papers state that all
the mail matter carried by the "Tubantia" from
south America for Holland, has been confis-
cated b the Eaglish.
nieresting Correspondence.
Sofia, Tuiesday. In the house which had been
inhabited by Prince Alexander of Servia a large
number of highly interesting letters which the
Heir to the Throne left behind him were found.
They include letters from the Emperor Nicholas
touching upon the relations between Servia and
Bulgaria and a great deal concerning the war
waged against Bulgaria in 1913.
English Ultimatum to Persia.
Budapest, Thursday. The British ultimatum
to Persia expired on Dec. 24. Persia instead
of answering made demands upon Russia and
England. Persia asks for freedom of navigation
of its own ships on the Caspian, acknowledg
ment of Persian sovereignty over fhe Island of
Bachrain and various revisions of frontiers and
treaties.  In the meanwhile and until its de-
mands be fulfilled Persia remains neutral.
e.lll
A Happy New Year 1916
Wonders of the Past, Prospects of the Coming Year.
STUPENDOUS FEATS, MILITARY, CIVIL AND FINANCIAL ACCOMPLISHED BY THE CENTRAL POWERS AND
THEIR NEW ALLIES. COMPARISON BETWEEN POSITION OF THE "ENTENTE" AND "CENTRAL POWERS."
(By Aubrey Stanhope.)
Wondrous, well nigh incredible it appears,
when one comes to look round and see what
the Central Powers and their Allies have ac.
complished during the past year. From the
the military point of view it is simply stup-
endous. The whole of Poland has been cap-
tured, extending over a territory of 127,000
square kilometres with its population of 13 mil-
lion of inhabitants; Courland with its 27,000
square kilometres, and its population of close
upon a million people is in the hands of the
Central Powers; and just as the year is out
Servia with :its three million of population
and 48,000 square kilometres of territory, is
completely occupied by them.
Perfectly Organised.
Belgium, which has a population of about
8 million and an area of 29,450 square kilo-
metres, has been perfectly organised, to such
a point that the people of that country are
above all desirous that no further hostilities
should take place within their territory. As
a leading Belgian banker expressed himself
"Whatever our future may be, whether we
remain German or whether we are given
back our own Government, one thing is
quite certain and it is that we do not want
either the French or the English to over-run
our country again, for that would mean utter
ruin to us. Trade is reviving and we wish
to be left alone!" Those are about the words,
quoted from memory, of a representative and
patriotic Belgian. The Belgians earnestly wish
to be protected from their, so calkd, friends.
Organising and Cleaning Up.
Everywhere and in every country the Cen-
tral Powers have occupied, at once they.have
set about organising and cleaning up, reno-
vating the land, building roads and railroads
with extraordinary perfection and rapidity,
restoring bridges, giving attention to the
sanitary conditions. In Poland and Servia
the necessity for a thorough reformation was
imperative. Both countries had fallen into a
condition of dead-rot. Warsaw for instance,
devastated and denuded by the Russians, the
bridges blown up and having only the
worst of road communication, has now been
thoroughly reorganised. Within a short pe-
riod of its occupation by the Central Powers,
the ceremony of the inauguration of the
University; so much, and so long desired by
the Poles; took place amid popular rejoicings.
Perfect order and organisation rules every-
where. It is marvellous that out of such
standing disorder as there had been, in a
brief time perfect order was to be found,
the streets, which had been neglected under
the rule of the Russians, were remade and
cleansed and perfect order security restored
throughout the town.
And just exactly the same kind of thing is
going on in Servia. As described in our last
issue in a special article by Colonel Emerson,
the invaders and conquerors are right busy
rebuilding  and   cleansing  the  country
which has fallen into an awful state of decay
and misery.
The Diplomatic Victory.
But it is not only that vast territory has
been captured by the Central Powers during
the past year, but German diplomacy has
scored brilliant triumphs, with the result that
tro invaluable allies have come to swell their
forces, the Turks and the Bulgarians, both
having armies composed of the finest and
most highly trained fighting material in the
world. England and France thought fit to draw
upon their colonies and sent to the front, to
figHt in the name of Civilisation, races such
as the Senegalese and the Fiji Islanders and
representatives of certain sects of the Indian
troops, who under no conditions in the world
could be taken as representatives of civilisa-
tion. The Mohammedan troops are all right,
they are believers in the same God as our-
selves and must be respected, they are fine
fellows.
New Sources.
England made no scruples of drawing
upon the populations of the Orient, and now
that the Central Powers have the same op-
portunity; owing to the opening of the
through railroad passage to Constantinople
and thence to Bagdad and Syria; doubtless
they will not be slow in doing the same
thing, and, as is well known to those who
have lived in Turkey, that country can supply
almost unlimited numbers of men and large
forces of cavalry if needed. It is merely a
question of equipment. And those troops
are inexpensive, can live on half what the
western man needs, and if called upon by the
Padishah will fight with that valor whIch is
a tradition of the Turk.
Opens Badly.
The New Year opens with a most serious
aspect for the English in Egypt. The Senussi
on the one side, the Arabs watching and
waiting, makings wift raids according to their
habit, harrying and worrying, causing the
English to divide up their forces and yet
themselves intangible in their own particular
style of desert warfare. And already Turkish
bombs have blown up a ship or two in the
Suez Canal.
The defeat of the English in the Irak has
had an enormous effect upon the mind of
the Mohammedan population, including the
Arabs and Senussis. Events in Gallipoli and
the thorough defeat of the Entente forces
there, has filled the Turks with an enthu-
siasm which today replaces the fanaticism of
the past. The Turks are now full of confi-
dence in their ability and power to restore
Egypt to its former position. And that sen-
timent is in the heart of every Turk at the
beginning of this New Year. He is prepared
to do anything and undergo any sacrifices
in order to carry out that grand idea which
has never slumbered during the past two
score or more of years, of forcing the British
to relinquish their hold upon Egypt. And,
what comes out of that idea will be one of
the most interesting features of the New Year.
May Congratulate Themselves.
And thus from all points of view the
Central Powers have every right to con-
gratulate themselves. Theirs is a record during
the past year consisting of nothing beyond
the most brilliant victories military, civil and
financial for each war loan as it has been
issued has been over subscribed by the
peoples of Austro-Hungary and Germany,
whereas England and France have had to
apply to the United States and there pay
large interest which goes out of the country,
whereas in Germany and Austria, both capital
and interest remains within the limits of those
empires.
Bad for the Entente.
Auspiciously as the New Year appears to
open out for the Central Powers, just in like
measure is the outlook poor for the Quadruple
Alliance. Fortune seems to turn her face
against them. They have been unable to
gain any  victory whatsoever.  The latest
attempt, namely the battle of Loos, cost
them 80,000 men; the Dardanelles three
times as many casualties. They were igno-
miniously defeated by the Bulgarians, at
Gewgeli and Doiran: by the Turks in the
Irak and today they hold, a quite hopeless
position at Salonica. Defeated in their di-
plomatic efforts in the Balkans, it is more
than a wonder why they should think it
worth while to continue in a campaign
which each day grows more and more
unequal and bad for them. To anyone sur-
veying the entire situation and being per-
ectly impartial in mind, uninfluenced by any
national sentiment, it must necessarily appear
as though the Entente Powers had not a
hundred to one chance of winning in any
direction whatsoever. The most they can
boast of is an ability to hold certain positions.
And no side can win a war by merely sitting
still. It needs the power of offensive action
to win a campaign and wherever the Entente
armies have taken the offensive, during the
past year, there surely they have been
badly beaten.
Infinitely Stronger.
At the commncement of the New Vea, the
Central Powers are infinitely stronger than
they were a year ago, and that owing to
cleverly and deliberately planned out military
combinations, executed on a scale of daring
and enterprise which has been so great that
the contemplation of them leaves one well
nigh staggered and aghast.
On the other side, that of the Quadruple
Alliance, as the New Year opens, there appears
to be no unity of purpose, there are bickerings
and jealousies on all sides. In England the
Generals and the leading statesman both
in Parliament and in the newspapers are
roundly abused and insulted; in France and
Italy the leaders of the army have been dis-
missed in a wholesale scale,  a measure
which cannot but have demoralising effects
upon the morale of the two armies. In all
the countries of the Allies, the financial shoe
is beginning to pinch acutely, even England;
which country has to supply France, Belgium,
Russia, Servia, and Italy with funds; is now
forced to resort to extreme means to obtain
much needed cash for the vast, the unbear-
able outlays which each day costs, it is
stated, about six million of pounds sterling.
A few more disasters and the Governments
of England and France, already exceedingly
shaken, will be unable to hold out any longer.
And then will come the inevitable and general
break up!
STIRRING SPEECH
BY KING FERDINAND.
Sufa, Tt..icday. In v-    of the - " as
attacks made upon King Ferdinand by his
French relations, his speech at the opening
of the Sobranje is of quite special interest.
The King, who is looking exceedingly well
and happy, evidently much elated at the
happy turn of the war for his country, was
received with Jthe greatest enthusiasm by a
House crowded to its utmost holding capacities.
Standing up, the Monarch himself read the
speech from the Throne, in a clear strong
voice.
His Majesty began by telling of the
continuous efforts that had been made, during
the first year of the war, to obtain the return
of that territory which had been tilched from
Bulgaria by Servia, but without avail. Servia
would hear nothing of it. And thus war
became necessary.
King Ferdinand refered with just pride to
the bravery and brilliancy of the Bulgarian
soldiers whereby in two brief months, fight-
ing side by side with the brave Austrian and
German soldiers they had 'entirely defeated
the treacherous enemy. "You did" said the
King, "something still more to add to your
renown; you chased the two Great Powers,
England and France, who, to the shame of
civilisation and of their respective nations,
had sent an army against martyred Bulgaria
in order to support Servian tyranny over
Macedonia. And today not a single enemy
soldier stands upon our territory !"
CONSCRIPTION CRISIS.
London, Thursday. Undoubtedly before
many days have passed there will be a serious
Ministerial crisis upon the question of Con-
scription. It appears that the most that can
be got out of the members of the Cabinet
is that conscription for the unmarried should
be brought in. But even upon that point
there are several Ministers who do not agree
and who will resign should conscription in
any form be introduced.
Mr. Lloyd George has declared that he
will resign if the Cabinet should decide to
bring in conscription only as regards to the
unmarried  men.   Lords  Lansdowne   and
Curzon, and Smith and Chamberlain appear
to to be of the same opinion. Kitchener and
Bonar Law have so far not given their
opinions.
Visit To nasarla.
Gallipoli, Thursday. The Special Correspondent
of the Lokal Anzeiger has paid a visit to the
Camp of Liman Pasha at Anasaria, in Gallipoli.
On all sides he saw the evident signs of a panic
like retreat upon the part of the Allies, unburied
corpses, much booty, masses of preserved foods,
entire sides of bacon, meal, trench tools, water-
proof sheets, tents, barbed wire, sanitary material
and so forth. Large finds are constantly made
of ambmunition which had een thrown into the
water.
I& A, I I   lk s       -   -%


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