University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times: special war edition
No. 1117. Vol. XXI. No. 50 (April 30, 1915)

The continental times: special war edition, No. 1117, Vol. XXI, No. 50, April 30, 1915


I
Price: 20 Pf., 25 ots.        Special War Edition                   Price: 20 Pf., 25 ots.
A JIURNAL FOR
AMERICANS IN EUROPE
No. 1117. Vol. XXI. No. 50.              ROTTERDAM      LUCERNE    BERLIN    VIENNA  ZURICH  ROME                FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 1915.
LATEST NEWS.
SHORT ITEMS OF INTEREST
FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
Considerable Gain.
Suwalki, April 28.  It is announced that
t-e German army has made an advance
here amounting to a gain of 27 kilometres.
Munitions Blown Up.
Vienna, April 28. The Austro-Hungarian
(1cneral Staff reports that two Russian muni-
uons depots have been blown up in the
(C arpathians.
A Catastrophe.
St. Petersburg, April 28. An accident, the
dctails of which are concealed, has taken
place on the Russian warship Paul I. Ad-
m ral Tyrkow and three officers lost their lives.
Italy eutral.
New York, April 29. Signor Marconi has
arriveI here and, being a member of the
Italian Senate was immediately :interviewed
on Italy's policy. He asserted that his country
imended to maintain a strict neutrality.
Churchill Again.
London, April 29. In the House of Com-
mons. Winston Churchill declared that there
was not any idea of altering the treatment
accorded to the German Submarine prisoners.
Sunk By Cannon Shots.
Stockholm, April 29. It transpires that the
Finnish Steamer Fraak was not torpedoed,
aR previously announced, by was sunk by
shots front a submarine boat.
Creoles Called to Army.
Geneva, April 29. As showing how short
the French are of men for their army, they
have now called to the colors the Creole
contingent of the Antilles, from Guyana
and R6union.
Against The War.
Milan, April 28. The so splendidly orga-
nised working man's party here, is strongly
against the war. It is organising anti-war
demonstrations all over the country, for the
1st of May.
Newspapers Stopped.
Rotterdam, April 29.   A  very lucrative
trade in English newspapers, which was
being carried on here, has been stopped by
the English.  It is thought that there is a
desire shown thereby; that the heavy casualty
lists, which are the results of the latest en-
gagements about Ypres; be concealed.
High Praise.
Vienna, April30. Sven Hedin has just re-
turned from the front. He praises the Austro-
Hungarian forces he saw there in the highest
degree. He says that the men at the front
have withstood more hardships than any other
men in the whole war. A Russian shell ex-
ploded so near the explorer, that he was
covered with the earth it raised up.
Prisoners in Germany.
Magdeburg, April 29. The American Am-
bassador to the Court of Prussia, Mr. Gerard,
was here on Wednesday to see the officer
prisoners who had been arrested in retalia-
tion for the Submarine prisoners in England.
The   Ambassador   expressed   himself as
thoroughly satisfied. The prisoners are quite
contented.
Airmen Over Friedrichshafen.
Friedrichshafen, April 28. Once more the
enemy have sent their airmen over here, with
the evident object of destroying the airship
hall and works.  As before, the attack was
repulsed. The airman threw six bombs, the
only result being that one man was wounded
on the hand from a splinter. The aeroplane
was hit several times and showed marked
signs of being damaged.
Canadian Regrets.
Montreal, April 28. All over Canada the
press expresses the great sorrow felt at the
heavy losses of the Canadians in the new
engagemants which have taken place about
Ypres. The people are just beginning to
realise the seriousness of the war and to look
upon it in a quite diferent light than at first.
Canada thought the losses would be no more
sciou. thian in the Boer war.
Awarded the Iron Cross.
Munich, April 29. The Iron Cross with
white band, for civilians, has been awarded
to Houston Stewart Chamberlain, for the
excellent work he has done, in the publica-
tion of his most able work entitled Kriegs-
Aufsitze-War Essays. It is a book which
everyone should read, as it throws a true
and perfectly clear light upon the causes of
the war and upon English policy.
England's Amnmnition
A Visit to the Armstrong
Work Shows That There Are
Not Enough Mechanics.
Staggering Facts.
Two Thousand Mechanics
Needed and Six Thousand
Extra Hands.
London, April 25. The Newcastle corres-
pondent of the Daily Telegraph managed to
obtain permission to visit the Armstrong
works, which would correspond to the Krupp
works in Essen. Wonderful as it may seem,
as the information must needs be of much
interest to the enemy, he was allowed to
publish the results of his visit, which shows
a deplorable condition of things existing.
Amongst other things he says are:-
The very first fact I learned was rather
staggering. "You can take it," said one of
the heads of the firm, as he was arranging
to hand me over to one of the works man-
agers, "that we require about 2,000 mechanics
of all sorts at the present moment." Mechanics,
of course, are skilled men, but when we
came later to talk of labour in the large-
unskilled as well as skilled-I was told that,
apart from ordinary labouring work of the
absolutely unskilled sort, the firm could easily
be doing with about 6,000 additional hands
to set, supervise, and tend machinery alone.
Sharp Contrasts.
My tour of those portions of the works
where shells are being turned out brought
me into contact with all sorts of sharp con-
trasts. On the one hand I saw huge work-
shops positively humming with activity, every
machine working apparently at full pressure;
on the other, I saw even larger workshops
comparatively uiniihbied, witlfwholrainges
-one had almost said streets-of machinery
mute and motionless.
Since the war broke out a vast amount of
new machinery has had to be mounted, in
the endeavour to cope with the urgent needs
of our Armies in the field. To accommodate
this fresh machinery great new workshops
have had to be provided. And at the very
threshold of these machinery installations the
shortage of labour makes itself felt. New
machinery, for which there is pressing need,
is constantly coming to hand, but the awk-
ward thing is that there are not nearly
enough hands to erect it.  To-day I saw
evidence of this.  There were machines,
numbers of them, with no belting to move
them to life; not far from them were other
machines, the  belting  attached  and  the
machines themselves set for their works,
standing idle for lack of hands to look after
them. And all the while our troops are
crying out for the ammunition upon the
provision of which their success in the field
absolutely depends.
Short of Hands.
In the course of my visit I ranged my gaze
down one of the new workshops, which
seemed to me to be peopled only in odd
corners. Its mission is to turn out Army
shells. "Now," said I to my courteous guide,
"how many hands, approximately, are re-
qured to staff this workshop?" He con-
sidered for a moment or two, made a mental
calculation, and answered: "You observe that
the workshop consists of seven bays. Well
in order to operate the machinery in the
four bays nearest to us, we should need
something like 2,000 hands of all grades -
skilled, semi-skilhed, and unskilled. For the
other three bays, owing to the character of
the machinery we are putting in, we should
require much fewer."  Just picture the situ-
ation which practically requires 2,000 extra
hands in one workshop alone. Obviously it
was not for nothing that the authorities set
about establishing the Armaments Committee
for the North-East Coast. A great and in-
tensely intesesting task confronts it.
Skilled hands lacking.
During my wanderings over the works my
attention was directed to groups of extremely
complicated and intricate automatic machines
engaged in turning out parts of the fuses of
shells.  For th.se machines highly skilled
labour is  requisite, but, unfortunately, the
supply of it falls lamentably short of the
demand.
Bombs at Epernay.
Paris, April 29.  According to the Matin
six boa bs were thrown upon the city of
Epernay from a German aeroplane.   Only
material damage was done.
DARDANELLES FIASCO.
FRENCH GOVERNMENT WAS NOT UNITED BUT FORCED
BY A RUISE OF MONSIEUR DELCASSE TO AGREE.
CHUF
ATTACKED INI
CHILL'S RESPONSIBILITY.
HOUSE OF LORDS BY SEVERAL MEMBERS. BRITISH
PRE S, HIGHLY CRITICAL, ATTACKS MINISTERS.
Paris, April 29. Public sentiment, which
was depressed owig to the news of the loss
of the Gambetta, i still further lowered by
the despatches of ihe Daily Mail which in
vehement from atta k the whole idea of the
assault upon the Dardanelles. The Daily
Mail regards the 4ttempt as a dead failure.
It now appears that members of the the
French Ministry were anything but agreed
as to the advisabiity of the attempt. The
Ministers Sembat and Guesde were, from the
first, decidedly hostile; giving it as their
opinion that it was directly against French
interests. The Minister of the Navy Augag-
naux wavered. Fina)ly, after much discussion,
M. Delcassd; who with Lloyd George was
the joint author of the undertaking to force
the Dardanelles; persuaded his colleagues,
i by the Jesuitical argument that it would be
unadvisable to let Fngland go uncontrolled.
It is evident that M Delass6 was well aware
that England would never have undertaken
the attack alone.
Church It's Action.
Accused of Having A ted on his owr Respon-
sibility in the Dardanelles Question  He is
Attacked by the Newspapers.
London, April 29. The great question here
is "Who was resposible for the Dardanelles
fiasco." A debate hbs just taken place in the
Hu     ofLords        ourse   which Lord
Lansdowne, Lord Grenfell and Lord Alber-
marle, one after the iother, threw the respon-
sibility upon Churcldill. Lord Curzon went
still further and sa d, that this was not the
first time during th 4 war, that Churchill had
shown an unfortunate disposition to act upon
his own initiative.  he government, he said,
must now not wonjer, that the attention of
the House was attratted to the matter, for is
had aroused a str ng sentiment of unrest
and anxiety throughout the land.  It was
more than doubtful if, in this matter, Chur-
chill had had the s pport of the Sea Lords.
It was a matter of urgency, for the cabinet
to seek to control t eir colleague more than
it had hitherto done. The Government should
be more careful how they dispensed their
high moral obligaions, than was the case
in Churchills call for reprisals.
Want To Know Why.
The Daily Chronicle; which is the Go-
vernment organ, wants to knov how      it
could be that an attempt to force the Dar-
danelles was made in March, which resulted
in miserable failure, but had the effect of
forewarning the Turks and the Germans of
British intentions. To this question there
appear to be two answers, that given by
Morning Post, namely that the Admiralty
had been guilty of a gigantic and easily
avoidable blunder; the second that the plan
was upset at the last moment by the fall of
Venizelos. Minister Venizelos wished to take
part in the undertaking, send troops and
allow the Greek habors to be used as naval
bases. He who does not admit the latter
reasoning, must accept the opinion of the
Morning Post.
A Direct Charge
The Morning Post, in a leading article of
much pungency: "Is it true that troops and
cannon were taken from our army in Flanders,
for the purpose of strengthening the expedi-
tion against the Dardanelles?  If it be true-
and we have very reliable information upon
the subjet-it is yet another proof of the
necessity for a strict control, in the interests
of the army and the nation."
Lord Esher Rttacks.
Lord Esher writes a letter to the Morning
Post in which he says:-"The truth of the
situation today is, that the German army oc-
cupies nearly the whole Belgian territory, a
large piece of France, and the greater portion
of Poland is devastated. The success of the
Germans, whether they occupy Paris and
Calais or not, is, important and menacing.
Since the month df September the conditions
of the opposing forces has remained the
same. In spite of bravery, devotion and self
sacrifice, no advace has been made  Ger-
many's great stregth lies in the fact that
she pursues one am. Russia wishes to con-
quer Germany, sp as to form     a mighty
Balkan state and to gain Constantinople.
Russia's interests in the west are merely
platonic. France has only interest in the
freeing of her people and the winning back
of her provinces. The French are true allies,
but what interests can they have in the
-Balkan, or in the future of the Dardanelles.
Our goal is quite different. The entire future
of England, of ali Britons, yes, the world,
hangs upon the result of this war."
Losses on the Gambetta .
~   ~
Much more Serious than at F irst
Thought. No less than Seven
Hundred and Thirty Two Dead.
Rome, April 28. The catastrophe of the
loss of the Lon Gambetta, is far greater
than was at first expected. No less than 732
men lost their lives when the ship sank. 1
The scenes, as the battle ship went down,
were awful. The first torpedo hit the ac-
cumulators, with the result that the entire
ship was at once in darkness. This added
very much to the confusion. The second
torpedo hit her in the stern, making a large
rent through which the water poured so
rapidly, that she sank ten minutes later. The
wireless apparatus was also destroyed by theI
first torpedo__so that there was no hope ofL
calling for assistance. Further, most of the
crew was asleep at the time of the attack.
A small boat brought the news of the
disaster to the signal officials at Santa
Maria di Leuca. Two torpedo boats from
Brindisi rendered aid and saved 136 of the
survivors.  Sixty corpses were fished out of
the water and taken to shore for burial. It
is stated  that Admiral Senet   committed
suicide by shooting himself, In any case he
is amongst the missing. A panic had broken
out aboard which the officers, revolvers in
hand, had tried to quell. The boats were
lowered, but nearly all were sunk by the
ush of occupants which overcrowded them.
French Prisoners.
They are Perfectly Well Treated
and are as Content as Circum-
stances Permit.
Christiania, April 28.  The Paris Corres-
pondent of the Aftenposten telegraphs his
paper, that the Norwegian Banker Steen gave
a lecture before the French Red Cross, upon
the subject of the French prisoners in Ger-
many. He gave assurances that the French
newspapers were misinformed in making
statements as to ill-treatment of French pris-
oners in Germany. The German regime he
said, was hard, but not inhuman. Above all
the food was good. There were very few
cases of complaint. The moral status of the
prisoners was excellent; and had improved
all the time.  The lecture was illustrated
with cinematograph pictures. The President
of the Red Cross, Baron Anthonard, made
a speech thanking M. Steens.
On the West Front.
Stubborn   pattle   Which     has  peen
Progressing    over   a   Week.     Vast
Quantities of Ammunition Expended.
The English have during the past few
days been hurrying to the front the greatest
number of troops available. In Calais there
is great activity, in view of the German offen-
sive and the commandant of the town has
ordered the civil inhabitants to leave.  The
Belgian head quarters have removed out of
Belgian territory, at Fournes, into France.
Fighting has been continuous for over a
week and is still progressing and the ex-
penditure of ammunition has, altogether,
exceeded anything known during the war.
Ypres exists no more, having been practically
blown off the face of the earth. Scarce a
house remains standing, in this town which
had 16,000 inhabitants. The loss of life on
both sides has been very heavy. The Ger-
man papers give no details. The English
andi French pn is claim no victories.
Ministers Attacked.
The English Times and Daily
Mail join in Taunting the
Ministers of the Crown.
London, April 29. Nothing is so signifi-
cant of the spirit of the moment as the
constant attacks made upon members of the
ministry by the leading papers. The Times
attacks the government on account of its
secretiveness in matters concerning the news
of the war, which it qualifies as not only
useless, but harmful to the state. It quotes
many cases, in which the press was not
allowed to tell the truth about things which
were quite well known in America and
Europe.   It further attacks the  narrow
censorship  of  private  letters,  which  it
characterises as not only stupid but imper-
tinent inquisitiveness on the part of the
censors. It concludes by saying that the
present secretiveness is akin to deception.
The Daily Mail uses stronger terms. It
writes editorially, of the growing discontent
with the government. For a long time, it
says, the government hid itself behind the
persons of Lords Kitchener and Fisher, both
of whom are now severely criticised. Lord
Kitchener came to a war office, which had,
for a long time been in the hands of
lawyers and other amateurs, and had come
to be a national joke. He had taken
possession and done what he could to create
an army.
By Advertisement.
And the Daily Mail goes on to tell of
the plan; whereby the reader comes to doubt
as to whether it is meant in earnest or as o
joke. Lord Kitchener's plan it says, was to
employ a highly expert advertiser, in order
that he might placard the walls and fill the
colums of the newspapers with all kinds of
most ingenious ifacards witi w     iii
demonstrated that, patriotic and impulsive
advertisements had the power to make
opinion amongst the people, to induce them
to go into the army, just the same as the
advertisement of a new cigarette or a new
shoe blacking achieved their ends.
Dividing the Forces.
The Times criticises in the sharpest manner
the action of the War Office. It says that
the forces are being divided up and sent to
various parts, whereas the demands of the
the campaign insist, that all troops possible
should be sent to Flanders, where the
English operations are constantly delayed
by lack of men and munitions. The Times
continues: "The time for a decisive combat
on the most important battlefield is drawing
near.  England  is fighting  on six other
fronts, at each of which men and munitions
are required. It is necessary that the forces
on certain of those fronts should be dimi-
nished, for it would be an unredeemable
shame, if the English army in the principal
battlefield, were to be unable to hold its
own." The article ends up by casting doubt
as to whether the government knows how
long it will take to send a new army across
the Channel.
The German Guns.
General Cherfils the French Military
Writer Tells of the Perfection of German
Artillery. Gustav Herve Criticises.
Paris, April 28. Writing concerning the
fighting in the heights of the Maas and in
the Champagne district, General Chefils, the
well known French military writer says that
the German artillery is perfection, that it is
so cleverly concealed that the French storming
columns suffered terribly from its fire. In
spite of the undoubted numerical superiority
of the French artillery over that of the Ger-
mans, it was impossible to get at and silence
it, so  carefully  was  it concealed,  so
constantly  did its positions change.  The
positions of the batteries which are bom-
bardingReims,are likewise scarcely known. It is
impossible to hit tne enemy's artillery, because
even the airmen are unable to find out the
situations. The problem of how to discover
where the German artillery is situated has
so far been beyond the perspicacity of the
French intelligence department.
Gustav Herv6 writes on the same subject
and asks whether it is not possible for the
general staff, which is not lacking in men of
talent, to find some means better to prepare
the attacks of our infantry, so that the best
and most courageous shall not sacrifice their
blood on the barbed wire entanglements, as
has been the case wih entire companies.
Hotel Brun
Bologna
J. F. Frank, Prop.
M eran Spbuth-TyroI
Palace- Hotel
best situation in large Park.
I
IL
I


Go up to Top of Page