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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Appendix II: chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956,   pp. 440-488 PDF (22.7 MB)


Page 440

APPENDIX II
CHRONOLOGY OF POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AFFECTING BERLIN,
1945-19561
1. May 1, 1945.-The European Advisory Commission in London
approved an amended version of the text of the November 14, 1944
Agreement on the Control Machinery in Germany, Article 7 (as
amended) of which pertained to Berlin and read:
(a) An Inter-Allied Governing Authority (Kommandatura), consisting of
four Commandants, one from each Power, appointed by their respective Com-
manders-in-Chief, will be established to direct jointly the administration
of the
'Greater Berlin' area. Each of the Commandants will serve. in rotation, in
the
position of Chief Commandant, as head of the Inter-Allied Governing Authority.
(b) A Technical Staff, consisting of personnel of each of the four Powers,
will be established under the Inter-Allied Governing Authority, and will
be
organized to serve the purpose of supervising and controlling the activities
of
the local organs of 'Greater Berlin' which are responsible for its municipal
services.
(c) The Inter-Allied Governing Authority will operate under the general
direction of the [Allied] Control Council [for Germany] 2 and will receive
orders through the Coordinating Committee [consisting of the four deputy
commanders for military government in Germany].
2. May 17, 1945.-The Soviet Commander in Berlin, whose forces
had completed their occupation of the city May 2, appointed a civilian
executive Magistrat of 16 members and 16 deputies from the several
political parties as the principal administrative organ in Berlin.
3. June 5, 1945.-The Commanders-in-Chief of the four Allied
Powers, meeting for the first time in Berlin, released two Statements
concerning, respectively, Zones of Occupation in Germany and Con-
trol Machinery in Germany.
Paragraph 2 of the Statement on Zones of Occupation provided
that-
the area of "Greater Berlin" will be occupied by forces of each
of the four
Powers. An Inter-Allied Governing Authority (in Russian, Kommandatura)
consisting of four Commandants, appointed by their respective Commanders-
ia-Chief, will be established to direct jointly its administration.
Paragraph 7 of the Statement on Control'Machinery provided
that,-
the administration of the "Greater Berlin" area will be directed
by an Inter-
Allied Governing Authority which will operate under the general direction
of
the Control Council 3 and will consist of four Commandants, each of whom
will
serve in rotation as Chief Commandant. They will be assisted by a technical
staff which will supervise and control the activities of the local German
organs.
This chronology was prepared by the Department of State in April 1956. For
later
developments affecting Berlin, see the documents of later date which appear
in the docu-
mentary portion of this print.
2 See footnote of item under June 5, 1945.
3The Control Council for Germany, made up of the Commanders-in-Chief of the
four
occupying powers and empowered to exercise supreme authority in Germany on
instructions
from their respective governments, was established by earlier provisions
in this statement.
(440)


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