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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Appendix I: analysis by the Department of State of the Soviet note on Berlin, January 7, 1959,   pp. 415-439 PDF (11.1 MB)


Page 415

APPENDIXES
APPENDI I
Analysis by the Department of State of the Soviet Note on Berlin,
January 7, 19591
I. PREWAR DEVELOPMENTS
Soviet Allgeation8 ...
The Soviet note states that prior to World War II the Soviet Union
displayed constant willingness to establish cooperation with the other
powers with the object of resisting Hitlerite aggression and that, if
the Western powers had not been shortsighted in their hopes of turn-
ing Hitler eastward and had cooperated with the U.S.S.R., millions
of lives would have been saved. The note says:
It is common knowledge that the USA, as well as Great Britain
and France, by no means immediately came to the conclusion that
it was essential to establish cooperation with the Soviet Union
with the purpose of counteracting Hitlerite aggression, although
the Soviet Government constantly indicated its readiness to do
so. * * *
Had the Western powers followed a more far-sighted policy,
such cooperation between the Soviet Union, the USA, Great Brit-
ain, and France could have been established much sooner, in the
first years after Hitler seized power in Germany, and then there
would have been no occupation of France, no Dunkirk, no Pearl
Harbor. Then it would have been possible to save millions of
human lives sacrificed by the peoples of the Soviet Union, Poland,
Yugoslavia, France, Britain, Czechoslovakia, the USA, Greece,
Norway, and other countries to curb the aggressors. * * *
It is evident that the bitter lessons of the murderous war have
been lost on certain Western statesmen, who are once again drag-
ging out the notorious Munich policy of inciting German mili-
tarism against the Soviet Union, their recent comrade in arms.
The Facts Are ...
1. The U.S.S.R. established diplomatic relations with Germany in
1923 and assisted in building up a new German war machine which
had been prohibited by the Versailles Treaty after World War I.
2. From 1930 to 1933 the Soviet Union, through its international
Communist arm, the Comintern, directed the German Communist
Party to collaborate with the Nazis and other extremists in undermin-
ing the German Weimar Republic. It helped sabotage democratic
1 The Sov'iet Note on Berlin: An Analysis (Department of State publication
6757), pp.
1-31. Released January 7, 1959. For the text of the Soviet note of November
27, 1958, see
supra, pp. 317 if.
(415)


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