Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Note from the Soviet Union to the United States, on a German peace treaty, March 2, 1959, pp. 383-389 PDF (3.3 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1 9944-59 -383 Note from the Soviet Union to the United States, on a German Peace Treaty, --March 2, 19591 [Unofficial translation] The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics has familiarized itself with the note of the Government of the United States of America of February 16, 1959 and considers it necessary to declare the following. The note of the Government of the United States of America does not give an answer to the concrete proposal of the Soviet Union with regard to the conclusionof a German peace treaty and with regard to the convening for this purpose of a peace conference of the states which took part in the war with Germany, as well as with regard to the normalization of the situation in Berlin. For the solution of these questions, which have cardinal significance for the strengthen- ing of peace in Europe and for the future of the German nation, the Government of the United States of America endeavors to substitute statements concerning the desirability of an examination by the four powers, "of the German problem in all its aspects" and does not ad- vance on its part any proposals on the essence of the problem. The very.raising of the question of Germany in this note speaks of the lack of desire to consider either the situation in fact which has arisen in Germany or the demands of common sense. If 14 years ago Germany, although divided into-zones, remained a country with one social structure, then' today two German states exist which have developed in different directions. The governments of the Wester'n powers, if they in actuality" arestriving toward a settlement of the German question on a workable basis, cannot close their eyes to this fact, especially since it was they who were the first to create the West German state. .Having taken from the very beginning of, the occupation a course toward the division of Goermany,the United States of America,'Eng- land and France at the same time were preparing. the rearmament of the West German state created by -them. Thus they discarded '.the Potsdam agreement, imbued with the ideas of the eradication of German militarism from which the'peoples of Europe had suffered at the price of incredible sacrifices and losses. As subsequent events have shown, their chief concern was the drawing of Western Germ-any into their military grouping. The participation of the Federal Re- public of Germany in NATO permitted it to start openly the forma- tion of the Bundeswehr and to 'demand the arming: of it with atomic-missile armament. Pecisel'y as the result of the policy of rearmament and encouragement of the, militaristic forces of Western Germany, it is again necessary for the, European peoples to live under conditions of. worry and alarm concerning their future. Another independent German state-the German Democratic Re- public-chose for itself a course of peace and social progress. Here there are no grounds for the revival of militarism and the carrying out of a policy of aggression and revenge. The government of the German Democratic Republic has refrained from carrying out mili- tary conscription and the formation of a mass army. The contrast 1 Department of State Bulletin, April 13, 1i,59, pp. 508-511. The United States replied on March 26, 1959 (infra).
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