Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Note from the American Embassy to the Soviet Foreign Ministry, protesting detention of a United States Army Convoy, February 4, 1959, pp. 380-381 PDF (848.5 KB)
380 DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 We made the, Korean Armistice which ended the hostilities in Korea. We participated in the Geneva Conference of 1954 which brought to an end the hostilities in Indochina. We have sought, and still seek in our Warsaw talks with the Chinese Communnists, to assure that in the Taiwan area force should not be relied upon by either side to bring about the reunification of China. And the Government of the Republic of China last October declared principal reliance on peaceful means, and not the use of force, for restoring freedom to the peo~ple on the mainland. We have joined with the Soviet Unon in concluding the Austrian State Treaty which liberated Austria. We have made, a year ago, an agreement for cultural and scientific exchanges with the Soviet Union. We have met with the Soviet Union at the Summit and indicated a readiness to do so again. But the Soviet Union broke off the nego- tiations for such a meeting last June when it was made clear we would feel free to talk about some subjects that they disliked. We are negotiating in good faith for a controlled discontinuance of the testing of nuclear weapons. We have indicated our readiness to discuss the interrelated prob- lems of Berlin, German reunification, and European security. But so far the Soviet Union insists that we shall only talk about a change in the status of West Berlin-not East Berlin-and about a peace treaty which would be made with the two Germanies and perpetuate the partition of Germany. The principles of our policy were first announced in 1947. That policy is based, first of all, on our hope of achieving a just peace and on firmness in opposing aggression. Ever since that time the Ameri- can people and their successive governments have stood by these basic purposes steadfastly and firmly in spite of every kind of provocation. I assure you that we are as alert and vigilant in seeking every reasonable avenue to achieving a better understanding with those who are hostile to us as we are alert and vigilant in maintaining the kind of strength that will convince them of the folly of aggression. As President Eisenhower has repeatedly said, there is nothing that we will not do at any time at any place which holds a reasonable prospect of promoting a just peace. But it would be reckless to beo intimidated, or lured, into measures which far from ending the pres- ent danger would merely increase it. Note from the American Embassy to the Soviet Foreign Ministrg, Protesting Detention of a United States Army Convoy, February 4, 1959'1 The Government of the United States of America draws the urgent attention of the Soviet Government to the unwarranted and inadmis- sible refusal by Soviet authorities of normal transit through the Marienborn Autobahn checkpoint to four two-and-a-half ton trucks and five United States Army personnel charged with their operation. 'Department of State press release 90, February 4, 1959.
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