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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Note from the Soviet Union to the United States, transmitting a draft peace treaty for Germany, January 10, 1959,   pp. 350-370 PDF (8.7 MB)

Page 350

proposals [i.e., theW'estern proposals for free all-German elections
and free decisions for all-German Government], or of any other pro-
posals genuinely designed to insure the reunification of Germany in-
freedom, in any appropriate forum. It regards the' solution of the
German problem as essential if a lasting settlement in- Europe is to be
achieved'. The Soviet Union has not yet seen fit to reply to this note.
.Public repudiation of solemn engagements, formally entered into,
and repeatedly reaffirmed, coupled with an ultimatum threatening
unilateral action to iimplement that repudiation unless it be acquiesced
in within six months, would afford no reasonable basis for negotiation
between sovereign states. The Government of the United States could
not embark on discussions with the Soviet Union upon these questions;
under menace or ultimatum; indeed, if that were intended, the United'
States would be obliged immediately to raise a protest in the strongest-
terms. Hence, it is assumed that this is not the purpose of the Soviet
note of November 27 and that the Soviet Government, like itself, is,
ready to enter into discussions in an atmosphere devoid of coercioni
or-threats. -
On this basis, the United States Government would be interested to
learn whether the Soviet Government is ready to enter into discussions
between the Four Powers concerned. In that event, it would be the'
object of the Government of the United States to discuss the question
of Berlin in the wider framework of negotiations for a solution of
the German' problem as well as that of European security. They
United StatesX Government would welcome the views of the Soviet--
Government at'an early date.
Note from the Soviet Union to the United States, Transmitting!
a Draft Peace Treaty for Germany, January 10, 19591
[Unofficial translation]
The Soviet Government considers it necessary to draw the attention
of the Government of the United States of America to that entirely
abnormal situation which has arisen as'a consequence of the delayed
solution of one of the most important international postwar prob-
lems-the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany.
While with other states which participated in the Second World
War on the side of Germany peace treaties have already long been
concluded and their development has been established on an inde-
pendent national basis, the German people still do not have'a peace!
treaty, which deprives them of the possibility of realizing their state
sovereignty in full measure and of becoming an equal member in the
family of nations. Furthermore, foreign troops still continue to re-z'
main on the territory of Germany and in some of their units, for-
example in West Berlin, even 'an occupation regime is retained.
The delay of a peace settlement with Germany from year to year
leaves unsettled many questions which affect the interests not only of
Germany but also of countries which took part in the war against
Germany. The lack of a peace treaty with Germany seriously
l Department of State Bulletin, March 9, 1959, pp. 333-343. The United States
on0February 16 1695A (infra).

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