Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Note from the Soviet Union to the United States, transmitting a draft peace treaty for Germany, January 10, 1959, pp. 350-370 PDF (8.7 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, - 1944-59 proposals [i.e., theW'estern proposals for free all-German elections and free decisions for all-German Government], or of any other pro- posals genuinely designed to insure the reunification of Germany in- freedom, in any appropriate forum. It regards the' solution of the German problem as essential if a lasting settlement in- Europe is to be achieved'. The Soviet Union has not yet seen fit to reply to this note. .Public repudiation of solemn engagements, formally entered into, and repeatedly reaffirmed, coupled with an ultimatum threatening unilateral action to iimplement that repudiation unless it be acquiesced in within six months, would afford no reasonable basis for negotiation between sovereign states. The Government of the United States could not embark on discussions with the Soviet Union upon these questions; under menace or ultimatum; indeed, if that were intended, the United' States would be obliged immediately to raise a protest in the strongest- terms. Hence, it is assumed that this is not the purpose of the Soviet note of November 27 and that the Soviet Government, like itself, is, ready to enter into discussions in an atmosphere devoid of coercioni or-threats. - On this basis, the United States Government would be interested to learn whether the Soviet Government is ready to enter into discussions between the Four Powers concerned. In that event, it would be the' object of the Government of the United States to discuss the question of Berlin in the wider framework of negotiations for a solution of the German' problem as well as that of European security. They United StatesX Government would welcome the views of the Soviet-- Government at'an early date. Note from the Soviet Union to the United States, Transmitting! a Draft Peace Treaty for Germany, January 10, 19591 [Unofficial translation] The Soviet Government considers it necessary to draw the attention of the Government of the United States of America to that entirely abnormal situation which has arisen as'a consequence of the delayed solution of one of the most important international postwar prob- lems-the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany. While with other states which participated in the Second World War on the side of Germany peace treaties have already long been concluded and their development has been established on an inde- pendent national basis, the German people still do not have'a peace! treaty, which deprives them of the possibility of realizing their state sovereignty in full measure and of becoming an equal member in the family of nations. Furthermore, foreign troops still continue to re-z' main on the territory of Germany and in some of their units, for- example in West Berlin, even 'an occupation regime is retained. The delay of a peace settlement with Germany from year to year leaves unsettled many questions which affect the interests not only of Germany but also of countries which took part in the war against Germany. The lack of a peace treaty with Germany seriously l Department of State Bulletin, March 9, 1959, pp. 333-343. The United States rep1Ied on0February 16 1695A (infra).
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