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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Address by the Secretary of State Dulles in Berlin, May 8, 1958,   pp. 273-277 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 273

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59              273
The Soviet Government reiterates its proposal on the establishment
in Europe of a zone of aerial inspection to a distance, of 800 kilometers
east and west of the line of demarcation of the armed forces of the
NATO and Warsaw Pact military groups.
As for the proposal for carrying out aerial photography of vast
regions or of the whole territory of the USSR and the USA, this
question cannot be considered apart from measures for easing interna-
tional tension and strengthening trust between states, especially be-
tween the Great Powers. In the present international situation, with
the continuing arms race, which causes international tension as well
as distrust and suspicion in the relations between states, with the "cold
war" casting its black shadow over the whole international situation,
the proposal concerning reciprocal flights over the entire territories of
both countries is unrealistic. The Soviet Government considers, how-
ever, that this step can be carried out at the concluding stage of the
problem of disarmament, that is, when the question concerning the com-
plete ban on atomic and hydrogen weapons, with their elimination from
armaments, concerning the substantial reduction of the armed forces
and armaments of states, and concerning the liquidation of military
bases in foreign territories is settled, that is, when relations of trust
between states are actually established.
*         :   *       *        *        *       *
Address by Secretary of State Dulles in Berlin, May 8,1958'
It is an inspiration to be again in Berlin, for my fourth visit since
the end of World War II.
I was here a few months after the close of hostilities. I then saw
Berlin as a mass of rubble. It seemed that the city was beyond the
possibility of reconstruction. I felt at the time that the plight of
Berlin presented a challenge which was beyond human response. But
that almost unbelievable challenge was in fact met through a display
of human energy and human faith which has few parallels in history.
Then, in 1948, I rode the airlift to Berlin. The Soviet Union was at
that time imposing an economic blockade which it seemed would force
the city to succumb. But the courage and resourcefulness of the peo-
ple of Berlin, and of the free nations which mounted and sustained
the airlift, demonstrated that freedom had a power of resourcefulness
and resilience which the despots had grossly underestimated. Berlin
was not isolated. The attempted blockade was abandoned and Berlin
continued proudly to demonstrate within the captive world the good
fruits of freedom.
I was next here in January 1954 to attend the Four Power Con-
ference which it was hoped would bring about the reunification of
Germany in freedom and the liberation of Austria. We were spurred
in our effort by the tragic events of the preceding June and July when
the workers in East Berlin and the Soviet occupied zone rose in a
rebellion usually known as "June 17". This spontaneous, courageous
and brutally repressed demand by the workers for decent conditions
made it the more urgent that the alien occupation should be ended
and the liberation of Germany accomplished.
'Department of State press release 253, May 8., 1958.

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