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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Remarks at news conference by Secretary of State Dulles, on German reunification and a demilitarized area, May 14, 1957 [extracts],   pp. 203-205 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 203

of the United States, Great Britain, France and the Federal Republic.
This study should provide a common basis for dealing with any new
developments which might have a, bearing on these questions.
The Foreign Minister and the Secretary of State were also
plete agreement that recent developments in the Soviet Union and
Eastern Europe have afforded no basis to the West for lowering its
They shared the view that the maintenance of the strength of
NATO remains as important as ever. Foreign Minister von Brentano
stressed in this regard the determination of the Federal German
Government to proceed as rapidly as possible with building up its
own military strength in order to be able to make its agreed con-
tribution to the Western collective defense system.
The Foreign Minister informed the Secretary of the progress
being made towards the signing of treaties for the creation of a
European Common Market and the establishment of a European
organization with common authority and responsibility in the field
of atomic energy (Euratom). The Foreign Minister and the Secre-
tary were in agreement that early approval and implementation of
these treaties would contribute materiallv to enhancing the close asso-
ciation between Europe and the IUnited States.
The Foreign Minister and the Secretary of State reviewed current
problems in the Middle East. They were in agreement as to the
urgent need for a peaceful solution of these problems in conformity
with the principles of justice and international law. The Secretary of
State welcomed the Foreign Minister's indication of the desire of the
Federal German Government to contribute in whatever ways might be
appropriate to reaching a just and lasting settlement of the problems
of the area.
The Foreign Minister will call on President Eisenhower in the
White House on Thursday morning, March 7.
Remarks at News Conference by Secretary of State Dulles, on
German Reunification and a Demilitarized Area, May 14,1957'
*        *       *       *        *       *       *
Q. Mr. Secretary, what is the policy of the United States with
respect to the creation of a neutralized or demilitarized zone in
Europe based on the Iron Curtain division inside Germany?
A. The policy of the United States is not to accept any procedure
along the lines which you indicate. In the first place, we do not accept
any arrangement which is based upon the present partition of Ger-
many. And there seems to be perhaps some misunderstanding about
the so-called Eden formula, which, as submitted at the Summit Con-
ference, did not involve any demilitarized zone at all. It was, a plan
for reciprocal inspection of what presumably would be militarized
areas. If the areas were demilitarized, then your inspection would
not prove anything as to the capacity of being able to control and
verify your inspection. And the kind of thing that we are talking
about in the first place did not involve any acceptance of the partition
1 Department of State press release 288, May 14, 1957.

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