Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Soviet draft treaty on collective security in Europe, July 20, 1955, pp. 150-152 PDF (1.2 MB)
150 DOCUMENTS OND GERMANY, 1944-59 Soviet Draft Treaty on Collective Security in Europe, July 20, 1955'1 GENERAL EUROPEAN TREATY ON COLLECTIVE SECURITY IN EUROPE (BASIC PRINCIPLES) I. For the purpose of ensuring peace and security and of preventing aggression against any state in Europe, For the purpose of strengthening international cooperation in con- formity with the principles of respect for the independence and sovereignty of states and noninterference in their internal affairs, Striving to achieve concerted efforts by all European states in ensuring collective security in Europe instead of the formation of groupings of some European states directed against other European states, which gives rise to friction and strained relations among na- tions and aggravates mutual distrust, Having in view that the establishment of a system of collective security in Europe would facilitate the earliest possible settlement of the German problem through the unification of Germany on a peaceful and democratic basis, European states, guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations [,1 conclude a General European Treaty on Collective Security in Europe the basic provisions of which are as follows: 1. All European states, irrespective of their social systems, and the United States of America as well, may become parties to the Treaty provided they recognise the purposes and assume the obligations set forth in the Treaty. Pending the formation of a united, peace-loving, democratic Ger- man state, the German Democratic Republic and the German Federal Republic may be parties to the Treaty enjoying equal rights with other parties thereto. It is understood that after the unification of Germany the united German State may be a party to the Treaty under general provisions hereof. The conclusion of the Treaty on Collective Security in Europe shall not affect the competence of the four powers-the U.S.S.R., the U.S.A., the United Kingdom and France-to deal with the German problem, which shall be settled in accordance with decisions pre - viously taken by the Four Powers. 2. The States-parties to the Treaty undertake to refrain from ag- gression against one another and also to refrain from having recourse to the threat or use of force in their international relations and, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, to settle any dis- pute that may arise among them by peaceful means and in such a way as not to endanger international peace and security in Europe. 3. Whenever, in the view of any State-party to the Treaty, there is danger of an armed attack in Europe against one or more of the States-parties to the Treaty, they shall consult one another in order I Ibid., pp. 48 51.
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