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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Note from the American ambassador at Moscow to the Soviet foreign minister, on the remilitarization of East Germany, May 23, 1950,   pp. 67-69 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 67

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59                67
national assembly empowered to frame an all-German constitution.
These elections should be held under international supervision and on
the basis of an electoral law to be agreed between the four Occupying
Powers which would take into account the principles set forth above.
Thle Constituent Assembly when elected should have the sole task of
(rafting a constitution for submission to the German people for
Finally, the Ministers agreed that with the formation of an all-
German government on the basis of the foregoing principles, the Four
Powers should immediately address themselves to a peace settlement.
Note from the American Ambassador at Moscow to the Soviet
Foreign Minister, on the Remilitarization of East Germany, May
I have the honor to express to you the United States Government's
grave concern at a, developmnent in eastern Germany which is already
known to the Government of the Uinion of Soviet Socialist Republics.
There has been created in the part of Germany that is subject to
Soviet control a police force which has, by reason of its military train-
ing arid equipment, the character of an army. This organization is
called the MtIa-in Administration fr(;r Training (IIauptverwaltung Fuer
Ausbildung), and it amounts to about 50,000 men. It is not an ordi-
nary police force, and it does not have ordinary police duties. It
receives basic infantry, artillery, and armored training and is
equipped with military weapons, including machine guns, howitzers,
anti-aircraft cannon, mortars, and tanks. It must be regarded, there-
fore, as a military force.
The Soviet Union has many times expressed its adherence to the
principle of the complete disarmament and demilitarization of Ger-
many. In particular, you will recall the following international
agreements to which the Soviet Government was a party:
A. Joint Report of February 11, 1945, following the Anglo-Soviet-
American Conference in the Crimea:
It is our inflexible purpose to destroy German militarism and
Nazism and to ensure that Germany will never again be able to
disturb the peace of the world. We are determined to disarm
and disband all German armed forces; break up for all time the
German General Staff that has repeatedly contrived the resur-
gence of German militarism; remove or destroy all German mili-
tary equipment; * * *
B. Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany and the Assump-
tion of Supreme Authority by the Allied Powers, signed by General
Eisenhower, Marshal Zhukov, Field Marshal Montgomery and Gen-
eral Tassigny on behalf of their respective Governments on June
The Four Allied Governments will take such steps, including
the complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany, as
they deem requisite for future peace and security.
'Ibid., June 5, 19,50, pp. 918-919. The decision to make this protest resulted
from the
London Conference of Foreign Ministers of the United States, United Kingdom,
and France
held earlier in the month.

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