Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Note from the American ambassador at Moscow to the Soviet foreign minister, on the remilitarization of East Germany, May 23, 1950, pp. 67-69 PDF (1.3 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 67 national assembly empowered to frame an all-German constitution. These elections should be held under international supervision and on the basis of an electoral law to be agreed between the four Occupying Powers which would take into account the principles set forth above. Thle Constituent Assembly when elected should have the sole task of (rafting a constitution for submission to the German people for ratification. Finally, the Ministers agreed that with the formation of an all- German government on the basis of the foregoing principles, the Four Powers should immediately address themselves to a peace settlement. Note from the American Ambassador at Moscow to the Soviet Foreign Minister, on the Remilitarization of East Germany, May 23,19501 I have the honor to express to you the United States Government's grave concern at a, developmnent in eastern Germany which is already known to the Government of the Uinion of Soviet Socialist Republics. There has been created in the part of Germany that is subject to Soviet control a police force which has, by reason of its military train- ing arid equipment, the character of an army. This organization is called the MtIa-in Administration fr(;r Training (IIauptverwaltung Fuer Ausbildung), and it amounts to about 50,000 men. It is not an ordi- nary police force, and it does not have ordinary police duties. It receives basic infantry, artillery, and armored training and is equipped with military weapons, including machine guns, howitzers, anti-aircraft cannon, mortars, and tanks. It must be regarded, there- fore, as a military force. The Soviet Union has many times expressed its adherence to the principle of the complete disarmament and demilitarization of Ger- many. In particular, you will recall the following international agreements to which the Soviet Government was a party: A. Joint Report of February 11, 1945, following the Anglo-Soviet- American Conference in the Crimea: It is our inflexible purpose to destroy German militarism and Nazism and to ensure that Germany will never again be able to disturb the peace of the world. We are determined to disarm and disband all German armed forces; break up for all time the German General Staff that has repeatedly contrived the resur- gence of German militarism; remove or destroy all German mili- tary equipment; * * * B. Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany and the Assump- tion of Supreme Authority by the Allied Powers, signed by General Eisenhower, Marshal Zhukov, Field Marshal Montgomery and Gen- eral Tassigny on behalf of their respective Governments on June 5,1945: The Four Allied Governments will take such steps, including the complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany, as they deem requisite for future peace and security. 'Ibid., June 5, 19,50, pp. 918-919. The decision to make this protest resulted from the London Conference of Foreign Ministers of the United States, United Kingdom, and France held earlier in the month.
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