Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Statement by the Western foreign ministers, on allied rights in Berlin, May 13, 1950, p. 66 PDF (395.1 KB)
66 I)OCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 Statement by the Western Foreign Ministers, on Allied Rights in Berlin, May 13, 19501 TRIPARTITE STATEMENT ON BERLIN The three Western Occupation Powers will continue to uphold their rights in Berlin. They are resolved now as in the past to protect the democratic rights of the inhabitants and will cooperate with the Ger- man authorities to improve to the utmost the economic position of the three Western sectors. Meanwhile the three Governments will continue to seek the reunification of the city in free elections in order that Berlin may take its due place in a free and united Germany. Declaration by the Western Foreign Ministers, on Free Elections, May 14,1950 2 In reaffirming the determination of their Governments to wtork together, in cooperation with the German Federal Governinewit and all like-minded Powers, for the unification of Germany, the three Foreign Ministers agreed that German unity should be achieved on the basis of the following principles: (a) A freely-elected all-German government. (b) Individual freedom of movement, freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention, freedom of association and assembly, free- dom of speech, press and radio throughout Germany. (c) Freedom of action throughout Germany for all democratic political parties. (d) Independence of the judiciary. (e) Prohibition throughout Germany of political secret police and police formations constituting a military force. (f) Assurance of German economic unity through action by a German government on matters such as a unified currency and customs, and through quadripartite agreement on matters such as cessation of reparations from current production, and pro- hibited and limited industries. (g) Surrender and disposal, in accordance with appropriate German legislation, of any industrial enterprise in Germany whose ownership or control was acquired after May 8, 1945 by or on behalf of any foreign Power, unless such acquisition has quadripartite approval and the interest so approved is subjected to German Law. (h) Establishment of quadripartite supervision through a four-Power Commission, exercising its reserve powers in such a way as to permit the German Government to function effectively. The Foreign Ministers further agreed that the first step toward the restoration of German unity should be the holding throughout Germany of free elections to a Constituent Assembly. They, accord- ingly, welcome and endorse the resolution of the German Federal Republic of March 22, 1950, inviting free all-German elections for a Released at London. Ibid., June 26, 1950, p. 1039. 2 Ibid., June 5, 1950, p. 885. A copy of this declaration was transmitted to the Chairman of the Soviet Control Commission on May 25, 1950 (infra).
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