Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Statement by the Department of State on the Malik-Jessup talks, April 26, 1949, pp. 57-59 PDF (1.3 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 U.K. and French delegations. . It was agreed that for the political and economic well-being of the countries of western Europe and of aj democratic Germany there must be a close association of their eco-' nomic life. Since it has not proved possible to achieve economic unity in Germany, and since the eastern zone has been prevented from playing its part in the European Recovery Programme, the three western powers have agreed that close cooperation should be estab- lished among themselves and among the occupation authorities inr western Germany in all matters arising out of the European Recovery Programme in relation to western Germany. Such cooperation is essential if western Germany is to make it full and proper contribu- tion to European recovery. It was also agreed to recommend to the three governments that the combined zone and the French zone should be fully associated in the European Recovery Programme and ade-4 quately represented on any continuing organization. Proposals in this sense will be presented at the forthcoming meeting of the C.E.E.C. Agreement in principle has been reached on recommendations for the association of the Benelux countries, in policy regarding Germany. Consideration was given of all delegations to the establishment of an international control of the Ruhr on which Germany would be repre- sented. The purpose of this international control would be to ensure that the economic resources of this, area should not again be used for the purposes of aggression and that there should be adequate access, to the coal, coke and steel of the Ruhr for the benefit of extensive parts of the European community including Germany. Agreed recommen.- dajtions' in, this respect will be submitted to the governments concerned on the scope and form of this control. A constructive discussion among all the delegations took place on the present situation and the possible evolution of the political and economic organization of IGermany in the combined U;S./U.K. zone, and the French zone. A wide measure of agreement was reached on a number of controversial points. In particular it was agreed that a federal form of government, adequately protecting the rights of the respective states but at the same time providing for adequate control authority, is best adapted for the eventual reestablishment of German unity, at present disrupted. Moreover, in order to facilitate the asso- ciation of western Germany with the European Recovery Programme the three delegations concerned further agreed that prompt action should be taken to coordinate as far as possible the economic policies of the three zones, in such matters as -foreign and inter-zonal trade, customs, and freedom of movement for persons and goods. Statement by the Department of State on the Malik-Jessup Talks, April 26, 1949 ' INFORMAL CONVERSATIONS ON BERLIN BLOCKADE Since the imposition by the Soviet Government of the blockade of the city of Berlin the three Western Governments have consistently sought to bring about the lifting of that blockade on terms consistent I Department of State Bulletin, May 8, 1949, pp. 5,90-591.
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