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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Statement by the Department of State on the Malik-Jessup talks, April 26, 1949,   pp. 57-59 PDF (1.3 MB)


Page 57

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59
U.K. and French delegations. . It was agreed that for the political
and economic well-being of the countries of western Europe and of aj
democratic Germany there must be a close association of their eco-'
nomic life. Since it has not proved possible to achieve economic
unity in Germany, and since the eastern zone has been prevented from
playing its part in the European Recovery Programme, the three
western powers have agreed that close cooperation should be estab-
lished among themselves and among the occupation authorities inr
western Germany in all matters arising out of the European Recovery
Programme in relation to western Germany. Such cooperation is
essential if western Germany is to make it full and proper contribu-
tion to European recovery. It was also agreed to recommend to the
three governments that the combined zone and the French zone should
be fully associated in the European Recovery Programme and ade-4
quately represented on any continuing organization. Proposals in
this sense will be presented at the forthcoming meeting of the C.E.E.C.
Agreement in principle has been reached on recommendations for
the association of the Benelux countries, in policy regarding Germany.
Consideration was given of all delegations to the establishment of an
international control of the Ruhr on which Germany would be repre-
sented. The purpose of this international control would be to ensure
that the economic resources of this, area should not again be used for
the purposes of aggression and that there should be adequate access, to
the coal, coke and steel of the Ruhr for the benefit of extensive parts
of the European community including Germany. Agreed recommen.-
dajtions' in, this respect will be submitted to the governments concerned
on the scope and form of this control.
A constructive discussion among all the delegations took place on
the present situation and the possible evolution of the political and
economic organization of IGermany in the combined U;S./U.K. zone,
and the French zone. A wide measure of agreement was reached on a
number of controversial points. In particular it was agreed that a
federal form of government, adequately protecting the rights of the
respective states but at the same time providing for adequate control
authority, is best adapted for the eventual reestablishment of German
unity, at present disrupted. Moreover, in order to facilitate the asso-
ciation of western Germany with the European Recovery Programme
the three delegations concerned further agreed that prompt action
should be taken to coordinate as far as possible the economic policies
of the three zones, in such matters as -foreign and inter-zonal trade,
customs, and freedom of movement for persons and goods.
Statement by the Department of State on the Malik-Jessup Talks,
April 26, 1949 '
INFORMAL CONVERSATIONS ON BERLIN BLOCKADE
Since the imposition by the Soviet Government of the blockade of
the city of Berlin the three Western Governments have consistently
sought to bring about the lifting of that blockade on terms consistent
I Department of State Bulletin, May 8, 1949, pp. 5,90-591.


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