Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
London communiqué on Germany, by the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Benelux Countries, March 6, 1948, pp. 56-57 PDF (926.1 KB)
MD DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 London Communique" on Germany, by the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Benelux Countries, March 6, 19481. LONDON SIX-POWER CONFERENCE The informal discussions of German problems which began in Lon- don on 23rd February between the representatives of the United States, United Kingdom and France, and as from February 26th with the representatives of the Benelux countries, went into recess today. At the request of the other delegations, the meetings were held under the chairmanship of the U.K. representative, Sir William Strang. - The U.S. and French delegations were led by Mr. Douglas and M. Massigli, the U.S. and French Ambassadors in London. At the first meeting it was agreed to invite the Benelux countries to take part, on an equal footing, in the discussions of all items on the agenda, except those dealing with administrative matters which are the direct responsibility of the occupying powers controlling the three occupied areas. The chief representatives of the Benelux delegation were Jonkheer Michiels van Verduynen, the Netherlands Ambassador, Vi- comte Obert de Thiesieus, the Belgian Ambassador, and M. Claessen, the Luxembourg Minister. Important progress has been made and it has been decided that these discussions will be resumed during April for the purpose of reaching conclusions on the remaining question, so that the delegations may be in a position to submit to their governments, at the end of the next session, their recommendations over the whole field. In the mean- time various aspects of certain of these problems will be the subject of more detailed examinations. The continuous failure of the Council of Foreign Ministers to reach quadripartite agreement has created a situation in Germany which if permitted to continue, would have increasingly unfortunate consequences for western Europe. It was therefore necessary that urgent political and economic problems arising out of this situation in Germany should be solved. The participating powers had in view the necessity of ensuring the economic reconstruction of western Europe including Germany, and of establishing a basis for the par- ticipation of a democratic Germany in the community of free peoples. While delay in reaching these objectives can no 'longer be accepted, ultimate Four Power agreement is in no way precluded. The various items on the, agenda were the subject of a detailed study, with the exception of security questions, which were given preliminary examination and will be considered in detail upon resum- ing the discussion. Similarly discussion of territorial questions will be held over until the next session. Discussions took place among the U.S., U.K., and French delega.- tions on certain limited aspects of the question of reparations from Germany relating to internal policy in the Zones for which they are responsible as occupying powers. The relationship of western Germany under the occupying powers to the European Recovery Programme was also discussed by the U.S., I The London six-power conference was held February 2,-June 2, 194,8,. Te'xt of March 6 communique from ibid., pp. 75-76. See also Marshal Sokolovsky's statements at the Allied Control Council on March 20, 1948 (The Soviet Union and the Berlin Question (Document8) (Moscow, 1.94,8), pp. 18-20).
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