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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

London communiqué on Germany, by the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Benelux Countries, March 6, 1948,   pp. 56-57 PDF (926.1 KB)

Page 56

MD            DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59
London Communique" on Germany, by the United States, the
United Kingdom, France, and the Benelux Countries, March 6,
The informal discussions of German problems which began in Lon-
don on 23rd February between the representatives of the United
States, United Kingdom and France, and as from February 26th with
the representatives of the Benelux countries, went into recess today.
At the request of the other delegations, the meetings were held
under the chairmanship of the U.K. representative, Sir William
Strang. - The U.S. and French delegations were led by Mr. Douglas
and M. Massigli, the U.S. and French Ambassadors in London. At
the first meeting it was agreed to invite the Benelux countries to take
part, on an equal footing, in the discussions of all items on the agenda,
except those dealing with administrative matters which are the direct
responsibility of the occupying powers controlling the three occupied
areas. The chief representatives of the Benelux delegation were
Jonkheer Michiels van Verduynen, the Netherlands Ambassador, Vi-
comte Obert de Thiesieus, the Belgian Ambassador, and M. Claessen,
the Luxembourg Minister.
Important progress has been made and it has been decided that these
discussions will be resumed during April for the purpose of reaching
conclusions on the remaining question, so that the delegations may be
in a position to submit to their governments, at the end of the next
session, their recommendations over the whole field. In the mean-
time various aspects of certain of these problems will be the subject of
more detailed examinations.
The continuous failure of the Council of Foreign Ministers to
reach quadripartite agreement has created a situation in Germany
which if permitted to continue, would have increasingly unfortunate
consequences for western Europe. It was therefore necessary that
urgent political and economic problems arising out of this situation in
Germany should be solved. The participating powers had in view
the necessity of ensuring the economic reconstruction of western
Europe including Germany, and of establishing a basis for the par-
ticipation of a democratic Germany in the community of free peoples.
While delay in reaching these objectives can no 'longer be accepted,
ultimate Four Power agreement is in no way precluded.
The various items on the, agenda were the subject of a detailed
study, with the exception of security questions, which were given
preliminary examination and will be considered in detail upon resum-
ing the discussion. Similarly discussion of territorial questions will
be held over until the next session.
Discussions took place among the U.S., U.K., and French delega.-
tions on certain limited aspects of the question of reparations from
Germany relating to internal policy in the Zones for which they are
responsible as occupying powers.
The relationship of western Germany under the occupying powers
to the European Recovery Programme was also discussed by the U.S.,
I The London six-power conference was held February 2,-June 2, 194,8,. Te'xt
of March
6 communique from ibid., pp. 75-76. See also Marshal Sokolovsky's statements
at the
Allied Control Council on March 20, 1948 (The Soviet Union and the Berlin
(Document8) (Moscow, 1.94,8), pp. 18-20).

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