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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Stuttgart address by Secretary of State Byrnes, September 6, 1946,   pp. 35-42 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 35

which the American as well as the entire Allied interest is less than
substantial, the U. S. expects adequate, effective, and prompt com-
3. Current Production. While the U. S. does not oppose reparation
out of current production of Allied investments, the satellite must
provide immediate and adequate compensation to the Allied nationals
including sufficient foreign exchange or products so that they can re-
cover reasonable foreign currency expenditures and transfer a reason-
able return on their investment. Such compensation must also have
equal priority with reparations.
We deem it essential that the satellites not conclude treaties, agree-
ments or arrangements which deny to Allied nationals access, on equal
terms, to their trade, raw materials and industry, and appropriately
modify any existing arrangements which may have that effect.
Stuttgart Address by Secretary of State Byrnes, September 6,
I have come to Germany to learn at first hand the problems involved
in the reconstruction of Germany and to discuss with our representa-
tives the views of the United States Government as to some of the
problems confronting us.
We in the United States have given considerable time and attention
to these problems because upon their proper solution will depend not
only the future well-being of Germany but the future well-being of
We have learned, whether we like it or not, that we live in one world
from which world we cannot isolate ourselves. We have learned that
peace and well-being are indivisible and that our peace and well-being
cannot be purchased at the price of the peace or the well-being of any
other country.
I hope that the German people will never again make the mistake of
believing that because the American people are peace-loving they will
sit back hoping for peace if any nation uses force or the threat of force
to acquire dominion over other peoples and other governments.
In 1917 the United States was forced into the first World War.
After that war we refused to join the League of Nations. We thought
we could stay out of Europe's wars, and we lost interest in the affairs
of Europe. That did not keep us from being forced into a second
world war.
We will not again make that mistake. We intend to continue our
interest in the affairs of Europe and of the world. We have helped
to organize the United Nations. We believe it will stop aggressor na-
tions from starting wars. Because we believe it, we intend to support
the United Nations organization with all the power and resources we
The American people want peace. They have long since ceased
to talk of a hard or a soft peace for Germany. This never has been
1 Germany, 1947-1949: The Story in Document8 (Department of S~tate publication

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