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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Allied statement on control machinery in Germany, June 5, 1945,   pp. 18-20 PDF (1.1 MB)

Page 18

This Declaration enters into force and effect at the date and hour
set forth below. In the event of failure on the part of the German
authorities or people promptly and completely to fulfil their obliga-
tions hereby or hereafter imposed, the Allied Representatives will
take whatever action may be deemed by them to be appropriate under-
the circumstances.
This Declaration is drawn up in the English, Russian, French and
German languages. The English, Russian and French are the only-
authentic texts.
June 5,1 945 1
Allied Statement on Zones of Occupation in Germany, June 5,
1945 2
1. Germany, within her frontiers as they were on 31st December,
1937, will, for the purposes of occupation, be divided into four zones,
one to be allotted to each Power as follows:
an eastern zone to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics;
a north-western zone to the United Kingdom;
a south-western zone to the United States of America;
a western zone to France.
The occupying forces in each zone will be under a Commander-in-Chief
designated by the responsible Power. Each of the four Powers may,
at its discretion, include among the forces assigned to occupation duties
under the command of its Commander-in-Chief, auxiliary contingents
from the forces of any other Allied Power which has actively partici-
pated in military operations against Germany.
2. The area of "Greater Berlin" will be occupied by forces of each
of the four Powers. An Inter-Allied Governing Authority (in Russian,
Komendatura) consisting of four Commandants, appointed by their
respective Commanders-in-Chief, will be established to direct jointly-
its administration.
Allied Statement on Control Machinery in Germany, June 5,19458
1. In the period when Germany is carrying out the basic require-
ments of unconditional surrender, supreme authority in Germany will
be exercised, on instructions from their Governments, by the Soviet,
British, United States, and French Commanders-in-Chief, each in his
own zone of occupation, and also jointly, in matters affecting Germany
as a whole. The four Commanders-in-Chief will together constitute
the Control Council. Each Commander-in-Chief will be assisted by-
a political adviser.
1 Signed at 1800 hours, Berlin time, by Dwight D. Eisenhower, General of
the Army,
USA; Zhukov, Marshal of the Soviet Union; B. L. Montgomery, Field Marshal,
Great Bri-
tain; De Lattre de Tassigny, Gfntral d'Armde, French Provisional Government.
in original.]
P Senate Document No. 123, 81st Congress, 1st session, A Decade of American
Policy: Basic Documents (Washington, 19,0), p. 512.
3 Ibid., pp. 512-513.

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