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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884

Reports of agents in Oregon,   pp. 141-153 PDF (6.3 MB)

Page 141

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN         OREGON.                141 
need of a good physician, as there are none among them, and many of them
are un- 
able to pay doctor's bills and consequently they get but little medical treatment.
The statistical report, so far as I have been able to make it, is inclosed
For thecourtesies extended towards me from your Department during the last
I shall ever feel grateful. 
I am your obedient servant, 
Agent North Carolina Cherokees. 
August 19, 1884. 
SIR: In conformity with instructions from the Department, I have the honor
to sub- 
mit this my thirteenth annual report. 
The Indians of this agency for the past year have been peaceable, quiet,
and as a 
Tule, industrious. These Indians no longer live, two or more families huddled
gether in one hut, as they once did. But each individual family lives in
their own 
house, upon the small tract of land allotted to them, which they cultivate
and im- 
prove to the best of their ability, and in a manner that would do credit
to any com- 
munity. All of the Indians of this agency wear citizens' dress, and make
a commend. 
able effort to conform to the customs of life and mode of living of the white
with whom they sometimes work. Many of them are experts in the management
farm machinery and frequently get jobs through harvest from whites outside
reserve. A few of them own threshers, reapers, and mowers, which they run
at their 
own expense and for their own benefit. These Indians are purely an agricultural
,stock-raising people. There are a few head of young horses on the reserve,
owned by 
Indians that are as good as any in the country. Their small bands of cattle
are of 
such quality that they are sought by the Portland and Salem markets. If a
young stallion for breeding purposes could be allowed these Indians the result
be that the pony would be, in a few years, replaced by a good serviceable
farm horse. 
I feel confident that when the land embraced in this reservation is surveyed
allotted to the Indians, as contemplated by the letter of the honorable Commissioner
of Indian Affairs to the honorable Secretary of the Interior, under date
of 16th No- 
vember, 1883, that they will by their industry improve the same, and by their
and economy soon become an important element in the community. 
The yield and quality of the Indians' crops will be much better this than
last year. 
The condition of, and operations at, this agency for the year past has not
changed from former years, but gradually improve each year. The mechanics
in the 
shops and the miller and sawyer have all been busy in their respecti-ve positions
ing the entire year. The agricultural pursuits of these Indians require the
employment of one blacksmith and one carpenter to keep the Indians' plows,
wagons, and other farm implements in repair, thereby assisting them in sowing
harvesting their crop. From the mills they are aided to the extent of having
grain ground into flour, and such saw-logs as they may cut and haul to the
mill sawed 
into lumber, with which they build houses, barns, fences, and otherwise improve
The agency physician is quite busy all the time attending to the sick, as
the influ- 
ence of the native medicine man is a thing of the past. The sick are at once
to the physician; he informs me that the efforts .made by the Indians to
follow his 
instructions in the manner of attnding the sick will-compare favorably with
that of 
white people. 
The school at this agency is this, as it was last, year under the management
of the 
Catholic Sisters of the Benedictine Order, whose efficiency and untiring
zeal in the 
work is resulting in much good to the Indians in general, and to their pupils
cially. I have every reason to believe that the school will continue to increase
in num- 
ber of pupils in attendance and efficiency of the work accomplished. 
The missionary work of this agency is under the supervision of Rev. Father
who has devoted his entire tiue and energies for the spiritual and moral
benefit of 
the Indians of this agency. Each year the reverend father makes frequent
-visits to the Indians on the coast, aml also to those of his faith who are
residents of 
.Siletz Agency, for the last twenty-two years. 
I respectfully call attention to the condition of the public building at
this agency. 
With but two exceptions, the buildings for use of the service at this agency
are by 
reason of decay unfit for the purposes for which they were originally designed.
dwelling houses for einploy(!s, shop, and barns are almnost untenable. Attention
respectfully called to my estimate of funds, and letter of transmission dated
8th Jan- 
.ary, 1884, in reference to the subject of public buildings at this agency.

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