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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Report of Hampton school,   pp. 165-179 PDF (8.0 MB)


Page 165

REPORT    OF HAMPTON       SCHOOL.                   165 
summated outside the tribes, and we have a train of influences which must
deteriorate 
and weaken and establish predispositions which very slight exciting causes
develop 
into fatal terminations. 
In regard to the mortality rate of the camp Indians, there is no doubt but
that the 
statistics are very imperfect; many bands and parts of tribes are far removed
from 
the observation of the agency physicians, and many tribes are loath to report
the 
deaths through superstition and for various other reasons. 
In comparing our death rate with the figures as given in the Commissioner's
report, 
I would mention the fact that in some instances the weakly and to their people
the 
worthless children are sent to school. In this connection I would recommend
that 
hereafter all pupils be submitted to a thorough examination, as suggested
by the 
appended list of questions, before leaving their reservations. 
I believe the half-day work and half-day school plan productive of the greatest
possible good to these pupils, both mentally and physically. I most heartily
indorse 
the planting-out system as inaugurated and practiced in this school. It furnishes
the pupils an opportunity of obtaining a knowledge of domestic life and of
civilized 
industry which they cannot get in the school. It is the most satisfactory
test of char- 
acter to which they could be subjected, as well as giving them the advantage
of a 
varied and nutritious diet in connection with regular physical exercise,
thereby very 
much enhancing their chances of overcoming any hereditary weaknesses. .J
regard the 
sanitary conditions of the school good. It is no doubt largely due to the
sedulous 
care taken in this respect that we have escaped some of the epidemics which
have 
prevailed in the community around us. 
Respectfully, 
0. G. GIVEN, 
School Physician. 
Capt. R. H. PRATT. 
Health examination of applicant to be entered as pupil in the Carlisle School.
Name,;sex, -            ; tribe, - ; age, 
Examined at    , this -  day of - , 18-. 
Father's name, 
Living?-* state of health,     dead?-     cause, 
Mother's name, 
Living?-   ; ;tate of health,  dead?.--; cause. 
Eyesight,    ; hearing, 
Any disease of stomach?---; bowels? -   kidneys? 
Any cough ?--; any spitting of blood? --. 
Any skin disease? --; any suppurating glands?  . 
Any scrofula? 
Ever had fits?    ever had syphilis? 
Ever had severe sickness? - ; nature, 
Ever received an injury? --  ;ruptured? 
I certify that 1 have personally examined the person above named with the
results shown. 
Agency Physician. 
HAMPTON NORMAL AND AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE, 
Hampton, Va., October 1, 1883. 
SIn: I have the honor to report as -follows on the work for Indians at this
institu- 
tion during the school and fiscal year closing July 1, 1883, and to make
statements in 
connection therewith on the general Indian question : 
Permit me to state, introductorily, that, fifteen years ago, this school
opened with 
15 negro students and 2 teachers.  Thei-e have been this year 578 studerits
and 35 
teachers, besides officers; and the "plant," unincumbered, is valued
at $350,000. 
Until 1878, negroes only were almitted.  In that year it become our unmistakable
duty to receive 17 captive Indians, who, under the care of Capt. R. H. Pratt,
U. S. A., 
had changed from the worst of savages to well-disposed men eager for education,
for 
whom no place was so suitable as Hampton, because of its industrial teaching.
This, 
and all like schools in the South had been founded on the principle of admission
for 
all,  1"without regard for race or color or previous condition of servitude."
This hos- 
pitality to a few red men has resulted, not only in an increase to 109 Indians,
but in 
the great work of Captain Pratt at Carlisle, Pa., to which this was an essential
step- 
ping-stone ; in a new and hopeful public sentiment, a fresh departure in
Indian cdui- 
cation, and in a new demonstration of the Indians' capacity, with proper
opportuni- 
ties, to become good citizens. 
Whatever their failures, they are found to be not from innate causes but
from 
surrounding influences. So hopelessly seems the latter against them, that
many 
despair of success ; but is it not a little gain to feel that the red race
is capable in 


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