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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Report of agent in Iowa,   pp. 90-91 PDF (1.0 MB)


Page 90

90                   REPORT OF AGENT IN        IOWA. 
CROPS. 
The crops of corn, cotton, wheat, and oats are very fine, and are produced
entirely, 
or nearly so, on the bottoms along the streams. The uplands are good for
grazing 
only. The crops are raised by white renters mostly, who rent farms from the
Indians 
on the same terms that land is leased in the States. Under their own laws
an Indian 
is entitled to all the lands he will fence, or have fenced; consequently
nearly every 
Indian can have a farm without much exertion on his part. Horses, cattle,
hogs, 
cotton, pecans, and furs are the chief articles of export. 
SCHOOLS. 
Each of these nations has a public-school system similar to those of the
States, and 
holds teachers' institutes at its capitol annually. 
The settlements are so very far apart that schools can be established only
at those 
localities where ten or more scholars can be got together. The neighborhood
builds 
the house and the nation furnish teachers and books. Most of the teachers
are edu- 
cated Indians, who teach the English only in the schools. In addition to
the neigh- 
borhood schools, as they are called, each nation has academies and seminaries,
all 
boarding schools, for their children only. The Cherokees have two fine 4eminaries,
that have been in operation for years. They are managed and operated by Chero-
kees. The Choctaws have three large academies, one under the management of
the 
Methodist Church South, and the other two by the Presbyterian Missionary
Board. 
The Chickasaws have four academies, conducted by contractors, who are citizens
of 
the Chickasaw Nation. The Seminoles have two, one under the management of
the 
Methodist Church South, the other by the Presbyterian Missionary Board, the
nation 
paying the managers about $80 per annum for each pupil boarded, clothed,
and edu- 
cated. The Creeks have four seminaries, one under the management of each
of the 
following religious societies: The Methodist Church South, Southern Baptist,
Presby- 
terian, and Baptist Home Missionary Societies, the latter school for Creek
freedmen. 
In addition to the above there are a number of "pay schools." These
are schools 
established by private enterprise and students paying tuition, except in
cases where 
individuals or societies in the States pay tuition for certain students.
These schools 
receive no support from the nation. Worcester Academy, at Vinita, under the
super- 
vision of the Congregational society, erected during the last year by funds
subscribed 
by citizens of the Cherokee Nation, is one of the best in the Territory,
and had about 
100 students during the last year. Iarrell Institute, at Muskogee, managed
by the 
Methodist Church South, has about 150 students, and will erect a fine academy
build- 
ing during the fall. Indian University, at Tah-le-quah, managed by the Baptist
Home 
Missionary Society, will be removed to Muskogee during the fall and a $12,000
build- 
ing erected. The Presbyterian school for girls at Muskogee are erecting a
building for 
boarding-ball, and will open school in September. The schools managed by
religious 
societies, either as pay schools or under contract with the nations, are
the most suc- 
cessful 
RECOMMENDATIONS. 
I respectfully recommend that proper steps be taken to secure passage of
laws pro- 
viding for imprisonment of intruders who return after being removed; for
punish- 
ment for stealing coal and timber from the reservations; for establishing
a United 
States court within the Territory, as the treaty provides; for increasing
the pay and 
number of police, and for payment of the principal to the Indians who receive
per 
capita payment. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
JNO. Q. TUFTS, 
United States Indian Agent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
SAC AND FOX AGENCY, 
Tama County, Iowa, August 15, 1883. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following as my fifth annual report of
the 
condition and progress of the Indians under my charge. 
The Fox or Musquakie tribe of Indians, are located in Tama County, Iowa,
where 
they have livedl for over thirty years, surrounded by a large population
of white 
people. They now own about 1,340 acres, having recently purchased 365 acres,
at a 
cost of $13,000, taken from their annuity funds. This tract of land is about
one-third 
timber, and the balance good grazing and farming land, though subject to
overflow 
in timt. of high water. It is owned in common, and held in trust by the governor
of 
the State of Iowa. Individual Indians, however, own 85 acres in their own
right, 
making a total of 1,425 (at a cost of $28,000), which is all fenced with
wire and boards. 


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