University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Reports of agents in Indian territory,   pp. 60-90 PDF (14.9 MB)


Page 60

60            REPORTS OF AGENTS IN INDIAN TERRITORY. 
CHEYENNE AND ARAPAHO AGENCY, 
Darlington, Ind. Ter., August 16, 1883. 
Siu: I have the honor to submit this my twelfth annual report of the condition
of 
this agency. 
POPULATION. 
The following table will acquaint you with the census of the Indians comprising
this agency, the last enrollment having been made on the second of July.
Name of tribe.                    Men.     Women.    Children. Total. 
Southern Cheyennes in camp............................  791      908    
 1, 965  3, 664 
Southern Arapahoes in camp ............................  535      541   
  1, 074  2,150 
Northern Cheyennes in camp ............................  106      126   
   159     391 
Northern Arapahoes in camp ............................ 9          7    
    12      28 
Cheyennes in agency school.........................................-    
   96      96 
Arapahoes in  agency school ............................. ".........
............  90  90 
Arapahoes in Mennonite mission school..................................914
          14 
Arapahoes in Carlisle school....... ....................................
    19      19 
Cheyennes in Carlisle school........................................... 
    26      26 
Cheyennes in Fort Wayne (Ind) College..................................1
             1 
Cheyennes in school at West Branch, Iowa..........................      
     8       8 
Arapahoes in school at West Branch, Iowa...............................-
    7       7 
Arapahoes in school at Lawrence, Kans...................................
     2       2 
Total .............................................. 
Less Northern Cheyennes and Arapahoes transferred to 
Pine Ridge Agency ................................... 
1,441 1,582                 3,473      6,496 
103            109           145        357 
Total belonging to agency .........................  1, 338  1,473 1  3,
328  6,139 
The above table shows a decrease in members from that reported last year.
This 
is due to error in previous enrollments and not to a decrease of Indians,
for I believe 
the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians are holding their own. In every quarterly
enrollment the number of births is almost equal to the deaths, thus keeping
the total 
number of Indians at the agency about the same. 
CHEYENNES. 
During the past year these Indians have attained an advanced stage of civilization
and industry compared with their previous life. They are camp Indians in
almost 
every sense, but the majority of them are now using bedsteads, tables, stoves,
and 
other household conveniences in their teepes, and not a few have abandoned
the teepe 
for more permanent structures. Many of them have built house-frames with
wood 
floors, while over the frames they have stretched their canvas, thus making
a very 
neat and comfortable house. They are industrious and energetic, and give
evidence 
of a true desire to engage in some employment that is sufficiently remunerative
to 
aid in their support. Applications are made almost daily by these Indians
to be 
employed as laborers or as teamsters, or at anything that will bring them
a return 
in cash. 
They have increased their herds of cattle gradually until some individuals
have 
quite respectable numbers, and are as careful of them as a white man would
be. Many 
have a very few heads, which will in a few years increase, and if properly
managed 
convince them that it is by far better to let their cattle graze on the lands
they possess 
than to kill and eat them, with no provision for the future. 
While they are entitled to credit for their efforts in stock-raising, they
have done 
very little farming the past year. This is due not to any dislike or carelessness
on 
their part, but rather to past experience, their previous attempts having
proven 
almost entire failures. 
ARAPAHOES. 
What has been said of the Cheyennes regarding the adoption of certain civilized
customs and industries is also true of the Arapahoes. These Indians have
for a num- 
ber of years led the Cheyennes in farming and stock-raising. The leading
members 
of this tribe are located in the rich bottoms of the North and Main Canadian
Rivers, 
from 10 to 50 miles from the agency, and are there being quite successful
in agricult- 
ure and stock-raising. Powder Face, Left-Hand, and others of the leading
men have 
herds to-day which for grade of cattle and amount of care extended are surpassed


Go up to Top of Page