University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879
([1879])

Reports of agents in California,   pp. 8-15 PDF (4.2 MB)


Page 8

8                REPORTS OF AGENTS IN          CALIFORNIA. 
sheep, about 200 head; mules and asses, about 50 head of each. The horses
are largely 
of an inferior and almost -valueless breed. 
EDUCATION. 
No school is in progress at this agency. There is no building for the purpose,
or that 
can be converted into a school-house. 
MISSIONARY WORK. 
Although this agency is, as I am informed, under the charge of a religious
body, no 
minister of the gospel has ever been sent here to labor. 
SANITARY. 
The sanitary condition of the Indians is not satisfactory. Syphilis prevails
quite ex- 
tensively in nearly all the tribes, especially the Mojaves, Yums, Tontos,
San Carlos, 
and White Mountains. It was brought here by the Mojaves and Yumds from the
Verde Reservation. Hospital facilities are much needed. 
SUPPLIES. 
Hospital supplies are at present abundant and of good quality. Flour was
scarce in 
June and the fore part of July. The first delivery on the contract of 1879-'80
was 
made July 18, and was an inferior article-very dark and coarse. The beef
contractor 
was on hand with cattle to put in on his contract at the beginning of the
fiscal year. 
POLICE. 
The police, as now organized, consists of 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 7 sergeants,
and 31 pri- 
vates. The men are very attentive to their duties, trustworthy and obedient.
The 
slightest violation of order that comes within their knowledge is invariably
reported; 
they are ever on the alert.  The agent can exert his authority, through them,
in any 
part of the reservation, and feel assured that his orders will be strictly
enforced. They 
know neither family nor friend in the discharge of their duty. 
In conclusion, I regret that my limited knowledge of affairs here, having
been so 
short a time in charge, precludes any attempt on my part to review the doings
of the 
past year, or show wherein improvement has been made, or the reverse. 
Yery respectfully, your obedient servant, 
ADNA R. CHAFFEE, 
Captain,' Sixth Cavalry, Acting Indian Agent. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
HOOPA AGENCY, CALIFORNIA, 
Augu8t 1, 1879. 
SIR: In compliance with your circular letter of June 18, 1879, I have the
honor to 
submit my annual report of this agency. 
I assumed charge of the agency October 22, 1878, and found the reservation
in an ut- 
terly destitute condition, a former agentMr. J. L. Broaddus, having sacrificed
at auc- 
tion, or removed, all the agricultural implements, the bellows, forge, anvil,
tools, and 
iron from the blacksmith-shop; the ferry-boat and wire-rope by which it was
run, fur- 
niture, stoves, and in fact almost everything necessary for the well-being
of the In- 
dians under my care. I found eight horses and mules, generally between twenty
and 
thirty years of age, and almost worthless. One mule died, aged twenty-four
years. 
Three mules and two horses or mares were condemned and sold, and in lieu
thereof 
I have received from Round Valley Agency two horses, two mares, and two mules,
all 
of which are well along in years, though they have not quite reached the
age of 
twenty. 
I found the grist-mill beyond repair, and the saw-mill, flume, and penstock
in a very 
dilapidated condition. Wifh new belting and machinery, supplied in April
last, I have 
been able to secure 2,000 feet of lumber, which has been used in general
repairs. Both 
mills should be rebuilt together to be run by one water-pressure, concentrating
the 
working force at one point, especially as it is necessary only to run each
mill a portion 
of the year. 


Go up to Top of Page