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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875

Reports of agents in Nevada,   pp. 336-343 PDF (4.1 MB)

Page 336

336                 REPORTS OF AGENTS IN           NEVADA. 
decrease is owing to their selling out and removing. There is an increase
on each of the. 
other reservations. 
The New York portion of the Saint Regis tribe, according to the State census
of 1865, 
numbered 413; they now number 737, of whom 441 are under the age of twenty-one
This increase is quite remarkable. They receive no annuities from the United
States in 
money or goods ; only a State annuity of about $3 per capita. Their reservation
is less fer- 
tile than any of the others in the agency, and is in a colder climate, being
upon the Saint 
Lawrence River, in the extreme northern part of the State. The Saint Regis
Indians are 
descendants of the Mohawks of New York, whose language they speak. Under
the influ- 
ence of some French Catholic missionaries, their ancestors migrated from
the valley of the 
Mohawk in 1677, and settled at Caughnawaga, near Montreal, in Canada.- A
colony from 
the latter place, in 1760, migrated to Saint Regis, on the Saint Lawrence.
They are named 
from Jean Francis Saint Regis, a French ecclesiastic who died in 1690. They
are mostly 
Roman Catholics. Their location is isolated, and, in that respect, favorable
to improve- 
ment. Only six deaths are reported on this reservation during the past year,
of which four 
were from consumption, one of hernia, and one from child-birth. 
The 4,955 Indians of the New York agency own 86,366 acres of fertile lands,on
nine reserv- 
ations, of which 22,989 are cultivated by them and under fence. They live
in 899 dwelling- 
houses, of the estimated cash value of $133,579; of which 27:3 are frame,
313 plank,'290 
block and logs, 21 board, 2 of stone, and I brick. They raised, in 1874,
60,461 bushels of 
corn, 49,229 bushels of oats, -12,906 bushels of wheat, 57,648 bushels of
potatoes, of pease 
1,514 bushels, beans 1,266 bushels, and of hay 3,490 tons. They milked 712
cows, made 
28,369 pounds of butter, and slaughtered 108,958 pounds of pork. The cash-value
of their 
stock is estimated at $134,137, farming-implements at $56,103, and of farm-buildings,
dwelling-houses, at $56,103. They have growing 15,791 apple-trees, and raised
last year 
6,844 bushels of applesbesides peaches, pears, and grapes of choice varieties
in consider- 
able quantities. They have held annual fairs the present year for exhibition
of stock, 
grain, and vegetables, upon Cattaraugus, Tonawanda, and Onondaga reservations.
cultivate 7,511 more acres of land than in 1865, and since that time their
wealth in individ- 
ual property has nearly doubled. 
Of the 1,685 Indian youths in the agency between the ages of five and twenty-one
about 1,000 can read and speak the English language, and of adults about
There are twelve church-buildings on the reservations, of the value of $22,400,
capable of 
seating 3,500 persons.  Of the churches, four are Methodist Episcopal, four
three Presbyterian, and one Protestant Episcopal. The number of church-members
is 1'0341 
The Catholics of Saint Regis reservation attend church in Canada. Of the
twelve clergymen 
and missionaries in charge of these churches, six are Indians. 
Rev. Asher Wright, who had beenfor forty years a missionary of the American
Board of 
Foreign Missions among the Senecas of this agency, died at the mission-house,
on the Cat- 
taraugus reservation, in April last. He was a graduate of Dartmouth College,
a gentleman 
of fine literary attainments, and most thoroughly devoted to his work as
a missionary. He 
translated a book of hymns and the four gospels of the New Testament into
the Seneca. 
language, and was engaged at the time of his death in compiling-a Seneca
dictionary, which 
he left unfinished. He was a skillful physician, and used to great advantage
his knowledge 
of medicine as auxiliary to his missionary work. His services as physician
to the Indians 
were gratuitous, and he supplied them with medicines from his limited missionary
and died poor. The first supply of medicines furnished by the Government
was received 
only a few days before his death. In my opinion, the importance of furnishing
medical treat- 
ment and supplies to Indians, in the work of their civilization, cannot be
There is a growing desire among the Indians of this agency to become citizens,
and to own 
their lands in severalty and in fee. Especially is this true of the young
men. But the 
Senecas of the Cattaraugus and Allegany reservations will strenuously resist
any effort to 
make them citizens and allot their lands, so long as the claim of the Ogden
Land Company, 
or its assigns, rests as a cloud upon their title to these reservations,
for the reasons stated 
in my annual report of 1873, to wllich I again respectfully beg leave to
call attention. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Hon. EDW. P. SMITH,                                    D. SHERMAN, Agent.
Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 
Moapa River Reserve, September 11, 1875. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report on the condition of
affairs at this 
agency for the year ending September 30, 1875: 
On my arrival at the Pi-Ute agency last November the outlook of affairs was
in the extreme. A large deficiency existed from the previous year. The creditors
of the 

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