United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875
Report of Northern superintendency, pp. 311-314 PDF (1.8 MB)
REPORT OF NORTHERN- SUPERINTENDENCY. 311 vise and direct these Indians in a course which would result most certainly in their ultimate civilization. The work has been very arduous, at times extremely dangerous, and often dis- couraging. As though the duties and responsibilities attending the management and con- trol of upwards of 6,000 wild Indians, and all the official labor connected therewith, were in- sufficient for the glory of this position, I have had to bear some part of the opprobrium which, during the past few months, a willfully malicious and notoriously unprincipled oppo- sition press has sought to cast upon the entire management of Indian affairs. Amid all this I am not wholly discouraged, for there is a brighter side to the picture. I have the satisfac- tion of seeing many of the wild Indians gradually submitting to my advice and instruc- tions, and the peaceably disposed sending their children to the school to be educated, while many are actually taking upon themselves the duties and responsibilities of civilized life. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, WM. W. ALDERSON, United States Indian Agent. Hon. EDW. P. SMITH, Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. LEMHI VALLEY INDIAN RESERVATION, Idaho Territory, October 15, 1875. Stit: In compliance with requirements of circular-letter of September 20, 1875, I submit my second annual report. The following estimate, the lowest and most reliable one yet obtained, exhibits the num- ber of Indians receiving supplies at this agency : Bannacks, 210; Shoshones, 500 ; Sheep- eaters, 340 ; total, 1,050. The above estimate will not vary much from an actual enrollment. I cannot make a re- liable estimate of males and females. I am forced to think these Indians are on the increase naturally. True, a great many died last winter from the inclement weather, and not having received any annuities they were greatly exposed. They caught the whooping-cough, and it proved fatal in many cases. In frequent councils with these Indians, their chiefs and headmen, prominent among whom is Ten Doy, principal chief, have often expressed to me a willingness to engage in agricultural pursuits, provided I could give them such assistance or suppor t as they should have or needed in their present impoverished and isolated condition ; but I have said to them that their appropriation is too meager to get all at one time ; that yearly a few could engage in farming, and I and my employds would aid and teach them as they needed. Farming this year has been discouraging; nearly everything was destroyed by grasshoppers, that emigrated here just as the grain was turning into blossom. The sanitary condition of these Indians at present is very good, in fact during the entire year, except the extreme cold season last winter, when they suffered as heretofore stated. There has been no missionary work performed among these Indians, When I was ordered to remove these Indians to Fort Hall reserve, I discontinued the school, and I find it less difficult to get the Indians to work than to get them to send their children to school. They think more of money than education. However, as soon as prac- ticable, I shall open a school. I desire to express my grateful appreciation of the uniform courtesy and forbearance which have been shown me by the Department during the past year of my arduous official duties. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, HARRISON FULLER, Special United States Indian Agent. Hon. E.P. SMITH, Commissioner of Indian Aff'airs, Washington, D. C. REPORT OF NORTHERN SUPERINTENDENCY. NORTHERN SUPERINTENDENCY, OFFICE SUPERINTENDENT INDIAN AFFAIRS, Omaha, Neb., Ninthmonth 21, 1875. RESPECTED FRIEND: During the past year the Indians of this superintendency have been peaceable, orderly, and comparatively industrious. No white person has been killed by them; the only case of personal injury to a white person reported against them is that of an assault and battery upon a man detected in the act of stealing agency-timber. An increased acreage of tillage has been made on each reservation. The early crops on the Ottoe and Great Nemaha reservations were destroyed by grasshoppers ; later crops have all escaped their ravages, an.} give promise of being bountiful.
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