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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875

Report of Northern superintendency,   pp. 311-314 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 311

REPORT     OF NORTHERN- SUPERINTENDENCY.                     311 
vise and direct these Indians in a course which would result most certainly
in their ultimate 
civilization. The work has been very arduous, at times extremely dangerous,
and often dis- 
couraging. As though the duties and responsibilities attending the management
and con- 
trol of upwards of 6,000 wild Indians, and all the official labor connected
therewith, were in- 
sufficient for the glory of this position, I have had to bear some part of
the opprobrium 
which, during the past few months, a willfully malicious and notoriously
unprincipled oppo- 
sition press has sought to cast upon the entire management of Indian affairs.
Amid all this 
I am not wholly discouraged, for there is a brighter side to the picture.
I have the satisfac- 
tion of seeing many of the wild Indians gradually submitting to my advice
and instruc- 
tions, and the peaceably disposed sending their children to the school to
be educated, while 
many are actually taking upon themselves the duties and responsibilities
of civilized life. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. EDW. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
Idaho Territory, October 15, 1875. 
Stit: In compliance with requirements of circular-letter of September 20,
1875, I submit 
my second annual report. 
The following estimate, the lowest and most reliable one yet obtained, exhibits
the num- 
ber of Indians receiving supplies at this agency : Bannacks, 210; Shoshones,
500 ; Sheep- 
eaters, 340 ; total, 1,050. 
The above estimate will not vary much from an actual enrollment. I cannot
make a re- 
liable estimate of males and females. I am forced to think these Indians
are on the increase 
naturally. True, a great many died last winter from the inclement weather,
and not having 
received any annuities they were greatly exposed. They caught the whooping-cough,
and it 
proved fatal in many cases. 
In frequent councils with these Indians, their chiefs and headmen, prominent
whom is Ten Doy, principal chief, have often expressed to me a willingness
to engage in 
agricultural pursuits, provided I could give them such assistance or suppor
t as they should 
have or needed in their present impoverished and isolated condition ; but
I have said to them 
that their appropriation is too meager to get all at one time ; that yearly
a few could engage 
in farming, and I and my employds would aid and teach them as they needed.
this year has been discouraging; nearly everything was destroyed by grasshoppers,
emigrated here just as the grain was turning into blossom. 
The sanitary condition of these Indians at present is very good, in fact
during the entire 
year, except the extreme cold season last winter, when they suffered as heretofore
There has been no missionary work performed among these Indians, 
When I was ordered to remove these Indians to Fort Hall reserve, I discontinued
school, and I find it less difficult to get the Indians to work than to get
them to send their 
children to school. They think more of money than education. However, as
soon as prac- 
ticable, I shall open a school. 
I desire to express my grateful appreciation of the uniform courtesy and
which have been shown me by the Department during the past year of my arduous
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
Special United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. E.P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Aff'airs, Washington, D. C. 
Omaha, Neb., Ninthmonth 21, 1875. 
RESPECTED FRIEND: During the past year the Indians of this superintendency
been peaceable, orderly, and comparatively industrious. No white person has
been killed 
by them; the only case of personal injury to a white person reported against
them is that 
of an assault and battery upon a man detected in the act of stealing agency-timber.
An increased acreage of tillage has been made on each reservation. The early
crops on 
the Ottoe and Great Nemaha reservations were destroyed by grasshoppers ;
later crops have 
all escaped their ravages, an.} give promise of being bountiful. 

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