University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875
([1875])

Reports of agents in Minnesota,   pp. 295-298 PDF (1.8 MB)


Page 295

REPORTS     OF   AGENTS     IN  MINNESOTA.                  295 
Six Government common schools are maintained, and for the past year have
been better 
worked and patronized than heretofore, but there are so many circumstances
that interrupt 
the regularity of attendance that the progress of the scholars in education
is slow. Yet 
there is some progress. The zeal of missionary enterprists of all the churches
is not so 
ardent as in former years, when there was a romance associated with Indian
missions. 
Churches have learned that means and efforts in this work do not yield so
large results of 
success as when expended among the freedmen, or among foreign nations.  So
there are 
not so devoted or sacrificing men and efforts to christianize the Indians,
and the missionary 
work is not so vigorous as it was thirty years ago.  Yet they are nominally
Christian, and 
have many native preachers, and exhibit bright examples of Christian living.
Very respectfully submitted. 
GEO. I. BETTS, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. EDW. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner, Washington, D. C. 
OFFICE OF UNITED STATES SPECIAL INDIAN AGENT, 
Leech Lake, Cass County, Minnesota, July 26. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the agency under
my charge for 
the past year: 
There has been no disturbance of the general good feeling existing between
the Indians 
and Government employds. The Indians express themselves as satisfied that
all is being 
done for their welfare that is possible under existing circumstances. 
No glowing accounts can be given of their advancement in civilization, the
majority con- 
tinuing their roving life, depending mostly on hunting and fishing for subsistence.
The 
small amount of tillable land embraced in the reservation gives them very
little encourage- 
ment to engage in agricultural pursuits. 
In accordance with instructions from the Department, I have examined various
tracts of 
land with a view to the subsequent colonization of those who wished to engage
in agricul- 
tural pursuits. Have not decided as yet on the particular point to be recommended.
For information as to the amount of crops, &c., the past year, I would
respectfully refer to 
statistical report herewith transmitted. Their crops, at present date, promise
a fair return for 
the labor expended. Their present tribal relations are a great hindrance
to any permanent 
improvement. Until the introduction of law, and adequate punishment for its
infringement, 
very little can be accomplished. 
The school has been reasonably prosperous, more scholars offering than eould
be accom- 
modated in the boarding department. The day-scholars are not numerous, the
Indians be- 
ing so scattered the children cannot avail themselves of the educational
privileges. Various 
improvements have been made on and around the school-buildings, making them
comfort- 
able and convenient. 
Of the White Oak Point Indians but few reside permanently on their reservation,
many 
living around the lumber-camps and occasionally working for the lumbermen.
The more intelligent of the Indians are now anxious that the pine and cedar
timber be 
sold, and funds obtained for their assistance. The harmony existing among
the Indians is 
satisfactory and commendable. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 
JAS. WHITEHEAD, 
Special United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
RED LAKE, MINNESOTA, September 3, 1875. 
SIR: I herewith submit my third annual report of the affairs under my charge
among the 
Red Lake Chippewas of Minnesota. 
The Indians of this agency number 1,141, as per last enrollment, and are
located one 
hundrel miles north of the nearest point on the Northern Paoific Railroad,
Detroit, Minn. 
AGRICULTURE. 
Of the 2,250,000 acres of land in this reservation, 1,500,000 acres are valueless,
about 
1,000 acres are tillable, the balance being wooded and grazing. The tillable
lands are lo- 
cted along the margin of Red Lake, a strip varying in width from 50 rods
to half a mile. 
In addition to this narrow strip there are some bodies of hard wood, and
one tract of prairie 
having a rich soil, and only requiring the clearing-up of the wo~ded tracts
to render imme- 


Go up to Top of Page