United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875
Report of Central superintendency, pp. 261-266 PDF (2.8 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN CENTRAL SUPERINTENDENCY. 261 satisfied with the action of the Government. In the. course of a week he came back and talked more reasonably. To guard against any trouble that might arise, I requested General 0. 0. Howard, commander Department Columbia, to station troops in the valley during the fishing season, which request was complied with. I think the question of the Wallowa Valley ought to be definitely settled. The Indians go there with large bands of horses, from which springs nearly all the trouble between the Indians and settlers, the latter having large herds of stock in the valley also. So long as so many Indians remain outside the reserve, they cannot be kept out of the valley during the summer, unless a guard is kept there. The monthly reports of the schools have kept the Department informed as to the progress made in that direction. The schools were closed the 1st of July for vacation of two months, but during the time the boarding-school teacher and matron have resigned. which leaves me with but one white person (Miss S. L. McBeth) as teacher in the boarding-school depart- ment. However, I think the vacancies will soon be filled, at which time the schools will be opened, and all the scholars that can be accommodated will be received. The superintendent of teaching resigned his position last June, and I have concluded to dispense with that office, giving each teacher full charge of his school, and holding him responsible for its management. One cause of the teachers leaving is the reduction of the salaries, which took place at the beginning of last fiscal year. The scholars have made steady progress in their studies, and show that they do not care to fall back into their old manner of living, from the fact that during vacation they would not go off on the hunting and fishing excursions with other Indians. Some of the scholars have remained at the school-house during vacation, and have worked in the garden, assisted in thrashing, and performed other work. The progress made in speaking the English language is not as great as we could wish. They can understand nearly all that is said to them, and can read readily and write well. Still as they gradually overcome that diffidence natural to them, so, little by little, will they have confidence in themselves to speak the English language, and eventually converse freely in said tongue. There is in each mill a boy learning the trade, one a full-blood and the other a half-breed. In the blacksmith-shop at Kamiah there is a half-breed learning the trade. In the shop at Lapwai we had a full-blood, who was proving a success in learning the trade, but when the Indians commenced moving off to the root-grounds he disappeared. I sent for him and brought him back, but he would not remain. However, he has been at the agency lately, and intimated that he would like to go into the shop again soon. The health of the tribe has been very good generally during the year past. I hope to be able to put up a few houses for the Indians before the winter sets in. On the whole, taking into consideration the circumstances I have had to contend with, we have reason to be thankful for the progress made during the year ending August 31, 1875. All of which is respectfully submitted. Very respectfuily, your obedient servant, JNO. B. MONTIETH, United States Indian Agent. Hon. EDWD. P. SMITH, Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. REPORT OF CENTRAL SUPERINTENDENCY. CEN'!RILL SUPERINTENDENCY, La'vrence, Kans, Tenthaonth 19, 1875. Hon. EDWARD P. SMITH, Commissioner of Inaian Affairs, Washington, D. C.: I am in receipt of information of recent date from all the agencies in this superintendency, enabling me to report the tribes under my charge generally at peace and making better and more rapid advance in civilization than during any previous year of my administration, as will be fully evinced by statistics herewith presented. All the tribes (save, perhaps, the Cheyenues) have, to a greater or less extent, engaged in agriculture, and all, save the Mexican Kickapoos, manifst some interest in the education of their children. A large area of soil has been cultivated, and with better success than ever before; and my previously-expressed opinion of the entire-practicability of Indian civilization is confirmed. I regret to inform yo- that an unusual amount of sickness prevails at this time among nearly all the tribes, and that many deaths have occurred. KICKAPOOS OF KANSAS, (M. H. NEWLIN, AGENT.) This portion of the tribe, numbering less than three hundred, have a valuable reservation in the northeastern part of Kansas, and, being nearly all farmers, with the aid' of a small annuity, are self-supporting. Their manual-labor boarding-school is still in operation. This tribe is divided in sentiment on the question of disposing of their lands and removal to the Indian Territory. I am of the opinion that, while the so-called Mexican Kickapoos might derive some benefit from association with this people, the disadvantages accruing to those resident in Kansas by affiliation with wild Indians would be still more apparent, and, so far as their own interests are concerned, I see no necessity for their present removal.
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