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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875

Report of Central superintendency,   pp. 261-266 PDF (2.8 MB)

Page 261

satisfied with the action of the Government. In the. course of a week he
came back and 
talked more reasonably. To guard against any trouble that might arise, I
requested General 
0. 0. Howard, commander Department Columbia, to station troops in the valley
during the 
fishing season, which request was complied with. I think the question of
the Wallowa 
Valley ought to be definitely settled. The Indians go there with large bands
of horses, from 
which springs nearly all the trouble between the Indians and settlers, the
latter having large 
herds of stock in the valley also. So long as so many Indians remain outside
the reserve, 
they cannot be kept out of the valley during the summer, unless a guard is
kept there. 
The monthly reports of the schools have kept the Department informed as to
the progress 
made in that direction. The schools were closed the 1st of July for vacation
of two months, 
but during the time the boarding-school teacher and matron have resigned.
which leaves me 
with but one white person (Miss S. L. McBeth) as teacher in the boarding-school
ment. However, I think the vacancies will soon be filled, at which time the
schools will be 
opened, and all the scholars that can be accommodated will be received. The
of teaching resigned his position last June, and I have concluded to dispense
with that office, 
giving each teacher full charge of his school, and holding him responsible
for its management. 
One cause of the teachers leaving is the reduction of the salaries, which
took place at the 
beginning of last fiscal year. The scholars have made steady progress in
their studies, 
and show that they do not care to fall back into their old manner of living,
from the fact 
that during vacation they would not go off on the hunting and fishing excursions
with other 
Indians. Some of the scholars have remained at the school-house during vacation,
have worked in the garden, assisted in thrashing, and performed other work.
The progress made in speaking the English language is not as great as we
could wish. 
They can understand nearly all that is said to them, and can read readily
and write well. 
Still as they gradually overcome that diffidence natural to them, so, little
by little, will they 
have confidence in themselves to speak the English language, and eventually
freely in said tongue. 
There is in each mill a boy learning the trade, one a full-blood and the
other a half-breed. 
In the blacksmith-shop at Kamiah there is a half-breed learning the trade.
In the shop at 
Lapwai we had a full-blood, who was proving a success in learning the trade,
but when the 
Indians commenced moving off to the root-grounds he disappeared. I sent for
him and 
brought him back, but he would not remain. However, he has been at the agency
and intimated that he would like to go into the shop again soon. 
The health of the tribe has been very good generally during the year past.
I hope to be able to put up a few houses for the Indians before the winter
sets in. 
On the whole, taking into consideration the circumstances I have had to contend
we have reason to be thankful for the progress made during the year ending
August 31, 1875. 
All of which is respectfully submitted. 
Very respectfuily, your obedient servant, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Commissioner Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
La'vrence, Kans, Tenthaonth 19, 1875. 
Commissioner of Inaian Affairs, Washington, D. C.: 
I am in receipt of information of recent date from all the agencies in this
enabling me to report the tribes under my charge generally at peace and making
better and 
more rapid advance in civilization than during any previous year of my administration,
will be fully evinced by statistics herewith presented. All the tribes (save,
perhaps, the 
Cheyenues) have, to a greater or less extent, engaged in agriculture, and
all, save the Mexican 
Kickapoos, manifst some interest in the education of their children. A large
area of soil 
has been cultivated, and with better success than ever before; and my previously-expressed
opinion of the entire-practicability of Indian civilization is confirmed.
I regret to inform 
yo- that an unusual amount of sickness prevails at this time among nearly
all the tribes, 
and that many deaths have occurred. 
This portion of the tribe, numbering less than three hundred, have a valuable
in the northeastern part of Kansas, and, being nearly all farmers, with the
aid' of a small 
annuity, are self-supporting. Their manual-labor boarding-school is still
in operation. This 
tribe is divided in sentiment on the question of disposing of their lands
and removal 
to the Indian Territory. I am of the opinion that, while the so-called Mexican
might derive some benefit from association with this people, the disadvantages
to those resident in Kansas by affiliation with wild Indians would be still
more apparent, 
and, so far as their own interests are concerned, I see no necessity for
their present removal. 

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