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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1875
([1875])

Reports of agents in California,   pp. 220-230 PDF (5.3 MB)


Page 220

220               REPORTS     OF   AGENTS     IN  CALIFORNIA. 
INDIAN LABOR. 
No Indians, except policemen and those assisting in the construction of agency
buildings, 
receive any pay, nor are any extra ratio-as issued for work on irrigating-ditches,
&c. 
All the work on the new ditches and in repairing the old ones, clearing land,
building 
fences, farming, &c., is performed without any compensation whatever.
ANNUITIES. 
It is my opinion that the issue of presents to Indians is usually detrimental
to the tribes 
so issued to. It makes them less independent, and induces them to rely more
on the gifts of 
the Government than their own efforts for their support. I adopted the following
plan in 
the issue of such goods as were furnished for these Indians last fall, and
the same plan is 
being followed at present for the issue of the goods now en route for these
Indians: 
I had checks printed of three denominations-50 cents, 25 cents, and 121 cents,
respect- 
ively. These are redeemable at the agency in goods, and so long as the goods
last the In- 
dians are allowed 50 cents per day for all extra labor, such as making adobes,
working on 
the buildings and about the agency, digging ditches, &c, This teaches
them that they 
must earn their own support and makes them feel that they are capable of
so doing. Only 
to the old and feeble are blankets and necessaries presented. 
STOCK. 
In accordance with verbal instructions from the honorable Commissioner, I
advertised for 
4,200 sheep, '200 cows, 200 goats, anid 200 burros, and the contracts for
the same have been 
forwarded to him for approval. I advertised for 4,200 sheep, as that will
give a sheep to 
each Indian and so make an easy and satisfactory distribution. I trust there
will be no 
delay in furnishing this stock, as the Indians are very anxious to receive
it, and it will so in- 
crease their employment and home interest that they will abandon every thought
or desire 
of ever engaging in hostilities. 
INDIAN SOLDIERS. 
The time has passed requiring the enlistment of Indians as soldiers, and
I enter my pro- 
test strongly against those regulations which allow it. My police are sufficient
for the usual 
scouting duty required on the reservation, and whenever a larger force is
needed I can raise 
it at short notice. Furthermore, when the Indian scouts are taken from the
reservation and 
kept from their people five months doing nothing, (as is the case with those
scouts now ab- 
sent from this reserve and stationed at Camp Verde,) it causes much trouble
and dissatisfac- 
tion among their people and families, and results in no good. 
In conclusion, allow me to mention, as a slight tribute, the valuable services
of Mr. M. 
A. Sweeney, who has been in my employ as clerk since my arrival. His duties
have not 
been confined to mere office-writing, but he has manifested a hearty interest
in all affairs 
connected with the agency. He is faithful and energetic in the discharge
of all his duties, 
and fearless and yet just in his dealing with the Indians. During my absence
to Washing- 
ton he managed the business of the agency with ability and discretion, and
has justly 
earned the hearty confidence and good-will I bear him. And now, assuring
your Depart- 
ment of my most faithful efforts, I beg your constant and substantial support.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
JOHN P. GLUM, 
United States Indian Agent. 
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN CALIFORNIA. 
HOOPA VALLEY AGENCY, CALIFORNIA, 
September 1, 1875. 
SIR: In accordance with the requirement of the Department, I have the honor
to make 
this my first annual report of affairs connected with this agency. 
This reservation is located in what was formerly Klamath County. By an act
of the leg- 
islature of this State, Klamath County was abolished, and the territory divided
between 
Siskiyou hnd Humboldt Counties, Hoopa Valley falling within the boundaries
of Humboldt 
County. The reservation is twelve miles wide from east to west, and about
eleven and a half 
miles long from north to south. The Trinity River, running in a northerly
direction, passes 
through the center of it. The valley from which the reservation takes its
name is a small 
narrow valley, through which the Trinity River runs, and contains, perhaps,
2,500 acres of 
level land, of which only a'bout 1,000 is fit for cultivation, and a goodly
portion of that 1,000 
acres is of a very poor quality, the soil being very sandy and lying on a
bed of gravel, through 
which the water will waste away, leaving the crops to parch and burn up for
the want of 
moisture. The Bald Hills, lying north of the valley, comprising perhaps one-fifth
of the 
reservation, afford some very fine pasturage for stock ; the other four-fifths,
leaving out the 
valley, is composed of very rugged and precipitous mountains, almost entirely
worthless, as 
the report of Capt. C. T. Bissell, United States deputy surveyor, who is
now engaged sur- 


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