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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873

[Pai-Ute agency],   pp. 327-331 PDF (2.3 MB)

Page 327

Indians not properly belonging to the agency, living in this and adjoining
counties, are 
the Wichumui, Ke-a-wah, King's River and Kern River Indians, making an aggregate
of 1,000 in number. 
The more destitute among them have been furnished from this agency with subsist-
ence and clothing to some extent. It is the purpose of the agent to remove
the most 
destitute, dependent, and helpless of them to the new agency as soon as the
ments there will permit. 
The Indian school has been taught seven months during the year. The want
of a 
school-house during the first and second quarters necessitated the discontinuance
the school. The number of pupils in attendance was 62; average attendance,
Many of the children made excellent progress in their studies. 
Sabbath-school has been held regularly every Sabbath during the year, and
for religious services on Wednesday evenings. The Indians are quite regular
in their 
attendance, and the good results are observed in their daily deportment and
their ob- 
servance of the Sabbath. 
The crops raised at the agency the present season are, owring to the severe
very light. Wheat raised, 815 bushels; hay, 36 tons. The barley-crop was
an entire 
failure for grain, a portion only being cut for hay. Vegetables of all kinds
failed for 
want of moisture; no rain has fallen here since the 24thof February ultimo.
The Water- 
Ditch Company, which has heretofore supplied the agency with water for irrigation
purposes for the. right of way over the agency lands, refused this season
to supply 
water for that purpose, and in consequence no vegetables could be raised.
The change of the agency to Government lands will have a beneficial and permanent
influence for good on the Indians in many respects. Located comparatively
at a dis- 
tance from those disreputable persons who take every occasion clandestinely
to furnish 
the Indians with whisky, it is anticipated that this evil can, in a great
measure, be 
abated. The prospects of a fixed and permanent home for the Indians will
have much 
to do in encouraging the Indians in habits of industry and frugality. They
will take 
pleasure and pride in planting their vineyards and orchards, in cultivating
their gar- 
dens, and their moral improvement and physical and intellectual development
increase with their improvements made with the labor of their own hands.
The recent survey of the new reservation has demonstrated beyond a cavil
the value 
of the location for an Indian reservation, with arable lands sufficient for
purposes, well watered, abundance for milling and irrigation; well adapted
for graz- 
ing, and stock and sheep raising, with the best pinery in the southern portion'of
State, where the labor of the Indians can be made productive in preparing
the timber 
for building and fencing to supply the demands and wants of the citizens
located in 
the adjacent valleys and plains.                                    4 
Improvements are now being commenced at the new agency, and it is expected
the buildings will be in a state of forwardness so that the Indians can be
removed and 
the rented lands at the present agency be abandoned and possession given
to the owner 
by the 1st of November. When this shall have been effected, the condition
of the In- 
dians at the agency, and those living in this section of the State, will
be materially 
improved, and a more rapid advancement toward a lhigher civilization can
be anticipated. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
]idian. Agent. 
Hon. E. P. SNUT, 
Conumissioner of Lidian Ijftirs, Washigton, D. C. 
Saint Thomas, N cc., AYovemnber 30, 1873. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my annual report. 
'The Indians of this agency are divided into thirty-one different tribes
or bands, and 
are known among white men as Pai-Utes, but, among themselves and by other
by as many different names as there are tribes, each tribe taking the name
from the 
land which they occupy. 
The Pai-Utes have always been an agricultural people, and their history can
traced back for more than one hundred years, which sustains this statement.
I believed it to be important to know the actual condition and number of
the In- 
dians properly belonging to this agency, and felt sensible no organized effort
with the present policy of the Government for improving their condition could
be put 
forth without concentrating all the Indians at some place to be mutually
agreed upon, as 
at present they are scattered over the southern half of Utah, Northern Arizona,
era Nevada, and Southeastern California. 

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