United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
[Round Valley agency], pp. 325-326 PDF (855.0 KB)
REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 325 76. ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, California, September 12, 1873. Sin: In compliance with the regulations of the Department, I have the honor to submit this, my first annual report, as agent of the Round Valley (United States) In- dian reservation. Assuming charge at this agency October 1,31872, owing to the severe illness of my worthy predecessor, Hon. Hugh Gibson, and his absence from the reser- vation for a number of months previous to my taking charge, together with in- fluences referred to in his last annual report, I found things in much disorder. How- ever, by adopting and enforcing rigid discipline for a time, and using firmness in all my transactions, order was soon restored, and prosperity was at once manifest in every department of the reservation. From a careful census taken, we had June 30, 1873, one thousand one hundred and twelve Indians who actually make this reserve their home. Male. Female. Total. Potter Valley Indians-................................. 178 201 379 Pitt River Indians-.................................... 32 46 78 Red Wood Indians ..................................... 40 61 101 Uki Indians .................. 96 114 210 Wylackie Indians.....................................17 16 33 Concow Indians.... ,-............69 90 159 Little Lake Indians4.............................. 88 152 496 616 1,112 In addition to these there are two hundred or more who are more or less dependent -on this reservation for protection, supplies, &c. I am pleased to be able further to inform you that a considerable number, since the above census was taken, have voluntarily come to the reserve, and continue coming. I am happy to report that the Indians here are, on the whole, contented and happy, quiet, orderly, and easily governed. The main- tenance of a military post here is a needless expense, and the abolishment of Camp Wright would be a financial benefit to the Government. EDUCATIONAL. During the past year one school has been kept in operation all the time, with eighty pupils enrolled, and an average daily attendance of fifty. This. number of scholars being too great in justice to either pupils or teacher, and there being more who ought and would attend school if they had an opportunity, by authority of B. C. Whiting, then superintendent, I employed a second teacher, and since July 1st have had two schools in operation. The advancement of the Indians in learning to read and write has been much greater than even the friends of the Indians expected, and to all a matter of profound gratification. RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTIONY ETC. We have Sabbath-school and religious services every Sabbath, in which, I am pleased to say, the employes take an earnest, active interest. Miss Colburn, who now teaches one school, and Miss Burnett, who is engaged to teach the other, after the 1st of October next, are women of established character, as experienced, earnest, Christian workers in educational matters, and religious training. SANITARY STATE OF THE INDIANS. The health of the Indians has been much improved in general. First, because more houses have been built, and they sheltered from the inclemency of the weather during the severe storms of winter. Second, many of them have had bed-ticking issued to them, and have been induced to sleep on bedsteads instead of the ground; they are, therefore, less afflicted with colds, coughs, consumption, rheumatism, &c.; and thirdly, I have abolished all the sweat-houses on the reservation. A hospital, however, is needed more for their health and life than anything else in the sanitary department, aside from that of physician. Without a hospital and steward the sick cannot be properly cared for; medicine is not now and never will be regularly and properly taken by the sick, and I sincerely hope that an appropriation for this purpose will soon be made.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright