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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Klamath agency],   pp. 323-324 PDF (1.0 MB)


Page 323

REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER        OF INDIAN    AFFAIRS.        323 
settle that little is left for his other duities. The reason for this may
be found in the 
fact that these Indians are composed of' some ten or twelve different tribes
always hos- 
tile in the past, each one of which has injuries to avenge or outrages to
atone. 
One measure I would most urgently recommend, viz, the allotment of lands
in sev- 
eralty. This was promised the Indians some years since and the surveys were
made, 
but the work avas suddenly stopped and the land is yet undivided. This has
causad 
much dissatisfaction amon' the Indians, which I could only allay by promising
to des- 
ignate tracts of lands which each family might cultivate provided the allotment
was 
not made. There is nothing stimulates man to exertion like the consciousness
that he 
is to reap the fruits of his labors himself; and, in my opinion, the allotment
of these 
lands would do more to stimulate this people to improvement than any other
one 
measure that could be adopted. 
I would also respeetfilly recommend an appropriation for a saw-mill. The
money 
we are compelled to expend for lumber to meet only the most pressing lecessities
would in two or three years pay the ent:ire cost of a mill. 
In conclusion, I desire to express my gr itification at the evidences of
improvement 
already made, and my hope that this people will continue to improve till
they no longer 
need the care of the Government. 
From the evidences I see on all sides of me, from the earnest desire I continually
hear to improve their condition, and from their willingness to labor to this
end as well 
as from the progress already made, I am led to the concluion that a very
few years of 
judicious care will place the Siletz Indians in a position where they will
be fully ca- 
pable of caring for themselves. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servanf, 
J. H. FAIRCHILD, 
United State8 Indian Agent. 
H1on. E. P. SMIT . 
Coemi.sioner Indiant Affairs, Jfashington, D. C. 
75. 
OFFICE KLA-MATH INDIAN AGENCY, OREG., September 1, 1873. 
SIR: I have the houor to submit this my second annual report of the condition
of 
this agency. 
The Modoc war, which commenced about the last of November and continued until
near June, has kept this section of country in a continued state of excitement,
in 
which the Indians upon this reservation hdve necessarily shared. Knowing,
as they 
did, that the hostile band of Modocs were parties to the treaty in common
with them- 
selves, they have naturally taken a deep interest in everything pertaining
to the war, 
as well as the efforts to make peace, and have, though falsely accused otherwise,
been 
very anxious to avoid all implication in the difficulty themselves. Had there
been any 
great dissatisfaction among them on account of ill-treatment in the past,
as has been 
alleged by irresponsible parties, I have no doubt that some of them would
have 
joined Captain Jack while he seemed so successful; but not one did so, and,
so far as 
I can obtain proof, not one approved his course of action, and nearly all
of them held 
themselves in readiness to render the Government any assistance in their
power to 
secure peace, even to going on the war-path against the hostile band. Some
fifty or 
sixty of the Klamaths did render very efficient service during the early
part of the war 
in protecting settlers, and also in co-operating with the United States forces,
both as 
regular militia and also as scouts. 
These Indians have taken an unusual interest in agricultural pursuits during
the 
past spring and summer; and, with the assistance of employ,s and the aid
of Govern- 
ment teams, have cultivated more than twice the amount of land ever planted
by 
them before; but the frequent heavy frosts during May, June, and July have
destroyed 
the greater portion of their crops, so that they will gather little except
a few acres of 
rye. This is very discouraging, and demonstrates still further the absolute
necessity, 
which I have so often presented, of supplying them with cattle, before they
can ever 
become self-supporting. The grain on the Government farms will not yield
more than 
a half crop from the blighting effects of frosts. (For estimate of amount
raised see 
Statistical Report.) 
Thomas Pearne, an educated Indian belonging to the Yakima reservation, has
been 
laboring with the Klamaths religiously during the past winter and spring,
and some 
thirty-six have united with the church, and, with a few exceptions, are trying
to lead 
Christian lives. 
I had hoped to complete the necessary buildings in season to open aboarding-school
last 
spring, but so much labor has been needed upon the mills and other agency
buildings 
in ordler to render them suitable for employdis, that it has been impossible
to complete 


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