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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Warm Springs agency],   pp. 319-320 PDF (990.6 KB)


Page 319

REPORT    OF COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS.       319 
tory, for the prompt manner in which they have constantly aided me in my
efforts to 
punish those guilty of this offense. 
I have continually urged upon these Indians the benefits that would inure
to them 
if they would let some of their young men work in the shops and at the mills;
and 
although some of the old men see the necessity of their so doing, they have
no control 
over their children; and I have not yet been able to get a single one to
come. I have 
promised to board and clothe them, and as soon as they are capable of earning
any- 
thing to pay them liberally for their work. I have pointed out to them that
in a few 
more years their treaty will expire, and there will be no more mechanics
or millers to 
do their work for them ; but they will not heed the advice. 
I have several times reported to the Department the difficulties attending
the proper 
control of the Indians of this reservation in consequence of the large number
of vaga- 
bond Indians on the Columbia River; and I am glad to find that Hon. E. C.
Kemble 
United States inspector, who visited this atency last month, has received
instructions 
to make some arrangements with those Indians. I understand that he has called
them together to meet in council about the middle of this month. 
The day-school at this agency, under the general supervision of Reverend
Father 
G. A. Vermeerseh, who has been ably assisted by Mr. Thomas Tierney and Miss
M. C. 
Cornoyer, has been carried on during the entire year, with the exception
of one week's 
vacation at Christmas and a few weeks during the extremely hot weather in
the 
month of August. There has been an average attendance of 26, viz: 16 boys
and 10 
girls. Many of the children are able to read, write, and cipher as well as
most white 
children of their age. The girls have made great advancement in sewing and
knitting ; 
nearly all the clothing that I have been able to give the scholars has been
made up by 
the girls in the school, and they have knit a great many pairs of socks and
stockings, 
both for themselves and their parents. The fact that I have had no annuity
funds in 
my hands for the past two years, has prevented me from clothing the children
as well 
as I could wish. Many of the children of a proper age to go to school live
at a long 
distance from the school-house, rendering it impracticable for them to attend
until we 
are prepared to board and lodge them; but I trust that an appropriation will
soon be 
made for a manual-labor school; when this is done I think we will have a
large in- 
crease in the number of scholars. 
The divine services on Sunday are well attended, not only by the members
of the 
church, but by many who are not, and a more orderly congregation cannot be
found 
in the United States, or one which appears to take more interest in the matters
which 
pertain to their eternal salvation. During the early part of last month the
Right 
Reverend A. M. Blanchet, bishop of Nisqually, visited this agency and administered
the holy sacrament of confirmation to over twenty Indians and several whites
who 
availed themselves of the visit of the bishop to receive that holy rite at
the same time. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
N. A. CORNOYER, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. EDWARD P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
72. 
WARM SPRINGs AGENCY, September 1, 1873. 
Sip: In compliance with the regulations of the Indian Department service,
I have 
the honor to submit the following as my annual report for the time intervening
between 
the date of my last report and September 1, 1873: 
I have not been able to make a new census during the year, but presume that
the 
deaths and births are about the same, and the census of last year will therefore
apply 
to this, making, in all, the number of Indians belonging to this reservation
626. 
About thirty-nine of this number are absent without leave. They left the
reserva- 
tion while under charge of my predecessor. They were induced to do so by
the influ- 
ence of bad men; and also they are believers in a superstition known as the
Smohollah. 
This religion, if such it may be called, is believed by nearly all the Umatillas,
Spokanes, 
a great part of the Yakimas, and many renegades of other reservations. The
religion 
is like that of the Mbrmons, and ministers and works on the evil passions.
The main 
object is to allow a plurality of wives, immunity from punishment for law-breaking,
and allowance of all the vices-especially drinking and gambling-are chief
virtues in 
the believers of this religion. Some provision should be at once made for
placing all 
these outlaws on a reservation where they could receive the benefit of a
strict law 
rigidly enforced. 
The Indians residing on this reservation are making a great progress in every
re- 
spect. They are now nearly all professors of Christianity, and, as a natural
result, are 
rapidly becoming civilized. They have no quarreling among themselves; are
on 


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