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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Superintendent for Washington territory],   pp. 293-305 PDF (6.9 MB)


Page 293

REPORT OF' COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
293 
General Howard to the first parties that came in to make peace, and nothing
has been 
furnished since. Those that I brought in afterward, and promised that they
were to 
have the same treatment as the first, I have not as yet been able to give
anything, aid 
their condition is deplorable. Many of them may be seen with nothing but
a piece of 
corn or flour sack tied around them to hide their persons. It is now nearly
a year 
since I first brought in these people, and I think nothing will go further
to show their 
sincerity in their peace than to know that they have waited this long to
have the prom- 
ises of the Government fulfilled. I would urge that my estimate for manta,
blankets, 
needles and thread, inclosed in communication to Superintendent Bendell,
dated May 
31,1873, be furnished at as early a day as possible. 
I am pleased to state that, on the 8th of this month, I received instructions
from your 
office, per communication dated July 8,1873, to remove the headquarters of
this agency 
to the vicinity of the San Simone eeniga, and erect agency buildings. Immediately
upon the receipt of the above instructions, I invited proposals from contractors
for the 
erection of the buildings. Fnding their demands so exorbitant, their proposals
being 
above the amount of my estimate, I have deemed it best to hire the labor
and erect 
the buildings myself, knowing that I can erect them for a less cost than
that of any of 
the proposals I have received. I would therefore request that the sum of
six thousand 
seven hundred and fifty ($6,750) dollars be furnished me for that purpose,
for laborers 
in this Territory cannot be hired, unless they know they will receive their
pay at des- 
ignated times; also, as I stated in a former communication, laborers discharged
from 
this agency have been obliged to discount their vouchers 25 per cent. in
order to 
get them cashed, which, I can assure you, has not helped the reputation of
the agency 
in that respect. 
The general health of these Indians has been excellent; only two deaths from
natural 
causes have come to my knowledge since I have been here; several deaths have,
however, occurred from violence. 
Drinking and gambling is, apparently, a natural vice of the Indian, and these
In- 
dians are not an exception to the rule. As far as chastity is concerned,
though, they are 
far superior to any Indians I ever knew, any deviation from that course being
punished 
by cutting off the offender's nose. 
Taking everything into consideration, I think there is every reason to feel
encour- 
aged at the future prospect of the Indians. By fair treatment I believe in
a few years 
they can be made to rank among the best-behaved and most industrious tribes
upon 
this frontier. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
THOMAS T. JEFFORDS, 
United States Special Indian Agent, Chiricahua Apache&s. 
Hon. EDWARD P. SMITI, 
Commisskn -r of Indian Affairs, Washington, D. C 
62. 
OFFICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, 
Olympia, Wash., October 20, 1873. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following as my second annual report.
A prolonged absence of two months, visiting Indian tribes east of the Cascades,
and 
exploring and inspecting the reservation set apart for the non-treaty Indians
of that 
region, which took a much longer time than anticipated, and from which.I
only returned 
on the 25th ult., has caused the delay in the preparation of this report.
Since making my last annual report, I have made and forwarded, to your office
[as] 
an addendum or appendix to my annual report, but not forwarded in time to
be published 
with it, ten special reports upon the history, boundaries, area, and legal
status of ten 
of the fourteen Indian reservations in this superintendency, and asking the
proper 
Executive or Department action, to correct the legal status of each in accordance
with law and justice. 
I have since my last report, besides revisiting a portion of the twelve reservations
that I had then visited, visited and inspected the two remaining reservations
of this 
superintendency that I had not then visited, to wit, the Muckleshoot and
the Colville 
reservations. I visited and inspected the 
MUCKLESHOOT RESERVATION 
on the 19th and 20th of July last, which, with further research into the
history and 
legal status of that reservation, developed facts in addition to those stated
in my spe- 
cial report of the 20th of January last, which I desire to urge as additional
reasons 
for granting, at least in part, the request therein made to enlarge said
reservation and 
--q 


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