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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
([1873])

[Chiricahua agency],   pp. 291-293 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 291

REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AV'FAIRS. 
291 
lished this fall; but the way Iam now situated, without teams to haul logs,
I will have 
to put it off until such time as I can get teams. 
I think this is the best location for an Indian reservation I ever saw. We
have 
plenty of timber, water, and good land, and it is located away from white
settlements. 
The winters are mild, and the grass stays green nearly all winter. I have
visited the 
planting-gTounds ?of my Indians as often as I possibly could, and have always
been 
treated kindly by them. It is the general remark by all citizens who have
had occa- 
sion to travel through this reservation that a remarkable change for the
better has 
come over the Indians of this reserve within the last eight months. The head
chief of 
this reserve, Petone Segoski, has been of great service to me, and is learning
to speak 
the English language very fast; he dresses in citizens' clothes, as do nearly
all of his 
band. The Indian soldiers, forty in number, have been of great assistance
to the mili- 
tary in fighting the Tontos. 
I inclose statistics of education and farming, marked repectively A and B.
In my efforts to carry out the wishes of the Department among these Indians,
I beg 
leave to acknowledge the kind co-operation of Maj. G. M. Randall, commanding
officer 
of this post, who is ever ready to assist by counsel or by force. 
In conclusion, allow me to express the hope that, with liberal and necessary
appro- 
priations on the part of the Government, I may, in another year, be able
to make a 
much more flattering report of progress of this agency. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
JAMES E. ROBERTS, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
(Coninosiotwr of Indian Affairs, Washington, 6. C. 
61. 
CHIRICAHUA INDIAN AGENCY, SULPHUR SPRINGS. ARIZ., 
August 31, 1873. 
Six: In compliance with instructions from the Office of Indian Affairs, per
circular 
letter, dated June 30, 1873, I have the honor to submit the following, my
first annual 
report of the condition of affairs within this agency. 
On the 16th day of September last I was appointed by Gen. 0. 0. Howard, then
special Indian commissioner, as a special agent to assist in making a peace
with the 
notorious Apache chief, Cochise, and of afterward gathering the nomadic tribes
of 
Apaches upon a reservation to be known as the Cochise or Chiricahua Indian
reserve. 
On the 1st day of October following, I succeeded in bringing in Cochise,
with about 
three hundred of his people, to meet General Howard in the Dragoon Mountains,
which 
meeting resulted, on the 12th of the same month, in the conclusion of a treaty
of peace 
with them. I then immediately set to work to gather in the different scattered
tribes, 
and on the 16th of the same month I issued rations to four hundred and fifty
Indians. 
This was my first issue. On the 24th of the same month I found and brought
in the 
Stein's Peak tribe, numbering about one hundred and fifty souls. On the 1st
day of 
November following I found the Southern Chiricahua tribe, numbering about
four 
hundred souls, under the Chief Natiza, and on the 3d day of the same month,
con- 
cluded a treaty with them and brought them in. I learned from this last party
that 
there were no more Indians out in large parties; they said there were still
a few small 
parties straggling through the mountains, but that they would be brought
in as fast 
as they could be found. On the 4th day of November I issued rations to one
thou- 
sand Indians. From that time to the present date, the number of Indians drawing
rations from this agency has varied from about one thousand to eleven hundred
and 
fifty, the latter being the highest number that has been upon the reserve
at any one 
time. 
The result of the treaty with these Indians has been more satisfactory than
the most 
sanguine friend of the present policy toward our Indians could have anticipated.
For 
thirteen years prior to this treaty with General Howard, Cochise and his
allies, the 
Southern Chiricahua Apaches, had waged such a bitter and unrelenting warfare
against 
the people of these frontiers that his name had become not only a terror
to the way- 
farer and at the camp-fire, but to every household. It has been said, and
not with any 
great exaggeration, that the southern overland road from the Rio Mimbres
to Tucson 
was a grave-yard for Cochise's victims. Highways could only be traveled in
safety by 
large and well-armed parties. Miners would leave their homes to prospect
in the mount- 
ains, to be heard from no more. Farmers would be killed at the plow-handle
while till- 
ing the soil. Scarcely a family living within striking distance of his mountain
fast- 
ness but mourns the loss of some of its members that have met their deaths
at the 
hands of some of his braves. The military, although they had carried on a
constant 
-=Ed 


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