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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873

[Papago agency],   pp. 283-284 PDF (989.8 KB)

Page 283

me to build. The payment for the rooms left me but little over half the original
propriation to devote to educational purposes, but with that remainder I
have built 
two comfortable and convenient school-houses, one at San-tan, a Pina village,
two and 
a half miles from the agency, and the other at Hol-che-dum, a Maricopa village,
four and a half miles distant. These houses are not large, but they will
the wants of the two villages for the present. Should these tribes not be
removed to 
the Indian Territory, there should be a school-house erected in each village
on the 
reserve, and all of them supplied with teachers as early as practicable.
If, as is gen- 
erally conceded, "the hope of the Indians lies in the children,"
every facility should 
be alffrded them for obtaining an education and otherwise fitting them for
the future, 
which, from their present general ignorant condition, seems each year more
and more 
uncertain. Having two school-houses, we shall need two more teachers when
re-opens, which will be about the middle of next month, and it is to be hoped
that the 
Department will immediately authorize their engagement at a salary allowed
the male 
teachers now here. In our schools we have the only means of improving the
tion of the Indians, and while we may be and are accomplishing some good
among the 
few children that our facilities enable us to reach, the remainder are growing
up in 
ignorance. There are nearly sixteen hundred children of the right age to
school living on this reserve, and at the utmost, with our present means,
we can only 
reach about one hundred and twenty-five. 
Much interest has been shown by the Indians in the question of their removal
to the 
Indian Territory, and it is with pleasure that I acknowledge the receipt
from your 
office of a communication authorizing me to prospect that country with a
of these tribes, with a view to their removal should they be satisfied with
the appear- 
ance of the territory and the terms of removal. The Indians cannot remain
here much 
longer and continue self-sustaining. Should they remain, it will be but a
few years until 
they will become so reduced that in order to live they will have t be fed,
or they will 
steal. If they are fed, it will cost the Government immense sums of money
while the Indians, who have always been self-supporting heretofore, will
into a lazy, shiftless people, and a life of utter worthlessness, from which
it will be 
almost impossible ever to reclaim them. If, on the other hand, they steal,
it will in- 
volve them in a war with the Government, which, while it will cost still
more than to 
feed them, will prove more disastrous to them in other respects. It is the
desire of 
the Government that all her Indians should support themselves, and it is
far better 
that these tribes be removed to some locality where they can continue self-supporting
than for them to remain here, where, in a few years, they must become dependent.
The Indian Territory offers the best inducements for them, and I recommend
removal there as their only salvation. 
The Reformed Church, which your agent represents, manifests a deep interest
in these 
Indians, and is fully alive to the necessity of early education and christianization.
For the past two years since this reservation was assigned to that body,
it has kept a 
lady-teacher here, and has rendered us valuable assistance in various other
We also feel indebted to the Ladies' Union Missionary Association, of New
York, for 
its kindly assistance in supplying us with many articles useful for school
I enclose herewith statistics of education and farming, marked respectively
A and 
B, which are based on the best information at my command. 
Hoping I may be able to make my next annual report of these Indians to you
the Indian Territory, 
I remain, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
United States Indian Agent. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner of ndindh Affairs, Washington, D. C. 
Tucson, Ariz. Ter., September 1, 1873. 
SrR: I have the honor to submit this my third annual report showing the condition
of the agency under my charge. 
The peace made during the past year between the Papagos and the Aribaipa
the Pinal Apaches, has been kept to the satisfaction of all concerned, and
has been the 
means of doing much good. 
It is the first time in the recollection of the Papagos that they have been
at peace 
with these Indians, and the fact that they are not only safe in person, but
can now 
keep and raise stock in security, is a consolation and advantage that they
seem fully 
to appreciate, and, should this condition of affairs continue, it will be
but a few years 
before these Indians will possess considerable wealth, and be self-sustaining
and inde- 

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