United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1873
[Papago agency], pp. 283-284 PDF (989.8 KB)
REPORT OF COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 283 me to build. The payment for the rooms left me but little over half the original ap- propriation to devote to educational purposes, but with that remainder I have built two comfortable and convenient school-houses, one at San-tan, a Pina village, two and a half miles from the agency, and the other at Hol-che-dum, a Maricopa village, some four and a half miles distant. These houses are not large, but they will meet the wants of the two villages for the present. Should these tribes not be removed to the Indian Territory, there should be a school-house erected in each village on the reserve, and all of them supplied with teachers as early as practicable. If, as is gen- erally conceded, "the hope of the Indians lies in the children," every facility should be alffrded them for obtaining an education and otherwise fitting them for the future, which, from their present general ignorant condition, seems each year more and more uncertain. Having two school-houses, we shall need two more teachers when school re-opens, which will be about the middle of next month, and it is to be hoped that the Department will immediately authorize their engagement at a salary allowed the male teachers now here. In our schools we have the only means of improving the condi- tion of the Indians, and while we may be and are accomplishing some good among the few children that our facilities enable us to reach, the remainder are growing up in ignorance. There are nearly sixteen hundred children of the right age to attend school living on this reserve, and at the utmost, with our present means, we can only reach about one hundred and twenty-five. Much interest has been shown by the Indians in the question of their removal to the Indian Territory, and it is with pleasure that I acknowledge the receipt from your office of a communication authorizing me to prospect that country with a delegation of these tribes, with a view to their removal should they be satisfied with the appear- ance of the territory and the terms of removal. The Indians cannot remain here much longer and continue self-sustaining. Should they remain, it will be but a few years until they will become so reduced that in order to live they will have t be fed, or they will steal. If they are fed, it will cost the Government immense sums of money annually, while the Indians, who have always been self-supporting heretofore, will degenerate into a lazy, shiftless people, and a life of utter worthlessness, from which it will be almost impossible ever to reclaim them. If, on the other hand, they steal, it will in- volve them in a war with the Government, which, while it will cost still more than to feed them, will prove more disastrous to them in other respects. It is the desire of the Government that all her Indians should support themselves, and it is far better that these tribes be removed to some locality where they can continue self-supporting than for them to remain here, where, in a few years, they must become dependent. The Indian Territory offers the best inducements for them, and I recommend their removal there as their only salvation. The Reformed Church, which your agent represents, manifests a deep interest in these Indians, and is fully alive to the necessity of early education and christianization. For the past two years since this reservation was assigned to that body, it has kept a lady-teacher here, and has rendered us valuable assistance in various other ways. We also feel indebted to the Ladies' Union Missionary Association, of New York, for its kindly assistance in supplying us with many articles useful for school purposes. I enclose herewith statistics of education and farming, marked respectively A and B, which are based on the best information at my command. Hoping I may be able to make my next annual report of these Indians to you from the Indian Territory, I remain, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. H. STOUT, United States Indian Agent. Hon. E. P. SMITH, Commissioner of ndindh Affairs, Washington, D. C. 55. AGENcY PAPAGO INDIANS, Tucson, Ariz. Ter., September 1, 1873. SrR: I have the honor to submit this my third annual report showing the condition of the agency under my charge. The peace made during the past year between the Papagos and the Aribaipa and the Pinal Apaches, has been kept to the satisfaction of all concerned, and has been the means of doing much good. It is the first time in the recollection of the Papagos that they have been at peace with these Indians, and the fact that they are not only safe in person, but can now keep and raise stock in security, is a consolation and advantage that they seem fully to appreciate, and, should this condition of affairs continue, it will be but a few years before these Indians will possess considerable wealth, and be self-sustaining and inde- pendent.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright